Dissertações/Teses

2022
Dissertações
1
  • TATIANE GOMES DE ALMEIDA
  • The impact of dengue in Mato Grosso and its environmental relations

  • Orientador : CLAUMIR CESAR MUNIZ
  • Data: 25/02/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • : Dengue is a viral disease whose causative agent is a virus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which uses water, not necessarily clean, to reproduce. This disease has become a serious public health problem, due to the difficulty in controlling the spread of this vector. Thus, alternative measures need to be studied to combat mosquito proliferation. This research sought to identify the relationship between the different degrees of environmental qualification and the occurrence of the vector A. aegypti; and to identify the relationship between the water dynamics of urban streams and the periods of vector infestation.This is an epidemiological and descriptive study of the incidence rate and mortality from dengue, seeking to correlate with rainfall, Human Development Index (IDH), Demographic Density and the Urban Cleaning Sustainability Index (ISLU). Predation experiments were also carried out under laboratory conditions using three fish species (Moenkhausia dichroura, Astyanax asuncionensis and Aequidens plagiozanatus), in which A. aegypti larvae were offered to the species to identify whether there would be predation; and, finally, an active search for Aedes aegypti was carried out in three urban streams in the city of Cáceres. Dengue incidence did not show a significant relationship with population density (R²= 0.0025; p=0.56), but it was related to rainfall (R²=0.0019; p<0.05). The month of January had the highest incidence (83.27/100 thousand inhabitants). A. plagiozanatus reached 97.4% of predation, while M. diehroura and A. asuncionensis showed similar behavior, reaching 64.52% and 54.92% of predation, respectively. Five vectors were captured in adult form at the river mouth of the Sangradouro stream and its banks, as well as 57 larvae in stages I, II, III and IV of A. aegypti i. Dengue fever revealed epidemic peaks with high incidence rates in Mato Grosso, not showing any relationship with Demographic Density, but expressing a significant relationship with rainfall. The Brazilian native fish showed competence as predators of Aedes aegypti larvae. In the urban stream Sangradouro, adult larvae and mosquitoes of the vector that transmit dengue were found.

     

     
2
  • JEFFERSON DOS SANTOS FUNARO
  • AVERAGE OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN OF CÓRREGO PIRAPUTANGAS, IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF CÁCERES - MT: LAND USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 09/03/2022


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    The forms of use and occupation contribute to environmental degradation processes, especially those related to water resources. The study aimed to identify the categories of land use and assess environmental conditions in the river channel in the middle course of the Piraputangas stream hydrographic basin , in the municipality of Cáceres in the state of Mato Grosso. Methodological procedures: preparation of the land use and land cover map using the ArcGis software, using the vector database at a scale of 1:250,000 from the IBGE download portal, available on the site's geosciences menu; informal interview and observation, application of the Rapid Assessment protocol (Pars), was applied in three cross sections in the middle course of the hydrographic basin, the Piraputanga stream. The use and land cover of the middle of the Piraputanga stream hydrographic basin, according to the mapping, is distributed as follows: preserved areas, forest formations (33.20%), Savânica Formation (10.08%), Campo Alagado and Area Pantanosa (0, 02%) and Campestre Formation (3.59%). Areas with human activities are: planted forest (0.10%), pasture (51.99%), sugar cane (0.27%) and other temporary crops (0.66%). Section I presented the best preservation conditions, was evaluated as natural, obtaining 83 points. In sections II and III, major changes in the characteristics of the bed and the level of environmental impacts resulting from human activities were registered. With the respective scores, section II 47 points and section III 50 points, considered altered. Rapid River Assessment Protocols (PAR) are effective in assessing the conditions of surface water systems.
3
  • KARLA CAROLINE DOS SANTOS PEREIRA
  • “Ethnobotanical study in religionsof Afro-Brazilian mothers in the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso, from the perspective ofWell live”

  • Data: 01/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “Ethnobotanical study in religionsof Afro-Brazilian mothers in the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso, from the perspective ofWell live”

4
  • Igor Neves de Oliveira
  • Exposure of the population residing in the Brazilian Amazon to the poor quality ofatmospheric air

  • Orientador : ELIANE IGNOTTI
  • Data: 20/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Exposure of the population residing in the Brazilian Amazon to the poor quality ofatmospheric air

5
  • ANA CAMILLA IGNACIO DOS SANTOS
  • IMPACTS CAUSED BY PATHOGENIC AGENTS OF DOMESTIC DOGS ON THE WILD SPECIES Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) (CARNIVORA, CANIDAE) IN THE SERRA DAS ARARAS ECOLOGICAL STATION AND ITS SURROUNDINGS

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 09/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The species Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) is widespread over a large part of the South American territory, in Brazil its record occurs in large part, except in the Amazon. It is a common species in the Cerrado biome, as it adapts to anthropized and peri-urban environments. Anthropogenic areas bring the populations of wild animals closer to the domestic ones, allowing the transmission of parasites. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in the populations of domestic and wild canids, as well as the possibility of cross-contamination. For the capture of Cerdocyon thous, 10 folding Tomahawk traps were installed, measuring 115 x 55 x 60. As bait, pieces of chickens placed at the bottom of the traps were used. Biological material. In relation to domestic dogs, a questionnaire was applied to the owners of the animals regarding their life habits and the collection of biological material was carried out without the need for sedation. The samples were properly packaged and kept refrigerated until further analysis in the laboratory. The results obtained in the stool samples, according to Hoffman (1934) were positive for several parasites in domestic dogs with frequency of occurrence for Blastocystis sp. 60%, Trichuris vulpis 10%, Dipylidium caninum 10%, Hookworm 20%, Giardia lamblia 20% and Sarcocystis sp. 20%. For C. thous, the frequency of occurrence of mite eggs was 28.57%, Hookworm 42.85%, Blastocystis sp. 28.57%, Trichuris vulpis 14.28%. With the FAUST technique, parasites of domestic dogs were observed with frequency of occurrence for Blastocystis sp. of 30% and Sarcocystis sp. 10%. For C. thous with a frequency of occurrence of Hookworm 42.85%, Blastocystis sp. 57.14%, Trichuris vulpis 14, 28% and Capillaria sp. 14.28%. Blood samples from domestic and wild canids were subjected to Reverse Transcription followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) to investigate pathogens (Anaplasma sp., Babesia sp., Erlichia canis, Erlichia sp, Hepatozon sp., Leishmania sp. and Trypanosoma sp and CDV). The results showed that 50% of samples from domestic dogs were positive for Anaplasma sp., 60% for Babesia sp., 30% for Erlichia canis and 20% for Erlichia sp. However, they were negative for the antigens Hepatozon sp., Leishmania sp., Trypanosoma sp. and CDV. For C. thous all samples had negative reactions for all genotypes analyzed. Serology for distemper antibody detection (rapid test kit) in serum samples from domestic and wild dogs revealed that 80% of the samples were reactive for domestic dogs and none for C. thous. The frequency of occurrence of parasites in the feces and the presence of pathogens of infectious diseases in the blood of domestic dogs can characterize a threat to wild dogs present in the Conservation Unit that have direct contact between them, as they have free transit between the Conservation Unit. and the surrounding areas. Considering that the home range of C. thous can reach more than 7 km2, which overlaps 60% of the sampled domestic dogs, this way it can contaminate not only the C. thous object of this study, but also Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned wolf), Lycalopex vetulus (field fox) and Speothos venaticus (vinegar dog), as well as the feline species present in the area. For example, Blastocystis sp. was present in both species, which may demonstrate the contact between the animals. Preservation measures imply a work of sensitization of some residents who own domestic dogs, related to the vaccination and deworming of these animals. Thus, we emphasize that the combination of analysis techniques seeking to identify pathogens and parasites that affect diseases in domestic and wild canids, in addition to the mode of contagion, is essential to propose measures for the conservation of wild fauna.

6
  • RITHIELY CONCEIÇÃO SILVA
  • Selection of honey from Cáceres (Brazil) with indication of mechanism of action against Enterococcus faecalis

  • Orientador : CARLA GALBIATI
  • Data: 26/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This study evaluated the antibacterial activity of honey and fractions from Apis mellifera and the indicative mechanism of action of membrane permeability in combination with antibiotics. The honeys evaluated from the municipalities the state of Mato Grosso such as Cáceres (honey 1 and 2), Barra do Garças (honey 3), Nossa Senhora do Livramento (honey 4) and Sinop (honey 5). These honeys have higher phenolic content, antioxidant and antibacterial activity compared to others in the state, studied by the Laboratory of the Center for the Study of Beekeeping (CETApis). The five fresh honeys and their fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol) were evaluated for inhibition of the growth of Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Helicobacter pylori bacteria. The antibacterial activity was verified by microdilution in broth method, with serial dilution from 1000 to 1.95 μg/mL. The indicative of membrane permeability was investigated by microdilution in broth method, combining honey or fractions in serial concentrations of 80 to 0.2 mg/mL with the antibiotic (clarithromycin/erythromycin) in a concentration of 20 to 0.04 μg/mL, such as checkboard. Honeys and their fractions had no antibacterial activity up to a concentration of 1000 ug/mL. Honey 1 and its N-butanol fraction had an effect on membrane permeability for gram positive bacteria E. faecalis. Honeys and fractions had no effect on the membrane permeability of S. epidermidis. It is concluded that honey 1 from Cáceres are promising to enhance the antibacterial activity of the antibiotic linked to membrane permeability and flavonoid action.

7
  • JAQUELINE DEUSDARA PINHEIRO
  • Mercury sources in the North Pantanal

  • Orientador : AUREA REGINA ALVES IGNACIO
  • Data: 21/06/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Mercury (Hg) is a global concern due to its adverse effects on human health, food safety and the environment. It is one of the most serious environmental pollutants and related toxic compounds can be easily transferred to water, soil and sediment. The accumulation over time of large inputs of Hg into the environment results in the widespread occurrence of Hg throughout the food chain, requiring action to identify the main local sources of Hg. The Brazilian Pantanal is a floodplain covering an area of almost 140,000 km 2 and is subject to seasonal and monomodal floods, mostly once a year. As the final receptor of pollutants, derived from anthropogenic pressures, it is a vulnerable region threatened by recent trends in economic development, mainly by persistent and lethal fires that occurred mainly in the years 2018 to 2020. Traces of mercury have already been found in algae, fish and reptiles in the North Pantanal; which brings concern for the fragile balance of this ecosystem as well as for the health of the animals and the riverside population. In this sense, the objective of this research was to evaluate the origin of mercury in the North Pantanal Ecosystem. With an exploratory methodology, the collections took place in the springs, course and mouths of the Jauru, Cabaçal, Sepotuba and Paraguai rivers, whose waters form upstream of the edges of the Pantanal. Forty-eight points were considered, and samples of leaves, soil, sediment, zooplankton and particulate matter in water were collected. To determine the THg, a direct analyzer (DMA 80) was used, followed by statistical analyses. There were significant relationships of the four rivers and areas studied for soil (p<0.05). And between the spring, course and mouth areas, there were significant relationships for sediments (p<0.05). Among the studied rivers, the Cabaçal river presented the highest concentration of THg for zooplankton, (11.01 ± 5.34 ug/kg), soil (15.58 ± 16.77 ug/kg) and leaves (21.81 ± 10.18 ug/kg), while the Jauru River presented for sediments (3.67 ± 21.47 ug/kg). The Cabaçal River was associated with intense sedimentation of the basin lithology and the occurrence of Latosols, associated with land use, in addition to the fluvial dynamics itself. The Jauru River associated with PCHs established in the region since 1990. The concentrations found even below the limits established by the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) and the National Council for the Environment (CONAMA) require government actions to prevent environmental contamination, guiding and aware of the risks to which the population may be exposed, as well as the preservation of this fragile ecosystem. Continuous monitoring should occur mainly because the number of fires has increased in the last two years (2020-2021) in the Pantanal Biome.

Teses
1
  • MAIARA THAISA OLIVEIRA RABELO
  • UPPER PARAGUAY BASIN WATER RESOURCES PLAN: GOVERNANCE UNDER CONSTRUCTION

  • Orientador : CAROLINA JOANA DA SILVA
  • Data: 22/02/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    This work deals with the management and planning of water resources in the hydrographic region of Paraguay. The importance of the hydrographic region of Paraguay, especially for including in its area the largest continuous floodplain in the world, National Heritage, site designated by the RAMSAR Wetlands Convention and Biosphere Reserve, the Pantanal Mato-grossense, explains the great interest that awakens in Brazil and in the world. Given such importance, this plan must consider all the multiple uses and users of water present in the region. Note, however, the lack of the human element, as well as the fishing and tourism segments in this document. On the other hand, these segments and others participated in workshops to prepare the document, although there are no previous studies to identify all interest groups, their demands and possible conflicts. For this reason, the objective of this paper is to analyze the planning, participatory management and governance of water resources in the Hydrographic Region of Paraguay in the context of the construction and implementation of the Water Resources Plan.
2
  • JOSE ALDAIR PINHEIRO
  • “ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY OF THE TERRANOVA COLONIZATION PROJECT: needs and possibilities of Environmental Education in the Northern Mato-Grossense Amazon in transformation”.

  • Orientador : AUMERI CARLOS BAMPI
  • Data: 04/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    This thesis addresses the Environmental History of the Terranova Colonization Project located in the municipalities of Terra Nova do Norte and Nova Guarita in the far north of Mato Grosso. The approach portrays the historical and current configuration regarding the relationship of this society with nature in its places of life. The Terranova Colonization Project is a process of reoccupation of this territory, via Official Colonization of the military government implemented in 1978 through INCRA and Cooperativa Coopercana. In this Project, landless peasant families who illegally occupied indigenous reserves in the upper Uruguay region were settled, where they lived in a situation of conflict over land tenure. From the focus of Environmental History, the central issue of the thesis sought to answer the following questions: What social and environmental conditions led/motivated southerners in the Alto Uruguai/RS region to accept the proposal to migrate to the Terranova Colonization Project in the North of Mato Grosso ?How was the process of appropriation and use of nature taking place, in view of the socio-environmental crisis currently experienced by peasants in the research study area? The objective of the research is to analyze the relationship between society and nature, represented by the peasants and the Terranova Project, from the perspective of Environmental History, to face and overcome the challenges of the local socio-environmental crisis through the possibilities offered by environmental education. study is based on qualitative research. In this perspective and in order to contemplate the outlined objectives and answer the thesis questions, the dialectical method for the scientific approach to research was defined. As for the procedures and techniques of data collection, we used, first, the bibliographical and documental research. Then, for field data, we used participant observation, field notebook and semi-structured interviews based on methods of oral history of lives and comprehensive interview. Participating interlocutors are peasants remaining in rural plots since the beginning of the Project. The results show that the creation and implementation of the Terranova Project disregarded the Krenakarore indigenous people, who inhabited this territory. It also disregarded the socio-environmental reality of migrant peasants in their life trajectories and the migration to the Amazon biome without any preparation or knowledge of the local ecosystem. The development of the Terranova Project reproduced the southern ethos of civilizing deforestation based on the exploitation of natural resources and the production of raw materials for national and international markets. In the reoccupation process, a development model based on the exploitation of natural resources was implemented, in which peasant families were inserted and conceived as small production units for the national and international market. Consequently, this generated profound impacts and transformations in the environment, leading to a local socio-environmental crisis that imposes on this society the search for alternatives to face the crisis and the construction of a more sustainable collective life.
3
  • MAIRA LUIZA SPANHOLI
  • “Environmental economic valuation: benefits obtained by Mato Grosso in environmental conservation”

  • Data: 29/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “Environmental economic valuation: benefits obtained by Mato Grosso in environmental conservation”

4
  • MARCOS DOS SANTOS
  • Environmental elements, land use and occupation, environmental fragility and the morphodynamics of the Cachoeirinha stream hydrographic basin, in Mato Grosso state.

     
  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 20/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This research was carried out within the hydrographic basin of Cachoeirinha stream, placet at Cáceres city, Mato Grosso State. The main purpose was to study the several environmental characteristics, the pedological units, the distincts ways of land usage, the environmental fragilities and the morphodynamics of the hydrographic basin. The methodology focused, firstly, on structuring this study in five chapters. The environmental elements characterization was performed through a review in scientific publications, also from the RADAMBRASIL Project and from the Ministry of Defense, pages and yet from Mato Grosso Atlas – Planning Secretary of Mato Grosso StateSEPLAN. The basin area delimitation was made through the Digital Elevation Model (MDE) and the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). The thematic maps were elaborated through the IBGE database and field activities. The representative pedological units characterization was outlined based on EMBRAPA manuals, field observations, opening of trenches, morphological description, gathering and physicalchemical analyzes. The land usage, ocuppation and covering process was characterized through scientific publications, public documents, maps and information from INCRA and MAPBIOMAS with images referring to the years 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2020, processed in the software QGis 3.4.6 and field activities with informal interviews. The basin compartmentalization in high, medium and low course and the drainage network characterization was carried out through the SEPLAN-MT; regarding the maps elaboration with the classes of fragility, it was outlined through the algebra of maps "Calculator Raster", following adaptations of scientific productions. In relation to the morphometric parameters definition it were performed field activities in March and August/2020 (flood and drought periods in the hydrographic basin) for observations, also bathymetry and gathreing of water samples for analysis in order to quantify the suspended solid load. The results from first chapter show that the regional climate is AW. However, the different altitudes influenced the formation of two climatic units: Hot Mesothermal Altitude Tropical of Southern Facade of Plateaus, with na area of 69,16%, comprising the upper course of the basin (Serrana Province), and the Sub-Humid Megathermal Tropical of the Depressions and Plateaus of Mato Grosso, which occupies 30.84% in the middle and lower courses (Depression of the Upper Paraguai and the the Paraguay River Plain). Of the geological formations, the Raizama Formation Sandstone is evident, present in 27.88% of the upper course of the basin, playing an important role in the process of supplying the groundwater table and the Sepotuba Formation, occupying the upper and middle course valleys, where the fluvial slopes flow, with an area equivalent to 41.03%. The Geomorphology shows the Serrana Province, occupying 52.65% of the basin (upper course) and the Paraguay River Plain with an area of 0.24% in the lower course, an environment of sediment deposition that influences the exuberance of the floristic landscape. The predominant vegetation cover is the Savanna type, which characteristics are influenced mainly by 26 pedological attributes. The largest unit is the Wooded Savanna without gallery forest, covering 54.78% of the basin, corresponding to areas with higher altitudes (315 to 700 meters) in the Serrana Province. The composition with the highest stature is the Alluvial Seasonal Semideciduous Forest with an emerging canopy, present in the lower course, in the Paraguay River Plain region. In the second chapter, the pedological units were identified, evidencing the greatest representation of the Regolithic Neosol, occupying an area of 40.69% in the Serrana Province region and the Latosols, in 40.5% in the Upper Paraguay Depression. The third chapter showed that usage and occupation began during the 18th century with subsistence agriculture and extractive activities. From the 19th century, with the immigrants arrival, there was the insertion of mechanized agriculture, initiating social conflicts, deforestation of large areas, fires, use of pesticides, erosion and soil compaction, among other impacts. Currently, 63% of the basin is covered by Cerrado vegetation, 34.52% is occupied by pasture and 1.68% by grain monoculture. The fourth chapter show that the strongest environmental fragility is in the region of the Serrana Province with an area of 11.57% of the basin, where the relief is sloping and the lowest classification (very weak and weak) is found in the valleys of Depression of the Upper Paraguai and in the Plain of the Paraguai River, where the relief presents a lower slope. Regarding the climate, the strong fragility was in the area dominated by the Tropical Climate of Hot Mesothermal Altitude of the Meridional Facade of Plateaus, as a consequence of the higher precipitation incidence on steep slopes. As for the soils, the Eutrophic Fluvic Neosol Tb typical in the Paraguay River Plain and the Eutrophic Litholic Neosol in the Serrana Province showed very strong fragility and really weak fragility for the middle course Latosols, where the relief presents smooth wavy areas. Where the land covered by the Forest Formation appears in the low course, the environmental fragility is very weak (23.57% of the basin), for the Savanna and Campestral Formation; 39.37% of the area in the upper course and the fragility is weak. The most expressive class of potential fragility (46.42% of area) and emerging (68.19% of the basin) is the medium. The increase in the occupied area among the fragilities happens with the insertion of land use and occupation. The fifth chap4ter shows that geomorphology created the exorheic flow pattern and the parallel drainage. The drainage density was 0.52 km/km² and channels, 0.10 channels/km², considered low due to the geology and geomorphology of the basin. The periods of flood and drought influence the indices of flow, depth, velocity and, consequently, the contribution of liquid and solid discharge to the Paraguay River. The realization of this study allowed the knowledge about the characteristics of the basin, which can guide environmental management actions and contribute to environmental conservation. The flood and drought periods influence the indices of flow, depth, velocity and, consequently, the contribution of liquid and solid discharge to the Paraguay River. Performing this study allowed the knowledge about the characteristics of the hydrographicy basin, which can guide environmental management actions and contribute to environmental conservation.

5
  • BRENO DIAS VITORINO
  • Ecological networks and mutualism between birds and plants: from a protected area to urban environments in the Neotropics.

  • Orientador : JOSUE RIBEIRO DA SILVA NUNES
  • Data: 22/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Mutualistic interactions are those with positive effects for everyone involved and this incredible process is known to be one of the main pillars that structure biological communities. From this perspective, ecological network analysis emerges as a promising tool, including interactions between species as an additional layer to unravel ecological processes. Thus, in this thesis -under development-, using ecological network approaches, we evaluated mutualistic interactions between birds and plants. The document is divided into three chapters: in the first one “Influence of sampling methods on the description of a neotropical seed dispersal network”, we discuss how different sampling methods can compromise the interpretation of the evaluated network. Among our findings, we highlight that the choice of method, phytocentric or zoocentric, significantly influences the characterization of networks, with structural and species-level implications. In chapter 2: “Core-periphery roles of birds in a Neotropical seed dispersal network is determined by abundance”, we describe the seed dispersal network of a preserved area and identify, among the birds, those with “core” positions as well as which ones are the main ecological determinants that can influence this positioning. Our results pointed to a network with a modular structure and core-periphery formation. From the congruence of different framewoks, we highlight Ramphocelus carbo and Pipra fasciicauda as one of the most central species of the network, and we show that even though it is a system of interactions established in a preserved area, abundance was one of the main determinants of structural roles assumed by birds. . In the third chapter: “Assessing the ecological determinants of interactions to plan for urban greening: an example with a plant-hummingbird network”, we describe an established system in an urban environment and, in a pioneering way, we identify the main ecological drivers that govern the interactions between hummingbirds and plants in an anthropized environment. We showed that among the mechanisms of neutrality and niche, the phenological factors (niche) were the most explanatory. Furthermore, evaluating the robustness of this system using a recent rearrangement model after local extinction simulations, we found that the loss/removal of native plants to the detriment of exotic plants affects more the structure of the network and the morphological matching mechanism between species ( niche), promotes greater robustness.

6
  • ANGÉLICA VILAS BOAS DA FROTA
  •  Taxonomic and functional diversity of birds in the  
    floodplain of the Brazilian Pantanal.

  • Orientador : JOSUE RIBEIRO DA SILVA NUNES
  • Data: 26/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Birds can be effective indicators of ecological conditions in wetlands, because constitute  
    one of the most diverse biological groups, have high mobility, and provide fundamental  
    ecological functions that guarantee the maintenance of ecosystem support and regulation  
    services. In this research, we evaluated the taxonomic and functional diversity of birds
    through distinct approaches, using the group as a potential ecological indicator to  
    contribute to conservation actions and environmental planning in the Brazilian Pantanal  
    floodplain. For this, we structured the document into four chapters, corresponding to two  
    published articles, one submitted and one in preparation. The first chapter is an overview
    of scientific knowledge about birds in the Pantanal based on publications from the last 30  
    years, which made it possible to direct and substantiate future research. In the second  
    chapter, we carry out an inventory and consolidate a list of bird species that occur in a  
    protected area of the Pantanal which is recognized as a wetland of international  
    importance, which can contribute to the knowledge of the distribution and occurrence of  
    birds in this floodplain. In the third chapter, we researched how the richness, abundance  
    and functional structure of birds with different degrees of wetlands dependence are  
    influenced by the flood pulse dynamics of the Pantanal. We expected to find different  
    ecological responses for each birds group in relation to hydrological cycle. In the fourth  
    chapter, we propose to investigate whether the modification of habitats across the  
    hydrological cycles affects the taxonomic and functional diversity of birds, in order to  
    access environmental changes in a tropical floodplain. We expect to contribute to the  
    knowledge of the taxonomic and functional diversity of birds in floodplains, as well as  
    towards advances for wetlands conservation

7
  • BRUNO RAMOS BRUM
  • The Resilience of Birds in the Face of Environmental Pollution

  • Orientador : AUREA REGINA ALVES IGNACIO
  • Data: 30/06/2022


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    Rapid human-induced environmental changes pose the greatest threats to wildlife populations and encompass many environmental disturbances, including habitat loss, introduction of exotic species, climate change, and contamination by fertilizer and pesticide applications from the complex production chain of the world. agribusiness, which in turn leads to an increase in the accumulation of metals such as mercury in water and soil. The exposure of non-target organisms to these chemical compounds is quite common, resulting in numerous cases of acute poisoning in the wild population, particularly in birds, which have low levels of detoxifying enzymes, increasing their sensitivity. Due to their persistence in the environment and their ability to bioaccumulate and bimagnify, both pesticide multiresidues and mercury have been associated with the decline of bird populations in different parts of the world. In this way, birds have played an important role as environmental bioindicators, and different species can be useful due to their different capacities for bioaccumulation. Recent studies indicate that the availability of multi-residues of pesticides and mercury can be increased in areas where there are water level fluctuations and vegetated habitats that experience wet and dry cycles during the year. Thus, areas such as the Brazilian Pantanal, which has these characteristics, are predisposed to be hotspots of avian exposure to these toxic compounds. Therefore, we present in chapter 1 a scientometric research on the impacts of pesticides used in agriculture over 21 years on insectivorous, insectivorous birds. 16 works were found, distributed in nine countries, including 50 species of birds classified in four categories of population status. In addition, the results showed that these birds had at least one organ/tissue/structure (liver, feces, stomach bolus, blood plasma, muscle tissue, food items, eggs) contaminated by one of the 21 types of chemical compounds presented in the analyzed articles, that directly affect their survival. Insectivorous birds that inhabit riparian forests of floodplains, by preying on invertebrates, tend to extend the length of their food chains, increasing the opportunity for biomagnification of chemical compounds in their organism. Knowledge about trophic ecology and partitioning of food resources by insectivorous birds is of great scientific importance. Thus, in the second chapter, we investigate trophic relationships through analysis of the partition of food resources between insectivorous bird species from a longitudinal gradient of riparian forest, in the northern portion of the Pantanal of Mato Grosso. Specimens were captured with a mist net using a sequence of 9 nets measuring 9m x 2m, mesh 36mm, which remained open for 4 continuous hours. A total of 126 specimens belonging to 14 species were collected. The food items most consumed by the birds sampled were insects belonging to the order Coleoptera, Hyminoptera-Formicidae, Hymenoptera, Diptera, Ixodida and Hymenoptera non-Formicidae, respectively, indicating a greater generalization of the studied species in terms of food exploitation. Finally, in the third chapter, we present the first work using insectivorous birds from the North Pantanal as bioindicators of exposure to mercury, with the objective of knowing the pattern of accumulation of this metal in different organs (muscle, liver and brain) and feather. A total of 218 specimens were collected and the samples were analyzed by direct analysis atomic absorption spectrometry (DMA-80). The mercury concentrations presented values in increasing order, muscle < brain < liver < feather, regardless of the collection site, with a variation in the mean of mercury concentrations from (0.07 to 0.27 µg.g-1), ( 0.04 to 0.62 µg.g-1), (0.14 to 0.81 µg.g-1) and (0.77 to 3.49 µg.g-1), respectively. Along the gradient, the Kruskal-Wallis test revealed significant differences between the concentrations in the tissues where muscle (KW = 73.88 p < 0.001), brain (KW = 100.23, p < 0.002), liver (KW = 65, 42, p < 0.009) and feather (KW = 39.52, p < 0.005) so that the concentration of mercury in the tissues of insectivorous birds increases following the direction of the watercourse, from the points upstream of Porte Estrela and Barra do Downstream buggy, Taiamã. Our results show that mercury is present in food webs in the Pantanal North of Brazil and can biomagnify in significant concentrations not only in predatory piscivorous species, but also in insectivorous birds in the studied region.
8
  • MARIA APARECIDA DE SOUZA
  • FEMININE PEASANT TERRITORIALITIES OF THE CERRADO

  • Data: 29/08/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The theme of female peasant territorialities of the Cerrado developed in this thesis, sought to contemplate approaches involving the Cerrado biome and its territorialization and the consequences for socio-environmental and cultural diversities. the gradual importance economic growth of the biome was processed by the prosperous productive capacity, in the expansion of the Brazilian agricultural frontiers. The development of agrarian capital in these fields, made viable the transactions and partnerships of private and public sectors with strategies and negotiations for international agro-export markets. This historic setting implied changes in the socio-environmental and cultural relations of traditional peoples cerradeiros, whose material and immaterial dimensions in the relationships of the subjects with the territory, were configured in the consolidation of survival actions and identities. These relationships reconcile webs of complicity and bonds creating a unique feature, combining the daily needs of life and the offer of the Cerrado's biodiversity. In this follow-up, we sought to investigate the protagonism of peasant women in closed territories, their experiences and legacies. To achieve this goal, we used of life history, a methodology that is part of the universe of qualitative research, relying on the procedures of participant observation and open interviews. With incipient results, these techniques were enough to understand that, even in the face of invisibility conditions given by the patriarchal social structure and setbacks imposed by the transformations of work in the countryside, peasant women research participants, revealed that they house, with simplicity, the ways of life founded in the cerradeiros fields and protect customs, imprint their practices on cultural knowledge, promoting their protection. Even with partial search results, it is worth ensuring that, although neglected, the female presence emerges as protagonist in the struggle, in the exercise of resistance and permanence on earth.

2021
Dissertações
1
  • ALEXANDRE FORGIARINI BASTOS ANICETO
  • Evaluation of ecological restoration techniques with speciesnative in an area of degraded springs in the PantanalMato Grosso.

  • Orientador : SOLANGE KIMIE IKEDA CASTRILLON
  • Data: 06/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of this work was to evaluate different techniques of direct seeding (in holes and the haul), as well as to identify the influence of litter transposition after sowing, to emergence and establishment of native species in ecological restoration work in a area of degraded springs in the municipality of Cáceres-MT. In the experiment presented here two direct sowing techniques (in holes and by broadcast) were analyzed in two different environments. (with and without litter transposition), using three species of native plants, (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., Sterculia apetala (Jaqc.) H. Karst., Vochysya divergens Pohl.), in a factorial scheme (2x2) in a degraded spring area. Being four treatments: T1 direct seeding in holes, T2 direct seeding in holes with litter, T3 seeding direct seeding by broadcast and T4 direct seeding by broadcast with litter, with eight replications each. THE emergency, establishment were monitored for three months and had height, collar diameter and number of leaves for ten months. For the species S. apetala, the best treatment was T2, obtaining better values in all parameters analyzed in this experiment. For the species J. cuspidifolia T4 was more efficient for the percentage of emergency, establishment, emergency speed index, average emergency time, for the average height and diameter of the collar, number of leaves and survival rate, T3 proved to be more promising. For the species V. divergens the treatment that obtained the best values in all parameters analyzed in the experiment was T4. Large seeds have better germination and emergence rates in the field, using the sowing technique direct, when compared with small seeds, The litter transposed after sowing direct influence positively on emergence, establishment and provided plants with greater vigor at the end of the experiment. Showing to be a possibility to improve the chances emergence and establishment of species with small seeds, used in forest recovery. Thus, we consider that the use of litter transposition can be one of the efficient auxiliary methods in ecological restoration.

2
  • SARAH CAVALARI LADEIA
  • THE USE OF ATTRACTIVE PLANT STRIPS FOR THE CONSERVATION OFPOLLINATORS AND NATURAL ENEMIES IN TOMATO AND AUBERJEL CROPS

  • Orientador : CARLA GALBIATI
  • Data: 28/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Habitat management in agricultural landscapes to include species diversity of flowering plants are important to increase or maintain functions. multiple, such as pollination and biological control. Given the above, the The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of attractive flowers on the insect regulation environmental services (pollination and biological control) in two nightshade species, the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). The dissertation study was divided into two articles: the first article was carried out in commercial tomatoes (6200 m²) in the municipality of São José dos Quatro Marcos (Mato Grosso, Brazil). the design experimental was completely randomized with 15 plots of 5 x 4 meters, consisting of 16 tomato plants, with two treatments 1) tomato without strip of attractive flowers (control); 2) tomato striped with attractive flowers of coriander and sorghum. The sampling of pollinating insects and natural enemies was performed with Bee bowls trap and active collection for 8 days at flowering for coriander and 8 days for sorghum. Tomato production was verified by weight of the fruits of 8 plants/plot. Data were analyzed by t-test for compare the richness and abundance of insects between treatments. The production of tomato was analyzed by multiple regression to verify the effect of treatments (x1), insect diversity (x2) and x1:x2 interaction. THE abundance of natural enemies was greater in tomatoes with attractive stripes with flowers of coriander (p = 0.03) and the richness of pollinators was higher in striped tomato of sorghum flowers (p=0.05). The effect of the two bands of flowers intercropping (cilantro + sorghum) increased the total abundance of enemies by three times natural (IN) in tomato with flower bands (p= 0.04). Tomato production does not responded to the use of attractive flower bands and insect diversity. O second article was carried out in eggplant plantation (2320 m2 ) in the municipality of Cáceres (Mato Grosso, Brazil). The sample design was entirely randomized design consisting of 2 treatments, control (eggplant without attractive flowers, plots) and eggplant + sorghum flower strip with 5 repetitions and the total of 10 installments. For sampling of beneficial insects, the same methodology as the first article. Tomato production was verified by fruit weight, size (cm), diameter and number of fruits in 10 plants/plot. Statistical analyzes were the same used in the first article. Both in the evaluation of natural enemies and in pollinators a richness and abundance were greater in the plots that contained flower bands sorghum attractants. Eggplant production in fruit size was favored by the abundance of natural enemies and number of fruits by the method of open pollination. Thus, the planting of attractive flower strips of coriander and sorghum in tomato and sorghum in eggplant has the potential to favor the increase in biological control and pollination services.

3
  • TATIANE AMORIM DE MATOS
  • "PROFILESOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL AGE OF ELDERLY IN A REGION OF THE MATOGROSSENSE PANTANAL: ASTUDY OF ENDOPARASITOSES"

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 18/07/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • As the natural aging process, the elderly presents changes morphophysiological and immunological leaving the most susceptible to various ooinfections parasitic. Endoparasitosis is a public health problem in Brazil, showing variations according to basic sanitation conditions, level socioeconomic status, level of education, age and hygiene habits, among others variables. The general objective of this work was to analyze the prevalence of endoparasites in seniors who attend the Living Center and seniors and employees of the Long-stay institution in the city of Cáceres-MT. The samples were analyzed using three laboratory techniques, namely: Hoffmann, Ritchie and modified Safranina staining technique in the Parasitic Biology laboratory at Mato Grosso State University (UNEMAT). The prevalence of parasites intestinal were: among the elderly of the Living Center (46.98%), elderly of the Long-stay Institution (83.33%) and employees (84.61%). You endoparasites Cryptosporidium sp., Cyclospora sp. and Giardia lamblia were the most prevalent, with 22%, 19% and 18%, respectively. This study also evaluated the sociodemographic characteristics and personal hygiene habits of the elderly at the Center Coexistence and ILP employees. The results suggested a condition epidemiological concern of the elderly population of the ILP because the high rates of prevalence in both the elderly and employees show the high risk of infection and reinfection in this environment and shows the need for programs educational awareness of hygienic practices and primary health care of the elderly population in these institutions.

4
  • BRUNA DOS SANTOS FRANÇA
  • STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF PERIPHETIC ALGAE INMATO-GROSSENSE PANTANAL: BIOINDICATOR POTENTIALENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

  • Data: 04/09/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Ecological studies relating to periphyton, particularly in ecosystems Brazilian tropical waters are important tools for knowledge of biotic integrity and assist in the development of diagnoses of causes of environmental problems, being used for example as an indicator of water quality and its trophic state. This work aimed to analyze the structure and dynamics of periphytic algae at different scales temporal and spatial in Pantanal, Brazil. The periphytic algae community was evaluated on natural substrates (aquatic macrophytes) in a flood area tropical, specifically in the Taiamã Ecological Station, which is located in the Upper Paraguay River Basin, Pantanal Mato Grosso. In the first approach, the dynamics of taxonomic and functional diversity of diatoms from environmental filters and the contribution of diversity functional in tropical wetland. We found a significant variation between functional traits of communities in different hydrological periods (flood, ebb, drought and flood) and a replacement of species between years (taxonomic diversity), without the community losing its characteristic functional in each phase of the flood pulse, so we indicate the importance of determination of functional traits in floodplains. On Monday approach, the potential for mercury (Hg) methylation in the radicial periphyton of three species of aquatic macrophytes: Paspalun repens P.J. Bergious, Salvinia auriculata Aubl., Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms in relation to the trophic index of the peripheral community in a flood area tropical. The primary productions of methylmercury in the periphyton associated with roots of the macrophytes under study varied between species, in addition to verified a decrease in the primary production of methylmercury as the increase in the trophic index, which indicates the influence of primary producers in the periphyton on mercury methylation rates in macrophyte rhizomes. We conclude that the results of this study contribute to data formation about the periphytic community and its ecological interactions, which can serve as references for interventions aimed at managing the Pantanal system, as in the use of its water resources, as the dynamics of the community are regulated by environmental conditions and your knowledge can help in assessment of the quality of aquatic ecosystems.

5
  • RAQUEL SANTOS BATISTA
  • BENTONIC MACROINVERTEBRATES AS BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN THE NORTH PANTANAL, CÁCERES-MT, BRAZIL.

  • Orientador : ERNANDES SOBREIRA OLIVEIRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 07/09/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Aquatic invertebrates are of great ecological importance in freshwater environments, participating decisively in the processes of fragmentation and decomposition of organic matter. The identification of the aquatic macrofauna is quite approximately in determining the environmental quality through the use of biomonitoring indices. Researchers and companies from all over the world have used macroinvertebrates as pieces for environmental qualification because they are considered good biological indicators, due to their sensitivity they respond to environmental variations, which, according to the families present there, receive a note that serves for the creation and adaptation of environmental quality biomonitoring indexes. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the biodiversity of benthic macroinvertebrates in environments with different degrees of anthropization, as well as to qualify their efficiency and suitability of biotic indexes of assessment in tropical humid areas. The first work was carried out a scientometric review of scientific articles indexed in the Scopus, ScienceDirect and Scielo databases in an interval from 2000 to 2020; the second article deals with the description of the community's diversity using environmental quality indicators. The results of the research in scientometric analysis showed a scientific production of 314 articles, among which 60 biotic indexes were addressed. Among these, EPT (Ephemeroroptera, Plecoptera and Trichopter) was the most used in scientific research. Among the indexes found, the only one that showed a trend of use for the coming years was the ASPT (Average Score Per Taxon). The studied indices represent water monitoring options that, with adaptations, can be used in different climates and hydrographic basins in the world, carried out in eight locations (Paraguay River, urban streams, Caramujo streams, water ponds and Taiamã Ecological Station (UC- Campo, UC- Rio Paraguai and UC- Rio Bracinho,). Macroinvertebrates were samples using a Van Veen dredge and at the Laboratory, families were analyzed and identified. To take data on the limnological variables, a multiparametric probe was used in addition to the samples of water for the analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus. The macrofauna was represented by 2.210 individuals and the greatest abundance was found in more preserved places, there were positive and statistically significant relationships for dissolved oxygen, water temperature and rapid assessment protocol-RAP with the density of the organisms (ind/m²). The results showed that the indexes EPT and IBF (Benthic Family Index) were the best that match the reality of the environments, corresponding to the results of the RAP. The principal component analysis (PCA) characterized each environment with distinct variables. We can conclude that, for a more robust characterization of aquatic environments, it is necessary to apply several biotic indices together with the physical and chemical variables, thus strengthening the monitoring of environmental quality as well as the creation of biological indexes.

6
  • MICHELLE DO ESPIRITO SANTO BERTOLINO
  • “Brycon hilarii diet and its role in conserving flooded forests in a Conservation Unit”

  • Orientador : CLAUMIR CESAR MUNIZ
  • Data: 15/10/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
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    Studies related to fish diet contribute to the knowledge of biology species, in addition to assisting in the investigation of trophic ecology, competition and fish predation. In the Pantanal, there are signs of anthropization in the environments, which affect mainly fish populations, including bare in environments natural that can cause exaggerated caloric gain, being harmful to health of fish. The objective of this work, divided into 2 chapters, was to analyze the diet of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes, 1850), during the four hydrological periods, verifying the ecological relationships of the specimens collected in the stretches of Rio Paraguay/Porto Estrela, Sepotuba River and Taiamã Ecological Station (EET). Was sampled a total of 558 copies in monthly campaigns, during the four periods of the hydrological cycle in the year 2013 to 2015 for article 1 and in the year 2019 to 2020 for article 2. The specimens were captured with bamboo poles, hook, line of different measures and natural baits. Then packed in boxes and sent to the laboratory, where the data were measured biometrics and stomachs removed for analysis. The results of the first article, show that Erythrina fusca Lour. (zucchini), is the main food item of the diet of B. hilarii. During the flood an IAi of 95% was observed and during the flood 60%. In addition, B. hilarii proved to be an expert in feeding on E. fusca during the flood, being a generalist during periods of flood, ebb and drought. At the second article, the results show that the diet of B. hilarii is based on corn and soy, in the stretches of the Paraguai/Porto Estrela and Sepotuba rivers, in the TSE, the diet consists of insects, dissolved material and plant debris. Thus, we conclude that the hydrological periods provide a marked diversification in the supply of items food. However, due to the monodominance of E. fusca in the TSE, there was a greater availability of this item in your diet. In the second article, B. hilarii can be concluded that B. hilarii shows itself as an opportunist-specialist, which means that, in the presence of barley, has a preference for this item, which causes a disruption in their trophic relationship.
7
  • SEBASTIÃO LEMES
  • “Composition, Structure and Dynamics of the Tree Community in Forests at the Serra das Araras Ecological Station, Mato Grosso, Brazil”

  • Orientador : MARIA ANTONIA CARNIELLO
  • Data: 29/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Studies on dynamics are important for us to understand the characteristics and structure of a plant community. The forest dynamics is a process by which the forest remains balanced, contributing with important characteristics of the plant community maintaining the structure and composition over the years. The current state of a forest environment is resulting from the interactions of various processes, growth, mortality and the regeneration. This work aimed to evaluate the composition, structure and dynamics of the arboreal component in areas of forest formation in two hectares in the Serra das Araras Ecological Station (Esec da Serra das Araras. Data from two censuses (2016 and 2019) were used, in two parcels 100 X 100 m permanent standings designated ESA-02 and ESA-03. The criterion of inclusion was a diameter ≥ 10 cm at a height of 1.30 m from the ground. the descriptors phytosociologicals used were: relative density, relative frequency, relative dominance and importance value. For floristic diversity, Shannon-Wiener (H’) and Pielou (J’) were used. to compare the data of diameter, height, basal area and number of trees between the censuses we used t-test. For this community, the succession classes were analyzed. ecological. In 2016, 694 individuals, 109 species, 79 were cataloged. genera and 39 families. In 2019 in the same areas 614 individuals, 104 species, 78 genera and 38 families. The diametric structure of the ESA-02 is more heterogeneous than ESA-03. In the basal area for ESA-02 and ESA-03 there was an average gain of one census to another. Mortality occurred in individuals who presented larger diameter. The present study allows us to infer that the forest remains balanced, contributing important characteristics of the plant community maintaining the structure and composition over the years and keeping the current state of a forest environment that results from the interactions of several processes in particular growth, plant mortality.

8
  • VALERIA LUCELIA DE OLIVEIRA CORREA
  • Underground carbon dynamics in the Cerrado stricto sensu of the Ecological Stationof Serra das Araras, under different fire histories

  • Data: 30/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    The soil is one of the largest carbon reservoirs in the ecosystem, knowing its dynamics, as well as quantifying the efflux of CO2 into the atmosphere, allows not only to carry out carbon sequestration calculations for that ecosystem, but also helps in decision making in an attempt to mitigate the high concentrations of this gas in the atmosphere, since after the occurrence of burning, emissions tend to increase due to the accumulated carbon. The objective of this study was to analyze the variation of the efflux of CO2 from the soil in areas with different fire histories in the Serra das Araras Ecological Station, in Porto Estrela-MT, in order to provide evidence about this important process in Cerrado areas. The study areas were subjected to experimental burning in 2018 and/or 2019 (two burnt areas per year) and maintained after these events, in a process of natural regeneration. The efflux was measured monthly between September 2018 and March 2020, with the aid of a portable infrared gas analyzer, coupled to a retention chamber (EGM-4). The experimental design consisted of measuring the CO2 efflux in 54 breathing collars, distributed among the six sampled areas, with three experimental areas parallel to three control areas. In each sampled area, a total of nine breathing collars were inserted, each allocated one of the nine central sub-plots. We measured the efflux of CO2 and recorded the seasonal variation in CO2 emissions between periods of drought and rain, pre and post experimental burning, with a climatic seasonality that influences the soil respiration process, and moisture is one of the major factors influence. The values presented did not follow the same seasonality in all areas, although in the first six months after the burning, we registered higher CO2 emissions resulting from underground respiration in the areas subjected to experimental burning. During the period studied, the efflux of CO2 from the soil was higher in the experimental areas compared to the control areas.
Teses
1
  • ANDERNICE DOS SANTOS ZANETTI ESPINOSA
  • “DIVERSIDADE E CARACTERIZAÇÃO MOLECULAR DE ENTEROPARASITAS EM DIFERENTES HOSPEDEIROS DOS BIOMAS MATO-GROSSENSES”

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 25/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “DIVERSIDADE E CARACTERIZAÇÃO MOLECULAR DE ENTEROPARASITAS EM DIFERENTES HOSPEDEIROS DOS BIOMAS MATO-GROSSENSES”

2
  • JOSIEL DORRIGUETTE DE OLIVEIRA
  • GEOENVIRONMENTAL UNITS, USE AND OCCUPATION OFEARTH, PEDOLOGICAL AND DYNAMIC COVERAGERIVER BASIN IN THE RIO BRANCO HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN,PANTANAL MATO-GROSSENSE TAXPAYER

  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 23/06/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Studying hydrographic basins allows us to understand the relationship between the environmental components (physical, biotic and anthropic) and the availability and water functioning, being a necessary instrument for preservation, mitigation and management of water resources. The purpose of this research was verify the environmental impacts arising from the occupation process, carry out the environmental characterization, analyze the fluvial dynamics in the hydrographic basin of the Branco River and compartmentalize the basin into geoenvironmental units. THE methodology consisted of six steps, namely: document analysis and bibliographic; interpretation of thematic maps; on-site visits; data collect in the field; laboratory analysis and data tabulation. In order to understand the colonization process, we resorted to document analysis and bibliographic reference; the associated environmental impacts were verified in the field; the geoenvironmental compartmentation was carried out having in first plan the morphology of the relief. To carry out the soil mapping, it was performed the morphological description of soils in 11 trenches and association with 13 profiles performed by previous studies; the hydrodynamic variables and the sediment transport was verified in 24 sections over a period of 18 months between January 2018 and June 2019. The thematic maps were generated with the aid of satellite images and secondary SEPLAN data and IBGE. The analyzes of bottom and soil sediments followed the methodology proposed by Embrapa (2017). To obtain the bathymetry, we used echobathimeter and, to measure the flow velocity, the reel was used fluviometric. In order to collect the suspended sediment, the bottle of Van Dorn and, for bottom sediments, the Van Veen dredger was used. THE occupation in the basin began in the 1960s, bringing with it associated impacts, such as the suppression of APPs, erosive processes, siltation of drainage channels, urban waste and sewage Restroom. In the soil mapping, the following coverages were defined Predominant pedological: Typical Dystrophic Red-Yellow Argisol; Haplic Cambisol Tb Dystrophic leptic; Typical Aluminum Haplic Gleysol; Argissolic Red Dystrophic Latosol; Red-Yellow Latosol Typical aluminum; Fragmentary dystrophic Litholic Neosol; Neosol Typical Orthic Quartzarenic; Leptic Orthic Quartzrenic Neosol; Nitossoil Typical Dystroferric Red; and typical Dystrophic Haplic Plintosol. The flow in the section XXIV – which is close to the exultation of the Rio Branco – varied between 4.28m3/s and 82.36m3/s, the solid load in suspension was between 14.51 and 715.52 t/day, turbidity was between 9.61 and 258 UTN, in the granulometric composition of bottom sediments, the fine sand fraction predominated. Four were defined Geoenvironmental Units (UG): GU-I comprises the plateau; the UG-II corresponds to mountains with slopes of up to 20%; UG-III covers the areas of mountains where the slope is greater than 20% and the UG-IV covers the areas where depression and river plains predominate. The study allowed us to understand the interaction and environmental dynamics, spatialization, mode of use and occupation of land and understand how the drainage network is established in the context of the Branco river basin and how the interaction of the biotic and abiotic interferes with the hydrodynamics of the channels.
3
  • SONIA APARECIDA BEATO XIMENES DE MELO
  • NATIONAL SOLID WASTE POLICY INSTATE OF MATO GROSSO: INCLUSIONSOCIO-PRODUCTION OF MATERIAL COLLECTORSRECYCLABLE

  • Orientador : SANDRO BENEDITO SGUAREZI
  • Data: 24/06/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The thesis aims to analyze the contradictions, limits, advances and possibilities of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS/2010) and its interface with the socio-productive inclusion of recyclable material collectors, in municipalities in the state of Mato Grosso. From the validity of the PNRS, Law Federal 12.305/2010, the implementation of public policies and plans for Integrated Solid Waste Management (PMGIRS) is a municipal responsibility. The legislator assigned, as a priority, to municipal entities, the contracting of self-managed projects of recyclable material collectors, formed by low-income people, for the system of collection, processing and sale of recyclable solid waste, aiming at inclusion productive and economic emancipation of these workers. This study problematizes: What are the contradictions, the limits, the advances and the possibilities of the PNRS/2010 in the socio-productive inclusion of waste pickers recyclable materials? This is a qualitative approach research descriptive; data collection through bibliographic and documentary review; field research with in-depth interview; and analysis technique of contents. It was evident that the participation of material collectors recyclables in the integrated solid waste management system contributes to reduction of environmental impacts and social inequalities. It's viable economically, as it generates income and empowerment and promotes satisfaction of human needs. Despite that, there are limitations, arising, for the most part, from the lack of resources earmarked for investments in integrated solid waste management policies. This happens, especially, to operate selective collection with the participation of Waste Pickers, with regard to structure, both of the municipalities, as well as of the associations and cooperatives. The precariousness of physical facilities, capital resources, technology and excessive state bureaucracy in the application of the legal framework. You municipalities with organized waste pickers are more likely to implement selective collection. It is essential that the PMGIRS define: ways to provide investments in environmental education with society; development of selective collection and recycling; and actions that contribute to the qualification technical and political and educational training of Waste Pickers.

4
  • THIAGO FERNANDES
  • PRIVATE MATERIAL EMITTED IN BURNS,
    WEATHER VARIABLES AND ILLNESS
    RESPIRATORY IN CHILDREN IN SOUTHEAST OF
    PARAENSE AMAZON

  • Data: 22/07/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • FERNANDES, T. Particulate material emitted in fires, variables
    meteorological events and respiratory illness in children in Southeastern Brazil.
    Pará Amazon. Thesis (Doctorate in Environmental Sciences) - CELBE - Center for
    Research in Limnology, Biodiversity, Pantanal Ethnobiology, University of
    State of Mato Grosso Carlos Alberto Reyes Maldonado. Cáceres-MT, p. 254. 20211.2
    .
    Introduction: Atmospheric pollutants with a diameter smaller than 2.5 µm given off from
    fires and the variability of meteorological elements are a major threat to
    public health; in addition to effectively converging for the occurrence of hospitalizations
    Hospitals for Respiratory System Diseases (RDD), especially in groups
    more predisposed like that of children. Objective: Investigate possible relationships between the
    number of hospital admissions for RSD in children under five years of age and the
    PM2.5 and meteorological variables, in the period from 2010 to 2019, in 39 municipalities that
    make up the Southeastern Mesoregion of Pará. Method: This is a descriptive study
    with an ecological time-series design of the association between the morbidities
    by DAR and fine particulate material (PM2.5) emitted in fires and attributes
    meteorological (precipitation, air temperature and relative humidity). The data
    epidemiological reports of admissions were obtained from the Hospital Information System of the
    SUS (SIH/SUS), made available by the SUS Department of Statistics
    (DATASUS). And the MP2.5 and meteorological data, in the information bank of the
    Environmental Information System Integrated to Environmental Health (SISAM) and the system
    National Institute of Meteorology (INMET). For the statistical analysis of the data, it was
    adjusted the negative binomial model to estimate the relationship between the variables,
    belonging to the class of Generalized Linear Models. However, a model
    mixed was implemented and adjusted for each Integration Region and municipalities, using
    a negative binomial distribution, adopting a significance level of 1%, with
    based on the R statistical platform. Results: Between 2010 and 2019, were recorded
    50,750 hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, and more than half of the cases
    attended (56%) were male. The year 2010 exhibited 13.8% of the grand total of
    hospitalizations. There was a higher frequency of hospitalizations in the rainy season (November to
    May) corresponding to 62% of the total registered cases. The air temperature (β3=-
    0.0143) and the relative humidity of the air (β4=0.0049) were the only explanatory variables
    who exposed relationships with the cases of hospitalizations. However, only the moisture
    exhibited a statistically positive relationship, indicating an increase in cases of hospitalization
    by respiratory diseases due to increased humidity. It is estimated that the number
    average of cases of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases increases approximately
    4% for every 10% increase in the mean relative humidity value, and decreases
    approximately 2% for every degree Celsius increase above the average temperature of the
    air. Conclusion: Wetter periods can lead to increased humidity,
    favoring fungal proliferation. This is the first study carried out for one of the
    mesoregions of the state of Pará. Therefore, to assess the risk of hospital admissions
    by respiratory diseases for the most predisposed population group due to
    variability of meteorological elements is an important step for planning
    and implementation of actions that go towards a better subjective well-being. You
    public health managers can use the benchmarked prediction model to prepare the
    health services to receive children in this age group with this morbidity.

5
  • MARISA REGINA KOHLER
  • WATER AND AGRIBUSINESS: IMPLICATIONS AND RISKS TOSUSTAINABILITY OF URBAN SUPPLY IN THE AMAZONNORTH MATO-GROSSENSE

  • Orientador : AUMERI CARLOS BAMPI
  • Data: 10/12/2021


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    Water must be considered as a common good that belongs to all human beings and all species existing on the planet. So, you can't deny access to safe drinking water for human consumption under penalty of violate the essential, fundamental and universal human right that determines the survival of people. The right to access water must be addressed with due importance and relevance by all and especially by the State. THE the northern region of Mato Grosso underwent changes in the configuration of its territory motivated by the expansion of the capitalist agricultural frontier. O agribusiness established itself in the most diverse areas of the region, a fact that made the State of Mato Grosso the largest grain producer in the country. This process propitiated population growth in cities, intensifying exploitation of water bodies to meet the demand for urban supply, a factor that affects the capture and distribution of water resources, compromising the rivers, streams, among others that form the hydrographic basins and sub-basins that supply the underground reservoirs. Against the backdrop of intense modification of biomes and degradations caused by the process of economic growth, there may be a decrease in the potential of sustainability regarding the urban water supply in the cities of the agribusiness. The study that is presented may support the understanding about the conflicting relationship between the development model implemented by the agribusiness (livestock and grain) and its implications and risks in issues concerning the possibilities of urban water deficit in the macro-regions to be researched. Searched
6
  • RAFAELLA FERREIRA NERES DE QUEIROZ
  • AVES DO CORREDOR ECOLÓGICO DO RIO PARAGUAI NO PANTANAL: O QUE OCORREU EM 10 ANOS?

  • Orientador : JOSUE RIBEIRO DA SILVA NUNES
  • Data: 21/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • AVES DO CORREDOR ECOLÓGICO DO RIO PARAGUAI NO PANTANAL: O QUE OCORREU EM 10 ANOS?

2020
Dissertações
1
  • DUARTE ANTONIO DE PAULA XAVIER GUERRA
  • TRAJECTORY AND WELL-LIFE OF THE YUDJÁ PEOPLE-XINGU INDIGENOUS TERRITORY, MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL.

  • Orientador : CAROLINA JOANA DA SILVA
  • Data: 14/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This research is part of the field of environmental sciences with a profile ethnographic, and its object of study is the population group belonging to the Yudjá (Juruna) ethnic group that today inhabits the Xingu Indigenous Park, in the State of Mato Grosso – Brazil. The objective of this work is to study the trajectory of this group that, in successive migrations after the first contacts with the national society since the days of colonial Brazil settled in the territory of current occupation, in the middle Xingu and with this to verify which factors dynamics involved in this trajectory, as well as the resilience demonstrated by this people. This study also aims to evaluate the way of life of the Yudjá belonging to this group and if, among their characteristic way of being and live, we can identify aspects related to the emerging concept of Well Living. Seeking to identify more objective parameters for this purpose, we carried out a search in the literature on Good Living and indigenous peoples of Brazil through tool called scientometrics, using the search strings ―Well Viver” and “Indigenous Peoples” in the main academic databases, which resulted in the selection of 24 works, in which we identified elements of the Live well. With the description of such elements of Good Living found among the Yudjá, the objective is to contribute to the strengthening of this people through the appreciation of their way of living and also provide data that can serve also to society as a whole, in the delicate period of facing the civilizational crisis in which we find ourselves. The data referring to the trajectory were researched in the literature and also through direct reports of the Yudjá contemporaries. The collection of data for this purpose, as well as for the scope of the work as a whole was through participant observation and record in field diaries, collected over nine years of work as a volunteer doctor through the Medical and Scientific Department and UDV Charity Department, supervising physician of the Mais Project Physicians for Brazil and professor of the Medicine Course at the Federal of Mato Grosso – Campus Sinop. The results we obtained in allow us to consider that the Yudjá people today resident in the limits of the Park Xingu Indigenous Peoples testify to the outstanding resilience that, over the course of years of vicissitudes, threats and a struggle to persevere, shaped his way of to be and to live, and today it is possible to verify among them elements of what called Good Living. The data obtained allow us to foresee that the people Yudjá has something to contribute with his lifestyle to our society, teaching with its simple, resilient and integrated way to its environment, a way of living well.

Teses
1
  • GERLANE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • THg CONCENTRATION IN ORGANS OF Megaceryle torquata AND Chloroceryleamazona ON THE JURUENA, TELES PIRES AND PARAGUAY RIVERS IN THE STATE OFMATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : MANOEL DOS SANTOS FILHO
  • Data: 26/11/2020


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  • The indiscriminate use and the increase in the release of mercury (Hg) to the environment has made this metal a global problem, being among the top three substances that pose a danger for the health of the environment. Of natural and anthropogenic origin, Hg has several physical forms. and chemicals that facilitate their distribution, biological enrichment and toxicity. the growing agricultural expansion, with deforestation and fires, endangers the integrity of the soil and promotes the release and re-emission of Hg to the atmosphere with subsequent deposition in soils and bodies of water, where it can undergo methylation and acquire its organic form, methylmercury (MeHg). With the potential to bioaccumulate and biomagnify in the trophic chain, MeHg reaches the waterfowl, top predators of the aquatic food chain. Searches around the world have been using this bird guild to study the dynamics and effects of this metal on health environmental. With the hypothesis that rmphotheca may demonstrate THg concentration levels (Total Mercury) accumulated over longer periods of time than organs usually used, we compared their concentrations with the concentrations of Hg in feathers from a species of European gull (Larus michahellis) and with two feathers, claws, muscle and liver Neotropical bird species (Megaceryle torquata and Chloroceryle amazon). With the objective to understand the dynamics of THg in the face of changes in land use and occupation, we analyzed THg concentrations in the organs of two species of kingfisher, Megaceryle torquata and Chloroceryle amazona, in the Juruena, Teles Pires and Paraguai rivers, with reading in the changes that have occurred in the landscape of the last 20 years. The results obtained showed that the rmphotheca is an efficient tool for the analysis of environmental contamination by Hg in water birds. The concentrations of THg in the organs of M. torquata, in descending order, were, rhamphotheca (3.00 µg/g) > feathers (2.95 µg/g) > claws (2.22 µg/g) > liver (1.21 µg/g) > muscle (0.70 µg/g) and for C. amazon, feathers (2.27 µg/g) > rmphotheca (1.92 µg/g) > claws (1.42 µg/g) > liver (0.47 µg/g) > muscle (0.46 µg/g). The species that best expressed the metal concentrations was C. amazon. The Pantanal area showed the lowest levels of THg in soil and inverse distribution behavior to soils in Amazonian areas, where, the Teles Pires river with the highest deforestation rate expressed the highest levels of THg in the soil and in the water and the smallest in the sediment. There was no strong correlation between the THg levels of the bird organs and abiotic variables (soil, sediment and water), which suggests that levels of Hg that will be bioavailable for the trophic chain are related to physical-chemical factors of the environment.

2
  • DJAIR SERGIO DE FREITAS JUNIOR
  • ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN THE STATE FISHERIES COUNCIL (CEPESCA) AND ECOTOURISM IN THE ESTADUAL PARK ENCONTRO DAS ÁGUAS NOPANTANAL MATO-GROSSENSE, BRAZIL

  • Orientador : CAROLINA JOANA DA SILVA
  • Data: 30/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Nature is capable of providing countless benefits to people through ecosystem services it provides. Fishing activity and ecotourism can play important roles in this context, as they combine sustainability, conservation and economic support, mainly for the local populations. One of the goals of scientific research is to make data available decision makers so that legislation can be improved in order to benefit the greatest number of people. The general objective of this thesis was characterize the interactions of social groups within CEPESCA and the ecotourism at the Encontro das Águas State Park, in the Pantanal. The results found in CEPESCA identified and categorized five sectors: Government, Tourism Businesses, Professional Fishermen, NGOs and Academia. THE Government had the largest number of institutions involved in the process participatory, followed by tourism, fishermen, NGOs and academia. The analyzes suggest the implementation of social learning processes, and the inclusion of marginalized groups, such as indigenous people, in order to improve the stakeholder balance of power. The PEEA, on the other hand, proved to be a factor of economic development for the region, with an average spending by visitors of US$ 693.00 per day, with the estimated economic impact of this visitation ranging from US$4.8 to US$13.5 million per year. The main reasons for visits were to observe wildlife in general (27%) and to the observation of jaguars (26%). There is what needs to be improved, and the infrastructure that houses tourists was the most cited point, however the trip to PEEA left 100% of the visitors satisfied, demonstrating that the local biodiversity manages to overlap the problems faced by them in other questions.

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