Dissertações/Teses

2022
Dissertações
1
  • TATIANE GOMES DE ALMEIDA
  • The impact of dengue in Mato Grosso and its environmental relations

  • Orientador : CLAUMIR CESAR MUNIZ
  • Data: 25/02/2022


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  • : Dengue is a viral disease whose causative agent is a virus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which uses water, not necessarily clean, to reproduce. This disease has become a serious public health problem, due to the difficulty in controlling the spread of this vector. Thus, alternative measures need to be studied to combat mosquito proliferation. This research sought to identify the relationship between the different degrees of environmental qualification and the occurrence of the vector A. aegypti; and to identify the relationship between the water dynamics of urban streams and the periods of vector infestation.This is an epidemiological and descriptive study of the incidence rate and mortality from dengue, seeking to correlate with rainfall, Human Development Index (IDH), Demographic Density and the Urban Cleaning Sustainability Index (ISLU). Predation experiments were also carried out under laboratory conditions using three fish species (Moenkhausia dichroura, Astyanax asuncionensis and Aequidens plagiozanatus), in which A. aegypti larvae were offered to the species to identify whether there would be predation; and, finally, an active search for Aedes aegypti was carried out in three urban streams in the city of Cáceres. Dengue incidence did not show a significant relationship with population density (R²= 0.0025; p=0.56), but it was related to rainfall (R²=0.0019; p<0.05). The month of January had the highest incidence (83.27/100 thousand inhabitants). A. plagiozanatus reached 97.4% of predation, while M. diehroura and A. asuncionensis showed similar behavior, reaching 64.52% and 54.92% of predation, respectively. Five vectors were captured in adult form at the river mouth of the Sangradouro stream and its banks, as well as 57 larvae in stages I, II, III and IV of A. aegypti i. Dengue fever revealed epidemic peaks with high incidence rates in Mato Grosso, not showing any relationship with Demographic Density, but expressing a significant relationship with rainfall. The Brazilian native fish showed competence as predators of Aedes aegypti larvae. In the urban stream Sangradouro, adult larvae and mosquitoes of the vector that transmit dengue were found.

     

     
2
  • JEFFERSON DOS SANTOS FUNARO
  • AVERAGE OF THE HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN OF CÓRREGO PIRAPUTANGAS, IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF CÁCERES - MT: LAND USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 09/03/2022


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    The forms of use and occupation contribute to environmental degradation processes, especially those related to water resources. The study aimed to identify the categories of land use and assess environmental conditions in the river channel in the middle course of the Piraputangas stream hydrographic basin , in the municipality of Cáceres in the state of Mato Grosso. Methodological procedures: preparation of the land use and land cover map using the ArcGis software, using the vector database at a scale of 1:250,000 from the IBGE download portal, available on the site's geosciences menu; informal interview and observation, application of the Rapid Assessment protocol (Pars), was applied in three cross sections in the middle course of the hydrographic basin, the Piraputanga stream. The use and land cover of the middle of the Piraputanga stream hydrographic basin, according to the mapping, is distributed as follows: preserved areas, forest formations (33.20%), Savânica Formation (10.08%), Campo Alagado and Area Pantanosa (0, 02%) and Campestre Formation (3.59%). Areas with human activities are: planted forest (0.10%), pasture (51.99%), sugar cane (0.27%) and other temporary crops (0.66%). Section I presented the best preservation conditions, was evaluated as natural, obtaining 83 points. In sections II and III, major changes in the characteristics of the bed and the level of environmental impacts resulting from human activities were registered. With the respective scores, section II 47 points and section III 50 points, considered altered. Rapid River Assessment Protocols (PAR) are effective in assessing the conditions of surface water systems.
3
  • KARLA CAROLINE DOS SANTOS PEREIRA
  • “Ethnobotanical study in religionsof Afro-Brazilian mothers in the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso, from the perspective ofWell live”

  • Data: 01/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “Ethnobotanical study in religionsof Afro-Brazilian mothers in the city of Cáceres, Mato Grosso, from the perspective ofWell live”

4
  • Igor Neves de Oliveira
  • Exposure of the population residing in the Brazilian Amazon to the poor quality ofatmospheric air

  • Orientador : ELIANE IGNOTTI
  • Data: 20/04/2022


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  • Exposure of the population residing in the Brazilian Amazon to the poor quality ofatmospheric air

5
  • ANA CAMILLA IGNACIO DOS SANTOS
  • IMPACTS CAUSED BY PATHOGENIC AGENTS OF DOMESTIC DOGS ON THE WILD SPECIES Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) (CARNIVORA, CANIDAE) IN THE SERRA DAS ARARAS ECOLOGICAL STATION AND ITS SURROUNDINGS

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 09/05/2022


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  • The species Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) is widespread over a large part of the South American territory, in Brazil its record occurs in large part, except in the Amazon. It is a common species in the Cerrado biome, as it adapts to anthropized and peri-urban environments. Anthropogenic areas bring the populations of wild animals closer to the domestic ones, allowing the transmission of parasites. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in the populations of domestic and wild canids, as well as the possibility of cross-contamination. For the capture of Cerdocyon thous, 10 folding Tomahawk traps were installed, measuring 115 x 55 x 60. As bait, pieces of chickens placed at the bottom of the traps were used. Biological material. In relation to domestic dogs, a questionnaire was applied to the owners of the animals regarding their life habits and the collection of biological material was carried out without the need for sedation. The samples were properly packaged and kept refrigerated until further analysis in the laboratory. The results obtained in the stool samples, according to Hoffman (1934) were positive for several parasites in domestic dogs with frequency of occurrence for Blastocystis sp. 60%, Trichuris vulpis 10%, Dipylidium caninum 10%, Hookworm 20%, Giardia lamblia 20% and Sarcocystis sp. 20%. For C. thous, the frequency of occurrence of mite eggs was 28.57%, Hookworm 42.85%, Blastocystis sp. 28.57%, Trichuris vulpis 14.28%. With the FAUST technique, parasites of domestic dogs were observed with frequency of occurrence for Blastocystis sp. of 30% and Sarcocystis sp. 10%. For C. thous with a frequency of occurrence of Hookworm 42.85%, Blastocystis sp. 57.14%, Trichuris vulpis 14, 28% and Capillaria sp. 14.28%. Blood samples from domestic and wild canids were subjected to Reverse Transcription followed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) to investigate pathogens (Anaplasma sp., Babesia sp., Erlichia canis, Erlichia sp, Hepatozon sp., Leishmania sp. and Trypanosoma sp and CDV). The results showed that 50% of samples from domestic dogs were positive for Anaplasma sp., 60% for Babesia sp., 30% for Erlichia canis and 20% for Erlichia sp. However, they were negative for the antigens Hepatozon sp., Leishmania sp., Trypanosoma sp. and CDV. For C. thous all samples had negative reactions for all genotypes analyzed. Serology for distemper antibody detection (rapid test kit) in serum samples from domestic and wild dogs revealed that 80% of the samples were reactive for domestic dogs and none for C. thous. The frequency of occurrence of parasites in the feces and the presence of pathogens of infectious diseases in the blood of domestic dogs can characterize a threat to wild dogs present in the Conservation Unit that have direct contact between them, as they have free transit between the Conservation Unit. and the surrounding areas. Considering that the home range of C. thous can reach more than 7 km2, which overlaps 60% of the sampled domestic dogs, this way it can contaminate not only the C. thous object of this study, but also Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned wolf), Lycalopex vetulus (field fox) and Speothos venaticus (vinegar dog), as well as the feline species present in the area. For example, Blastocystis sp. was present in both species, which may demonstrate the contact between the animals. Preservation measures imply a work of sensitization of some residents who own domestic dogs, related to the vaccination and deworming of these animals. Thus, we emphasize that the combination of analysis techniques seeking to identify pathogens and parasites that affect diseases in domestic and wild canids, in addition to the mode of contagion, is essential to propose measures for the conservation of wild fauna.

6
  • RITHIELY CONCEIÇÃO SILVA
  • Selection of honey from Cáceres (Brazil) with indication of mechanism of action against Enterococcus faecalis

  • Orientador : CARLA GALBIATI
  • Data: 26/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This study evaluated the antibacterial activity of honey and fractions from Apis mellifera and the indicative mechanism of action of membrane permeability in combination with antibiotics. The honeys evaluated from the municipalities the state of Mato Grosso such as Cáceres (honey 1 and 2), Barra do Garças (honey 3), Nossa Senhora do Livramento (honey 4) and Sinop (honey 5). These honeys have higher phenolic content, antioxidant and antibacterial activity compared to others in the state, studied by the Laboratory of the Center for the Study of Beekeeping (CETApis). The five fresh honeys and their fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol) were evaluated for inhibition of the growth of Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Helicobacter pylori bacteria. The antibacterial activity was verified by microdilution in broth method, with serial dilution from 1000 to 1.95 μg/mL. The indicative of membrane permeability was investigated by microdilution in broth method, combining honey or fractions in serial concentrations of 80 to 0.2 mg/mL with the antibiotic (clarithromycin/erythromycin) in a concentration of 20 to 0.04 μg/mL, such as checkboard. Honeys and their fractions had no antibacterial activity up to a concentration of 1000 ug/mL. Honey 1 and its N-butanol fraction had an effect on membrane permeability for gram positive bacteria E. faecalis. Honeys and fractions had no effect on the membrane permeability of S. epidermidis. It is concluded that honey 1 from Cáceres are promising to enhance the antibacterial activity of the antibiotic linked to membrane permeability and flavonoid action.

Teses
1
  • MAIARA THAISA OLIVEIRA RABELO
  • UPPER PARAGUAY BASIN WATER RESOURCES PLAN: GOVERNANCE UNDER CONSTRUCTION

  • Orientador : CAROLINA JOANA DA SILVA
  • Data: 22/02/2022


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  •  

    This work deals with the management and planning of water resources in the hydrographic region of Paraguay. The importance of the hydrographic region of Paraguay, especially for including in its area the largest continuous floodplain in the world, National Heritage, site designated by the RAMSAR Wetlands Convention and Biosphere Reserve, the Pantanal Mato-grossense, explains the great interest that awakens in Brazil and in the world. Given such importance, this plan must consider all the multiple uses and users of water present in the region. Note, however, the lack of the human element, as well as the fishing and tourism segments in this document. On the other hand, these segments and others participated in workshops to prepare the document, although there are no previous studies to identify all interest groups, their demands and possible conflicts. For this reason, the objective of this paper is to analyze the planning, participatory management and governance of water resources in the Hydrographic Region of Paraguay in the context of the construction and implementation of the Water Resources Plan.
2
  • JOSE ALDAIR PINHEIRO
  • “ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY OF THE TERRANOVA COLONIZATION PROJECT: needs and possibilities of Environmental Education in the Northern Mato-Grossense Amazon in transformation”.

  • Orientador : AUMERI CARLOS BAMPI
  • Data: 04/03/2022


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  •  

    This thesis addresses the Environmental History of the Terranova Colonization Project located in the municipalities of Terra Nova do Norte and Nova Guarita in the far north of Mato Grosso. The approach portrays the historical and current configuration regarding the relationship of this society with nature in its places of life. The Terranova Colonization Project is a process of reoccupation of this territory, via Official Colonization of the military government implemented in 1978 through INCRA and Cooperativa Coopercana. In this Project, landless peasant families who illegally occupied indigenous reserves in the upper Uruguay region were settled, where they lived in a situation of conflict over land tenure. From the focus of Environmental History, the central issue of the thesis sought to answer the following questions: What social and environmental conditions led/motivated southerners in the Alto Uruguai/RS region to accept the proposal to migrate to the Terranova Colonization Project in the North of Mato Grosso ?How was the process of appropriation and use of nature taking place, in view of the socio-environmental crisis currently experienced by peasants in the research study area? The objective of the research is to analyze the relationship between society and nature, represented by the peasants and the Terranova Project, from the perspective of Environmental History, to face and overcome the challenges of the local socio-environmental crisis through the possibilities offered by environmental education. study is based on qualitative research. In this perspective and in order to contemplate the outlined objectives and answer the thesis questions, the dialectical method for the scientific approach to research was defined. As for the procedures and techniques of data collection, we used, first, the bibliographical and documental research. Then, for field data, we used participant observation, field notebook and semi-structured interviews based on methods of oral history of lives and comprehensive interview. Participating interlocutors are peasants remaining in rural plots since the beginning of the Project. The results show that the creation and implementation of the Terranova Project disregarded the Krenakarore indigenous people, who inhabited this territory. It also disregarded the socio-environmental reality of migrant peasants in their life trajectories and the migration to the Amazon biome without any preparation or knowledge of the local ecosystem. The development of the Terranova Project reproduced the southern ethos of civilizing deforestation based on the exploitation of natural resources and the production of raw materials for national and international markets. In the reoccupation process, a development model based on the exploitation of natural resources was implemented, in which peasant families were inserted and conceived as small production units for the national and international market. Consequently, this generated profound impacts and transformations in the environment, leading to a local socio-environmental crisis that imposes on this society the search for alternatives to face the crisis and the construction of a more sustainable collective life.
3
  • MAIRA LUIZA SPANHOLI
  • “Environmental economic valuation: benefits obtained by Mato Grosso in environmental conservation”

  • Data: 29/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “Environmental economic valuation: benefits obtained by Mato Grosso in environmental conservation”

4
  • MARCOS DOS SANTOS
  • THE MORPHOSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS AND THE USE ANDLAND OCCUPATION IN THE CÓRREGO HYDROGRAPHIC BASINCACHOEIRINHA, MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 20/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This research was carried out in the hydrographic basin of the Cachoeirinha stream, located in the municipality of Cáceres, Mato Grosso. The objective was to study the environmental characteristics, soil units, different types of land use, the weaknesses of the environment and the morphometry of the Cachoeirinha stream. At methodologies focused on conceptual review; delimitation of the basin area; characterization of environmental elements; creation of the cartographic base; compartmentation of the basin in high, medium and low courses; classification of areas with environmental fragility, according to Ross (1994); characterization of units pedological; survey of the drainage network; laboratory analysis; activities of field and discussion of results. The first chapter covers the features environmental impacts of the basin. The results showed that the regional climate is Aw. Nonetheless, the different altitudes incur in the Tropical Altitude Mesothermal Hot climates of the Southern Facade of Chapadas and Planaltos and the Tropical Megathermal Sub- Humidity of the Depressions and Pantanals of Mato Grosso. Geology comprises the Raizama Formations, Araras, Sepotuba, Milling, Holocenic Alluvium, Colluvium Pleistocene and Holocene Terraces. Geomorphology presents the Province Serrana, the Upper Paraguay Depression and the Paraguay River Plain and coverage Predominant vegetable is of the Savanna type. The second chapter presents the units pedological with typical characteristics of higher altitudes and flat relief, such as example, oxisols. The third chapter refers to the use and occupation of land, which began during the 18th century with agricultural and extractive activities in subsistence. From the nineteenth century, with the arrival of immigrants, there was the insertion of mechanized agriculture, initiating social conflicts, deforestation of large areas, fires, use of pesticides, erosion and soil compaction, among others impacts. Currently, 63% of the basin is covered by Cerrado vegetation, 34.52% it is occupied by pasture and 1.68% by grain monoculture. the fourth chapter presents the areas with environmental fragility. 47.22% is very fragile strong in the Serrana Province. The lowest index is found in the valleys of the Depression of the Upper Paraguay and the Paraguay River Plain. In relation to the climate, the strong fragility was in the domain area of the Tropical Climate of Altitude Mesothermal Quente da Fachada South of Chapadas and Plateaus. The typical eutrophic Tb Fluvic Neosol and the Eutrophic Litholic Neosol showed very strong fragility and weak fragility the Oxisols. 62.94% of the basin has weak and very weak environmental fragility, where there is vegetation cover. The fifth chapter exposes bathymetry and morphometry. The results showed that geomorphology created the flow pattern exorreic and parallel drainage. The drainage density was 0.52 km/km², of channels 0.10 channels/km², highest flow in S-IV, greatest depth in S-VI, sharpest speed on the S-IV, the wet area on the S-VI and the highest load of sediments in the flood period in S-VII. The completion of this study was essential for the knowledge of the natural and social structure of the basin, in order to guide actions that aim at the management and development of environmentally correct actions

2021
Dissertações
1
  • ALEXANDRE FORGIARINI BASTOS ANICETO
  • Evaluation of ecological restoration techniques with speciesnative in an area of degraded springs in the PantanalMato Grosso.

  • Orientador : SOLANGE KIMIE IKEDA CASTRILLON
  • Data: 06/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of this work was to evaluate different techniques of direct seeding (in holes and the haul), as well as to identify the influence of litter transposition after sowing, to emergence and establishment of native species in ecological restoration work in a area of degraded springs in the municipality of Cáceres-MT. In the experiment presented here two direct sowing techniques (in holes and by broadcast) were analyzed in two different environments. (with and without litter transposition), using three species of native plants, (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., Sterculia apetala (Jaqc.) H. Karst., Vochysya divergens Pohl.), in a factorial scheme (2x2) in a degraded spring area. Being four treatments: T1 direct seeding in holes, T2 direct seeding in holes with litter, T3 seeding direct seeding by broadcast and T4 direct seeding by broadcast with litter, with eight replications each. THE emergency, establishment were monitored for three months and had height, collar diameter and number of leaves for ten months. For the species S. apetala, the best treatment was T2, obtaining better values in all parameters analyzed in this experiment. For the species J. cuspidifolia T4 was more efficient for the percentage of emergency, establishment, emergency speed index, average emergency time, for the average height and diameter of the collar, number of leaves and survival rate, T3 proved to be more promising. For the species V. divergens the treatment that obtained the best values in all parameters analyzed in the experiment was T4. Large seeds have better germination and emergence rates in the field, using the sowing technique direct, when compared with small seeds, The litter transposed after sowing direct influence positively on emergence, establishment and provided plants with greater vigor at the end of the experiment. Showing to be a possibility to improve the chances emergence and establishment of species with small seeds, used in forest recovery. Thus, we consider that the use of litter transposition can be one of the efficient auxiliary methods in ecological restoration.

2
  • SARAH CAVALARI LADEIA
  • THE USE OF ATTRACTIVE PLANT STRIPS FOR THE CONSERVATION OFPOLLINATORS AND NATURAL ENEMIES IN TOMATO AND AUBERJEL CROPS

  • Orientador : CARLA GALBIATI
  • Data: 28/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Habitat management in agricultural landscapes to include species diversity of flowering plants are important to increase or maintain functions. multiple, such as pollination and biological control. Given the above, the The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of attractive flowers on the insect regulation environmental services (pollination and biological control) in two nightshade species, the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). The dissertation study was divided into two articles: the first article was carried out in commercial tomatoes (6200 m²) in the municipality of São José dos Quatro Marcos (Mato Grosso, Brazil). the design experimental was completely randomized with 15 plots of 5 x 4 meters, consisting of 16 tomato plants, with two treatments 1) tomato without strip of attractive flowers (control); 2) tomato striped with attractive flowers of coriander and sorghum. The sampling of pollinating insects and natural enemies was performed with Bee bowls trap and active collection for 8 days at flowering for coriander and 8 days for sorghum. Tomato production was verified by weight of the fruits of 8 plants/plot. Data were analyzed by t-test for compare the richness and abundance of insects between treatments. The production of tomato was analyzed by multiple regression to verify the effect of treatments (x1), insect diversity (x2) and x1:x2 interaction. THE abundance of natural enemies was greater in tomatoes with attractive stripes with flowers of coriander (p = 0.03) and the richness of pollinators was higher in striped tomato of sorghum flowers (p=0.05). The effect of the two bands of flowers intercropping (cilantro + sorghum) increased the total abundance of enemies by three times natural (IN) in tomato with flower bands (p= 0.04). Tomato production does not responded to the use of attractive flower bands and insect diversity. O second article was carried out in eggplant plantation (2320 m2 ) in the municipality of Cáceres (Mato Grosso, Brazil). The sample design was entirely randomized design consisting of 2 treatments, control (eggplant without attractive flowers, plots) and eggplant + sorghum flower strip with 5 repetitions and the total of 10 installments. For sampling of beneficial insects, the same methodology as the first article. Tomato production was verified by fruit weight, size (cm), diameter and number of fruits in 10 plants/plot. Statistical analyzes were the same used in the first article. Both in the evaluation of natural enemies and in pollinators a richness and abundance were greater in the plots that contained flower bands sorghum attractants. Eggplant production in fruit size was favored by the abundance of natural enemies and number of fruits by the method of open pollination. Thus, the planting of attractive flower strips of coriander and sorghum in tomato and sorghum in eggplant has the potential to favor the increase in biological control and pollination services.

3
  • TATIANE AMORIM DE MATOS
  • "PROFILESOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL AGE OF ELDERLY IN A REGION OF THE MATOGROSSENSE PANTANAL: ASTUDY OF ENDOPARASITOSES"

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 18/07/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • As the natural aging process, the elderly presents changes morphophysiological and immunological leaving the most susceptible to various ooinfections parasitic. Endoparasitosis is a public health problem in Brazil, showing variations according to basic sanitation conditions, level socioeconomic status, level of education, age and hygiene habits, among others variables. The general objective of this work was to analyze the prevalence of endoparasites in seniors who attend the Living Center and seniors and employees of the Long-stay institution in the city of Cáceres-MT. The samples were analyzed using three laboratory techniques, namely: Hoffmann, Ritchie and modified Safranina staining technique in the Parasitic Biology laboratory at Mato Grosso State University (UNEMAT). The prevalence of parasites intestinal were: among the elderly of the Living Center (46.98%), elderly of the Long-stay Institution (83.33%) and employees (84.61%). You endoparasites Cryptosporidium sp., Cyclospora sp. and Giardia lamblia were the most prevalent, with 22%, 19% and 18%, respectively. This study also evaluated the sociodemographic characteristics and personal hygiene habits of the elderly at the Center Coexistence and ILP employees. The results suggested a condition epidemiological concern of the elderly population of the ILP because the high rates of prevalence in both the elderly and employees show the high risk of infection and reinfection in this environment and shows the need for programs educational awareness of hygienic practices and primary health care of the elderly population in these institutions.

4
  • BRUNA DOS SANTOS FRANÇA
  • STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF PERIPHETIC ALGAE INMATO-GROSSENSE PANTANAL: BIOINDICATOR POTENTIALENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

  • Data: 04/09/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Ecological studies relating to periphyton, particularly in ecosystems Brazilian tropical waters are important tools for knowledge of biotic integrity and assist in the development of diagnoses of causes of environmental problems, being used for example as an indicator of water quality and its trophic state. This work aimed to analyze the structure and dynamics of periphytic algae at different scales temporal and spatial in Pantanal, Brazil. The periphytic algae community was evaluated on natural substrates (aquatic macrophytes) in a flood area tropical, specifically in the Taiamã Ecological Station, which is located in the Upper Paraguay River Basin, Pantanal Mato Grosso. In the first approach, the dynamics of taxonomic and functional diversity of diatoms from environmental filters and the contribution of diversity functional in tropical wetland. We found a significant variation between functional traits of communities in different hydrological periods (flood, ebb, drought and flood) and a replacement of species between years (taxonomic diversity), without the community losing its characteristic functional in each phase of the flood pulse, so we indicate the importance of determination of functional traits in floodplains. On Monday approach, the potential for mercury (Hg) methylation in the radicial periphyton of three species of aquatic macrophytes: Paspalun repens P.J. Bergious, Salvinia auriculata Aubl., Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms in relation to the trophic index of the peripheral community in a flood area tropical. The primary productions of methylmercury in the periphyton associated with roots of the macrophytes under study varied between species, in addition to verified a decrease in the primary production of methylmercury as the increase in the trophic index, which indicates the influence of primary producers in the periphyton on mercury methylation rates in macrophyte rhizomes. We conclude that the results of this study contribute to data formation about the periphytic community and its ecological interactions, which can serve as references for interventions aimed at managing the Pantanal system, as in the use of its water resources, as the dynamics of the community are regulated by environmental conditions and your knowledge can help in assessment of the quality of aquatic ecosystems.

5
  • RAQUEL SANTOS BATISTA
  • BENTONIC MACROINVERTEBRATES AS BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN THE NORTH PANTANAL, CÁCERES-MT, BRAZIL.

  • Orientador : ERNANDES SOBREIRA OLIVEIRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 07/09/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Aquatic invertebrates are of great ecological importance in freshwater environments, participating decisively in the processes of fragmentation and decomposition of organic matter. The identification of the aquatic macrofauna is quite approximately in determining the environmental quality through the use of biomonitoring indices. Researchers and companies from all over the world have used macroinvertebrates as pieces for environmental qualification because they are considered good biological indicators, due to their sensitivity they respond to environmental variations, which, according to the families present there, receive a note that serves for the creation and adaptation of environmental quality biomonitoring indexes. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the biodiversity of benthic macroinvertebrates in environments with different degrees of anthropization, as well as to qualify their efficiency and suitability of biotic indexes of assessment in tropical humid areas. The first work was carried out a scientometric review of scientific articles indexed in the Scopus, ScienceDirect and Scielo databases in an interval from 2000 to 2020; the second article deals with the description of the community's diversity using environmental quality indicators. The results of the research in scientometric analysis showed a scientific production of 314 articles, among which 60 biotic indexes were addressed. Among these, EPT (Ephemeroroptera, Plecoptera and Trichopter) was the most used in scientific research. Among the indexes found, the only one that showed a trend of use for the coming years was the ASPT (Average Score Per Taxon). The studied indices represent water monitoring options that, with adaptations, can be used in different climates and hydrographic basins in the world, carried out in eight locations (Paraguay River, urban streams, Caramujo streams, water ponds and Taiamã Ecological Station (UC- Campo, UC- Rio Paraguai and UC- Rio Bracinho,). Macroinvertebrates were samples using a Van Veen dredge and at the Laboratory, families were analyzed and identified. To take data on the limnological variables, a multiparametric probe was used in addition to the samples of water for the analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus. The macrofauna was represented by 2.210 individuals and the greatest abundance was found in more preserved places, there were positive and statistically significant relationships for dissolved oxygen, water temperature and rapid assessment protocol-RAP with the density of the organisms (ind/m²). The results showed that the indexes EPT and IBF (Benthic Family Index) were the best that match the reality of the environments, corresponding to the results of the RAP. The principal component analysis (PCA) characterized each environment with distinct variables. We can conclude that, for a more robust characterization of aquatic environments, it is necessary to apply several biotic indices together with the physical and chemical variables, thus strengthening the monitoring of environmental quality as well as the creation of biological indexes.

6
  • MICHELLE DO ESPIRITO SANTO BERTOLINO
  • “Brycon hilarii diet and its role in conserving flooded forests in a Conservation Unit”

  • Orientador : CLAUMIR CESAR MUNIZ
  • Data: 15/10/2021


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  • Tipos de tradução

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    Resultados de tradução

    Studies related to fish diet contribute to the knowledge of biology species, in addition to assisting in the investigation of trophic ecology, competition and fish predation. In the Pantanal, there are signs of anthropization in the environments, which affect mainly fish populations, including bare in environments natural that can cause exaggerated caloric gain, being harmful to health of fish. The objective of this work, divided into 2 chapters, was to analyze the diet of Brycon hilarii (Valenciennes, 1850), during the four hydrological periods, verifying the ecological relationships of the specimens collected in the stretches of Rio Paraguay/Porto Estrela, Sepotuba River and Taiamã Ecological Station (EET). Was sampled a total of 558 copies in monthly campaigns, during the four periods of the hydrological cycle in the year 2013 to 2015 for article 1 and in the year 2019 to 2020 for article 2. The specimens were captured with bamboo poles, hook, line of different measures and natural baits. Then packed in boxes and sent to the laboratory, where the data were measured biometrics and stomachs removed for analysis. The results of the first article, show that Erythrina fusca Lour. (zucchini), is the main food item of the diet of B. hilarii. During the flood an IAi of 95% was observed and during the flood 60%. In addition, B. hilarii proved to be an expert in feeding on E. fusca during the flood, being a generalist during periods of flood, ebb and drought. At the second article, the results show that the diet of B. hilarii is based on corn and soy, in the stretches of the Paraguai/Porto Estrela and Sepotuba rivers, in the TSE, the diet consists of insects, dissolved material and plant debris. Thus, we conclude that the hydrological periods provide a marked diversification in the supply of items food. However, due to the monodominance of E. fusca in the TSE, there was a greater availability of this item in your diet. In the second article, B. hilarii can be concluded that B. hilarii shows itself as an opportunist-specialist, which means that, in the presence of barley, has a preference for this item, which causes a disruption in their trophic relationship.
7
  • SEBASTIÃO LEMES
  • “Composition, Structure and Dynamics of the Tree Community in Forests at the Serra das Araras Ecological Station, Mato Grosso, Brazil”

  • Orientador : MARIA ANTONIA CARNIELLO
  • Data: 29/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Studies on dynamics are important for us to understand the characteristics and structure of a plant community. The forest dynamics is a process by which the forest remains balanced, contributing with important characteristics of the plant community maintaining the structure and composition over the years. The current state of a forest environment is resulting from the interactions of various processes, growth, mortality and the regeneration. This work aimed to evaluate the composition, structure and dynamics of the arboreal component in areas of forest formation in two hectares in the Serra das Araras Ecological Station (Esec da Serra das Araras. Data from two censuses (2016 and 2019) were used, in two parcels 100 X 100 m permanent standings designated ESA-02 and ESA-03. The criterion of inclusion was a diameter ≥ 10 cm at a height of 1.30 m from the ground. the descriptors phytosociologicals used were: relative density, relative frequency, relative dominance and importance value. For floristic diversity, Shannon-Wiener (H’) and Pielou (J’) were used. to compare the data of diameter, height, basal area and number of trees between the censuses we used t-test. For this community, the succession classes were analyzed. ecological. In 2016, 694 individuals, 109 species, 79 were cataloged. genera and 39 families. In 2019 in the same areas 614 individuals, 104 species, 78 genera and 38 families. The diametric structure of the ESA-02 is more heterogeneous than ESA-03. In the basal area for ESA-02 and ESA-03 there was an average gain of one census to another. Mortality occurred in individuals who presented larger diameter. The present study allows us to infer that the forest remains balanced, contributing important characteristics of the plant community maintaining the structure and composition over the years and keeping the current state of a forest environment that results from the interactions of several processes in particular growth, plant mortality.

8
  • VALERIA LUCELIA DE OLIVEIRA CORREA
  • Underground carbon dynamics in the Cerrado stricto sensu of the Ecological Stationof Serra das Araras, under different fire histories

  • Data: 30/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    The soil is one of the largest carbon reservoirs in the ecosystem, knowing its dynamics, as well as quantifying the efflux of CO2 into the atmosphere, allows not only to carry out carbon sequestration calculations for that ecosystem, but also helps in decision making in an attempt to mitigate the high concentrations of this gas in the atmosphere, since after the occurrence of burning, emissions tend to increase due to the accumulated carbon. The objective of this study was to analyze the variation of the efflux of CO2 from the soil in areas with different fire histories in the Serra das Araras Ecological Station, in Porto Estrela-MT, in order to provide evidence about this important process in Cerrado areas. The study areas were subjected to experimental burning in 2018 and/or 2019 (two burnt areas per year) and maintained after these events, in a process of natural regeneration. The efflux was measured monthly between September 2018 and March 2020, with the aid of a portable infrared gas analyzer, coupled to a retention chamber (EGM-4). The experimental design consisted of measuring the CO2 efflux in 54 breathing collars, distributed among the six sampled areas, with three experimental areas parallel to three control areas. In each sampled area, a total of nine breathing collars were inserted, each allocated one of the nine central sub-plots. We measured the efflux of CO2 and recorded the seasonal variation in CO2 emissions between periods of drought and rain, pre and post experimental burning, with a climatic seasonality that influences the soil respiration process, and moisture is one of the major factors influence. The values presented did not follow the same seasonality in all areas, although in the first six months after the burning, we registered higher CO2 emissions resulting from underground respiration in the areas subjected to experimental burning. During the period studied, the efflux of CO2 from the soil was higher in the experimental areas compared to the control areas.
Teses
1
  • ANDERNICE DOS SANTOS ZANETTI ESPINOSA
  • “DIVERSIDADE E CARACTERIZAÇÃO MOLECULAR DE ENTEROPARASITAS EM DIFERENTES HOSPEDEIROS DOS BIOMAS MATO-GROSSENSES”

  • Orientador : ANTONIO FRANCISCO MALHEIROS
  • Data: 25/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • “DIVERSIDADE E CARACTERIZAÇÃO MOLECULAR DE ENTEROPARASITAS EM DIFERENTES HOSPEDEIROS DOS BIOMAS MATO-GROSSENSES”

2
  • JOSIEL DORRIGUETTE DE OLIVEIRA
  • GEOENVIRONMENTAL UNITS, USE AND OCCUPATION OFEARTH, PEDOLOGICAL AND DYNAMIC COVERAGERIVER BASIN IN THE RIO BRANCO HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN,PANTANAL MATO-GROSSENSE TAXPAYER

  • Orientador : CELIA ALVES DE SOUZA
  • Data: 23/06/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Studying hydrographic basins allows us to understand the relationship between the environmental components (physical, biotic and anthropic) and the availability and water functioning, being a necessary instrument for preservation, mitigation and management of water resources. The purpose of this research was verify the environmental impacts arising from the occupation process, carry out the environmental characterization, analyze the fluvial dynamics in the hydrographic basin of the Branco River and compartmentalize the basin into geoenvironmental units. THE methodology consisted of six steps, namely: document analysis and bibliographic; interpretation of thematic maps; on-site visits; data collect in the field; laboratory analysis and data tabulation. In order to understand the colonization process, we resorted to document analysis and bibliographic reference; the associated environmental impacts were verified in the field; the geoenvironmental compartmentation was carried out having in first plan the morphology of the relief. To carry out the soil mapping, it was performed the morphological description of soils in 11 trenches and association with 13 profiles performed by previous studies; the hydrodynamic variables and the sediment transport was verified in 24 sections over a period of 18 months between January 2018 and June 2019. The thematic maps were generated with the aid of satellite images and secondary SEPLAN data and IBGE. The analyzes of bottom and soil sediments followed the methodology proposed by Embrapa (2017). To obtain the bathymetry, we used echobathimeter and, to measure the flow velocity, the reel was used fluviometric. In order to collect the suspended sediment, the bottle of Van Dorn and, for bottom sediments, the Van Veen dredger was used. THE occupation in the basin began in the 1960s, bringing with it associated impacts, such as the suppression of APPs, erosive processes, siltation of drainage channels, urban waste and sewage Restroom. In the soil mapping, the following coverages were defined Predominant pedological: Typical Dystrophic Red-Yellow Argisol; Haplic Cambisol Tb Dystrophic leptic; Typical Aluminum Haplic Gleysol; Argissolic Red Dystrophic Latosol; Red-Yellow Latosol Typical aluminum; Fragmentary dystrophic Litholic Neosol; Neosol Typical Orthic Quartzarenic; Leptic Orthic Quartzrenic Neosol; Nitossoil Typical Dystroferric Red; and typical Dystrophic Haplic Plintosol. The flow in the section XXIV – which is close to the exultation of the Rio Branco – varied between 4.28m3/s and 82.36m3/s, the solid load in suspension was between 14.51 and 715.52 t/day, turbidity was between 9.61 and 258 UTN, in the granulometric composition of bottom sediments, the fine sand fraction predominated. Four were defined Geoenvironmental Units (UG): GU-I comprises the plateau; the UG-II corresponds to mountains with slopes of up to 20%; UG-III covers the areas of mountains where the slope is greater than 20% and the UG-IV covers the areas where depression and river plains predominate. The study allowed us to understand the interaction and environmental dynamics, spatialization, mode of use and occupation of land and understand how the drainage network is established in the context of the Branco river basin and how the interaction of the biotic and abiotic interferes with the hydrodynamics of the channels.
3
  • SONIA APARECIDA BEATO XIMENES DE MELO
  • NATIONAL SOLID WASTE POLICY INSTATE OF MATO GROSSO: INCLUSIONSOCIO-PRODUCTION OF MATERIAL COLLECTORSRECYCLABLE

  • Orientador : SANDRO BENEDITO SGUAREZI
  • Data: 24/06/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The thesis aims to analyze the contradictions, limits, advances and possibilities of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS/2010) and its interface with the socio-productive inclusion of recyclable material collectors, in municipalities in the state of Mato Grosso. From the validity of the PNRS, Law Federal 12.305/2010, the implementation of public policies and plans for Integrated Solid Waste Management (PMGIRS) is a municipal responsibility. The legislator assigned, as a priority, to municipal entities, the contracting of self-managed projects of recyclable material collectors, formed by low-income people, for the system of collection, processing and sale of recyclable solid waste, aiming at inclusion productive and economic emancipation of these workers. This study problematizes: What are the contradictions, the limits, the advances and the possibilities of the PNRS/2010 in the socio-productive inclusion of waste pickers recyclable materials? This is a qualitative approach research descriptive; data collection through bibliographic and documentary review; field research with in-depth interview; and analysis technique of contents. It was evident that the participation of material collectors recyclables in the integrated solid waste management system contributes to reduction of environmental impacts and social inequalities. It's viable economically, as it generates income and empowerment and promotes satisfaction of human needs. Despite that, there are limitations, arising, for the most part, from the lack of resources earmarked for investments in integrated solid waste management policies. This happens, especially, to operate selective collection with the participation of Waste Pickers, with regard to structure, both of the municipalities, as well as of the associations and cooperatives. The precariousness of physical facilities, capital resources, technology and excessive state bureaucracy in the application of the legal framework. You municipalities with organized waste pickers are more likely to implement selective collection. It is essential that the PMGIRS define: ways to provide investments in environmental education with society; development of selective collection and recycling; and actions that contribute to the qualification technical and political and educational training of Waste Pickers.

4
  • THIAGO FERNANDES
  • PRIVATE MATERIAL EMITTED IN BURNS,
    WEATHER VARIABLES AND ILLNESS
    RESPIRATORY IN CHILDREN IN SOUTHEAST OF
    PARAENSE AMAZON

  • Data: 22/07/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • FERNANDES, T. Particulate material emitted in fires, variables
    meteorological events and respiratory illness in children in Southeastern Brazil.
    Pará Amazon. Thesis (Doctorate in Environmental Sciences) - CELBE - Center for
    Research in Limnology, Biodiversity, Pantanal Ethnobiology, University of
    State of Mato Grosso Carlos Alberto Reyes Maldonado. Cáceres-MT, p. 254. 20211.2
    .
    Introduction: Atmospheric pollutants with a diameter smaller than 2.5 µm given off from
    fires and the variability of meteorological elements are a major threat to
    public health; in addition to effectively converging for the occurrence of hospitalizations
    Hospitals for Respiratory System Diseases (RDD), especially in groups
    more predisposed like that of children. Objective: Investigate possible relationships between the
    number of hospital admissions for RSD in children under five years of age and the
    PM2.5 and meteorological variables, in the period from 2010 to 2019, in 39 municipalities that
    make up the Southeastern Mesoregion of Pará. Method: This is a descriptive study
    with an ecological time-series design of the association between the morbidities
    by DAR and fine particulate material (PM2.5) emitted in fires and attributes
    meteorological (precipitation, air temperature and relative humidity). The data
    epidemiological reports of admissions were obtained from the Hospital Information System of the
    SUS (SIH/SUS), made available by the SUS Department of Statistics
    (DATASUS). And the MP2.5 and meteorological data, in the information bank of the
    Environmental Information System Integrated to Environmental Health (SISAM) and the system
    National Institute of Meteorology (INMET). For the statistical analysis of the data, it was
    adjusted the negative binomial model to estimate the relationship between the variables,
    belonging to the class of Generalized Linear Models. However, a model
    mixed was implemented and adjusted for each Integration Region and municipalities, using
    a negative binomial distribution, adopting a significance level of 1%, with
    based on the R statistical platform. Results: Between 2010 and 2019, were recorded
    50,750 hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, and more than half of the cases
    attended (56%) were male. The year 2010 exhibited 13.8% of the grand total of
    hospitalizations. There was a higher frequency of hospitalizations in the rainy season (November to
    May) corresponding to 62% of the total registered cases. The air temperature (β3=-
    0.0143) and the relative humidity of the air (β4=0.0049) were the only explanatory variables
    who exposed relationships with the cases of hospitalizations. However, only the moisture
    exhibited a statistically positive relationship, indicating an increase in cases of hospitalization
    by respiratory diseases due to increased humidity. It is estimated that the number
    average of cases of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases increases approximately
    4% for every 10% increase in the mean relative humidity value, and decreases
    approximately 2% for every degree Celsius increase above the average temperature of the
    air. Conclusion: Wetter periods can lead to increased humidity,
    favoring fungal proliferation. This is the first study carried out for one of the
    mesoregions of the state of Pará. Therefore, to assess the risk of hospital admissions
    by respiratory diseases for the most predisposed population group due to
    variability of meteorological elements is an important step for planning
    and implementation of actions that go towards a better subjective well-being. You
    public health managers can use the benchmarked prediction model to prepare the
    health services to receive children in this age group with this morbidity.

5
  • MARISA REGINA KOHLER
  • WATER AND AGRIBUSINESS: IMPLICATIONS AND RISKS TOSUSTAINABILITY OF URBAN SUPPLY IN THE AMAZONNORTH MATO-GROSSENSE

  • Orientador : AUMERI CARLOS BAMPI
  • Data: 10/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Tipos de tradução

    Tradução de textos

     
     
     

    Texto de origem

     
     
     
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    Resultados de tradução

    Water must be considered as a common good that belongs to all human beings and all species existing on the planet. So, you can't deny access to safe drinking water for human consumption under penalty of violate the essential, fundamental and universal human right that determines the survival of people. The right to access water must be addressed with due importance and relevance by all and especially by the State. THE the northern region of Mato Grosso underwent changes in the configuration of its territory motivated by the expansion of the capitalist agricultural frontier. O agribusiness established itself in the most diverse areas of the region, a fact that made the State of Mato Grosso the largest grain producer in the country. This process propitiated population growth in cities, intensifying exploitation of water bodies to meet the demand for urban supply, a factor that affects the capture and distribution of water resources, compromising the rivers, streams, among others that form the hydrographic basins and sub-basins that supply the underground reservoirs. Against the backdrop of intense modification of biomes and degradations caused by the process of economic growth, there may be a decrease in the potential of sustainability regarding the urban water supply in the cities of the agribusiness. The study that is presented may support the understanding about the conflicting relationship between the development model implemented by the agribusiness (livestock and grain) and its implications and risks in issues concerning the possibilities of urban water deficit in the macro-regions to be researched. Searched
6
  • RAFAELLA FERREIRA NERES DE QUEIROZ
  • AVES DO CORREDOR ECOLÓGICO DO RIO PARAGUAI NO PANTANAL: O QUE OCORREU EM 10 ANOS?

  • Orientador : JOSUE RIBEIRO DA SILVA NUNES
  • Data: 21/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • AVES DO CORREDOR ECOLÓGICO DO RIO PARAGUAI NO PANTANAL: O QUE OCORREU EM 10 ANOS?

2020
Teses
1
  • GERLANE DE MEDEIROS COSTA
  • THg CONCENTRATION IN ORGANS OF Megaceryle torquata AND Chloroceryleamazona ON THE JURUENA, TELES PIRES AND PARAGUAY RIVERS IN THE STATE OFMATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : MANOEL DOS SANTOS FILHO
  • Data: 26/11/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The indiscriminate use and the increase in the release of mercury (Hg) to the environment has made this metal a global problem, being among the top three substances that pose a danger for the health of the environment. Of natural and anthropogenic origin, Hg has several physical forms. and chemicals that facilitate their distribution, biological enrichment and toxicity. the growing agricultural expansion, with deforestation and fires, endangers the integrity of the soil and promotes the release and re-emission of Hg to the atmosphere with subsequent deposition in soils and bodies of water, where it can undergo methylation and acquire its organic form, methylmercury (MeHg). With the potential to bioaccumulate and biomagnify in the trophic chain, MeHg reaches the waterfowl, top predators of the aquatic food chain. Searches around the world have been using this bird guild to study the dynamics and effects of this metal on health environmental. With the hypothesis that rmphotheca may demonstrate THg concentration levels (Total Mercury) accumulated over longer periods of time than organs usually used, we compared their concentrations with the concentrations of Hg in feathers from a species of European gull (Larus michahellis) and with two feathers, claws, muscle and liver Neotropical bird species (Megaceryle torquata and Chloroceryle amazon). With the objective to understand the dynamics of THg in the face of changes in land use and occupation, we analyzed THg concentrations in the organs of two species of kingfisher, Megaceryle torquata and Chloroceryle amazona, in the Juruena, Teles Pires and Paraguai rivers, with reading in the changes that have occurred in the landscape of the last 20 years. The results obtained showed that the rmphotheca is an efficient tool for the analysis of environmental contamination by Hg in water birds. The concentrations of THg in the organs of M. torquata, in descending order, were, rhamphotheca (3.00 µg/g) > feathers (2.95 µg/g) > claws (2.22 µg/g) > liver (1.21 µg/g) > muscle (0.70 µg/g) and for C. amazon, feathers (2.27 µg/g) > rmphotheca (1.92 µg/g) > claws (1.42 µg/g) > liver (0.47 µg/g) > muscle (0.46 µg/g). The species that best expressed the metal concentrations was C. amazon. The Pantanal area showed the lowest levels of THg in soil and inverse distribution behavior to soils in Amazonian areas, where, the Teles Pires river with the highest deforestation rate expressed the highest levels of THg in the soil and in the water and the smallest in the sediment. There was no strong correlation between the THg levels of the bird organs and abiotic variables (soil, sediment and water), which suggests that levels of Hg that will be bioavailable for the trophic chain are related to physical-chemical factors of the environment.

2
  • DJAIR SERGIO DE FREITAS JUNIOR
  • ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN THE STATE FISHERIES COUNCIL (CEPESCA) AND ECOTOURISM IN THE ESTADUAL PARK ENCONTRO DAS ÁGUAS NOPANTANAL MATO-GROSSENSE, BRAZIL

  • Orientador : CAROLINA JOANA DA SILVA
  • Data: 30/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Nature is capable of providing countless benefits to people through ecosystem services it provides. Fishing activity and ecotourism can play important roles in this context, as they combine sustainability, conservation and economic support, mainly for the local populations. One of the goals of scientific research is to make data available decision makers so that legislation can be improved in order to benefit the greatest number of people. The general objective of this thesis was characterize the interactions of social groups within CEPESCA and the ecotourism at the Encontro das Águas State Park, in the Pantanal. The results found in CEPESCA identified and categorized five sectors: Government, Tourism Businesses, Professional Fishermen, NGOs and Academia. THE Government had the largest number of institutions involved in the process participatory, followed by tourism, fishermen, NGOs and academia. The analyzes suggest the implementation of social learning processes, and the inclusion of marginalized groups, such as indigenous people, in order to improve the stakeholder balance of power. The PEEA, on the other hand, proved to be a factor of economic development for the region, with an average spending by visitors of US$ 693.00 per day, with the estimated economic impact of this visitation ranging from US$4.8 to US$13.5 million per year. The main reasons for visits were to observe wildlife in general (27%) and to the observation of jaguars (26%). There is what needs to be improved, and the infrastructure that houses tourists was the most cited point, however the trip to PEEA left 100% of the visitors satisfied, demonstrating that the local biodiversity manages to overlap the problems faced by them in other questions.

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