Dissertações/Teses

2024
Dissertações
1
  • DANIELA MATIAS DOS SANTOS
  • DIVERSIDADE DE BESOUROS PREDADORES (CARABIDAE E STAPHYLINIDAE) EM ECOSSISTEMAS DE SOJA E HABITATS NATIVOS NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : ALESSANDRA REGINA BUTNARIU
  • Data: 02/02/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The cultivation of soybeans is a widely practiced agricultural activity in the state of Mato Grosso, as well as in various regions of Brazil. However, the expansion of agricultural production poses a threat to native habitat areas, leading to the fragmentation of ecosystems and the simplification of landscapes. It also has negative impacts on biodiversity, directly affecting ecosystem services. Insects play a crucial role in providing ecosystem services for agriculture, such as natural pest control. Considered generalist predators, beetles belonging to the families Carabidae and Staphylinidae are important predators that not only contribute to the control of arthropod pests but also play a role in suppressing weeds, as some Carabidae species feed on the seeds of these plants.In order to understand the dynamics and distribution of beetle populations in both agricultural and native environments, our study aimed to assess: i) how different habitats (native and soybean) in the Cerrado and Forest (Amazon) vegetation domains influence the community structure (richness, abundance, and composition) of predator beetle species (Carabidae and Staphylinidae); and ii) whether there are indicator species that can provide information about the dynamics and condition of the ecosystem. Our results indicate that the community structure of beetles from both families is influenced by both habitat and regional vegetation. The Carabidae family showed higher richness and abundance in soybean cultivation, while for Staphylinidae, richness and abundance were higher in the native forest environment. Indicator species for carabids in the Cerrado were Odontocheila chrysis in the native habitat and Selenophorus alternans found in the soybean environment in the Forest. For the Staphylinidae family in the Cerrado, Aleochara and Belonuchus docilis species were indicators in the soybean habitat, and Neohypnus sp3 in the native habitat. In the forest, there were only indicator species for the native environment, from the genera Neohypnus and Eulissus rutilis. These species are predators and contribute to the maintenance and balance of the environment, in addition to presenting other ecological functions. Our results show that the environmental characteristics of the studied habitats have a significant impact on the structure of beetle communities in the Carabidae and Staphylinidae families.

2
  • RAQUEL CARDOSO DE SOUZA
  • DISLIPIDEMIA EM PRODUTORES AGRÍCOLAS NO MUNICÍPIO DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA - MT.

  • Orientador : ANA CLÁUDIA PEREIRA TERÇAS TRETTEL
  • Data: 24/02/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Dyslipidemias cause changes in lipid metabolism that can lead to accumulation or deficiency in serum levels of various lipoproteins. In association with Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH), they can be considered as risk factors for triggering cardiovascular diseases, ranking first in the world in terms of mortality. The objective of this study was to analyze dyslipidemia in market traders and their impact on the agricultural production system in the mid-northern region of Mato Grosso. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, with a quantitative approach, carried out between March and April 2022 at municipal fairs in operation. All market farmers working at both fairs took part in the study, totaling 110 market traders in the end. The profile of market traders, small rural producers in the Cerrado of Mato Grosso, is made up of adult women (60%), aged between 40 and 59 years (49.09%), living with their partner (89.09% ), with primary education (60%) and family income of 1 to 5 minimum wages (93.64%). The majority do not consume alcoholic beverages (77.27%) nor smoke (96.36%), practice physical activity three times a week (79.09%), consume vegetables and fruits daily (90.91%), with daily use of fats and ultra-processed foods (51.82%). They are eutrophic (62.73%), with body fat above ideal parameters (69.09%), 32.73% with increased cholesterol, high capillary blood glucose testing (60%) and normal blood pressure (57.27). %). It is hoped that this study will be able to raise a possible articulation regarding dyslipidemia in market traders and the impact on the agricultural production system in the mid-northern region of Mato Grosso.

3
  • Ander Clebison Silva dos Santos
  •  “POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS: ANÁLISE CONTEXTUAL DO DESENVOLVIMENTO AGRÁRIO NO TERRITÓRIO ALTO DO RIO PARAGUAI – MATO GROSSO”

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 27/02/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • This article aims to analyze the agrarian development policy stimulated by Federal Law No. 11,107, of April 6, 2005. Using the quali-quantitative methodology of the database presented by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE, it sought A characterization was carried out with the diagnosis of the 15 municipalities that make up the Intermunicipal Consortium for Regional, Economic, Social, Environmental and Tourism Development of the Territory of Alto do Rio Paraguai, State of Mato Grosso. Comparing the development model of municipalities and land use based on data from the Agricultural Census (IBGE - 2017), analyzing in each municipality, the main agricultural activities and production, the distribution of agricultural establishments, the territorialization of capital in the model of development typified by the land structure, the characterization of the concentration of land by Business Agricultural Establishments and the dispute for space with Family Farming, the relationship between work and income, and the occupation of people in the Territory.

4
  • Augusto Cezar Francisco da Silva
  • FUNDO CONSTITUCIONAL DE FINANCIAMENTO DO CENTRO-OESTE: UMA
    ANÁLISE DOS INVESTIMENTOS DESTINADOS A AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR NO ESTADO DE
    MATO GROSSO (2010-2022)

     

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 27/02/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Family farming is extremely important for the social and economic development of our society. In this sense, federal, state and municipal government subsidy programs must play the role of strengthening these processes. The Central West Development Fund has been an important actor in this context in the state of Mato Grosso. The work seeks to analyze investments from the Central-West Constitutional Financing Fund destined for family farming in the state of Mato Grosso.The research is qualitative of the bibliographic-documentary type, taking as a time frame the period from 2010 to 2022. It is concluded that rural FCO has been an important means of development for the agricultural sector in the State of Mato, however policies must be developed publications aimed at family farming so that they have access and technical guidance regarding rural FCO.

     

     

     

     

5
  • Jéssica Karina Guedes Cavalcante
  • RISCO AMBIENTAL DOS INSETICIDAS APLICADOS NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO E O USO DE BACTÉRIAS ENTOMOPATOGÊNICAS COMO ESTRATÉGIA PARA O MANEJO DE PERCEVEJO-MARROM NA SOJA

  • Orientador : MONICA JOSENE BARBOSA PEREIRA
  • Data: 28/02/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    Euschistus heros (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), commonly called brown stink bug, is considered a key pest of soybean crops, due to the damage caused to pods and grains. Currently, its management is based, almost exclusively, on the spraying of chemical insecticides. Consequently, concern emerges regarding the environmental risk of these pesticides, which can be estimated through certain tools such as the Environmental Risk Index (ERI). Furthermore, in recent years, the application of entomopathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, fungi and viruses) associated with pesticides is also evident, with the aim of minimizing re-entry into the crop. However, data on the compatibility of these associations are scarce, especially in the control of E. heros. Thus, the present work aimed to: estimate the ERI of the main insecticides used to control stink bug pests in soybean crops, in Mato Grosso, and evaluate the toxicity of the association of entomopathogenic bacteria and phytosanitary products registered for the aforementioned crop, in the management from E. heros. Data on the most commercialized active ingredients (a.i.s.) for the management of stink bug in soybeans in 2022 were collected from the Mato Grosso Agricultural Defense Institute (INDEA-MT). The physicochemical characteristics of the active ingredients were obtained from the Pesticide Properties Database (PPDB) at the University of Hertfordshire. The parameters used to calculate the ERI were: persistence, leaching, volatilization, toxicological profile and dose. In the in vitro compatibility test, 24 phytosanitary products associated with Pseudomonas fluorescens+Pseudomonas chlororaphis were evaluated, while in the spray test, seven sprays were simulated, based on applications by soybean farmers in the region. Compatibility was determined by counting colony forming units (CFUs) and measuring colony diameter (cm). The associations considered compatible were used in vivo bioassays with 3rd instar nymphs and adults (females) of E. heros. From the results obtained, it was found that in 2022, 11.612.956 kg of chemical insecticides for soybeans were sold, with acephate representing ≅33,18% of this volume (3.853.687 kg). Regarding ERI, the highest index was observed for the neonicotinoid imidacloprid (ERI=12), while the lowest value was found for the organophosphate acephate (ERI=5) and the sulfoxamine sulfoxaflor (ERI=5). In in vitro bioassays, of the 24 products evaluated, only Beauveria bassiana and indoxacarb were compatible for P. fluorescens+P. chlororaphis. Regarding the sprays, they were all incompatible, inhibiting the growth of the bacteria under study. In in vivo tests, the combination of P. fluorescens+P. chlororaphis + indoxacarb proved to be the most efficient in controlling 3rd instar nymphs, in addition to significantly reducing fertility and fecundity parameters in adults. Given these results, it is expected that the ERI estimate will provide support for the selection of i.as. with low toxicity, in order to minimize the negative impacts arising from undue spraying, in addition, it was evident in the bioassays that the recommendation of the association between P. fluorescens+P. chlororaphis and herbicides/fungicides/adjuvants, as these were highly toxic to microorganisms. Finally, it is concluded that the a.i. indoxacarb can be applied in mixture with bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas in the management of the brown soybean stink bug.

6
  • REILLY PEREIRA MELO
  • VARIABILIDADE METEOROLÓGICA, DESCONFORTO TÉRMICO E SUAS ASSOCIAÇÕES COM INTERNAÇÕES E ÓBITOS POR DOENÇAS RESPIRATÓRIAS NO MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : RIVANILDO DALLACORT
  • Data: 22/03/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Summary Cardiovascular diseases are a major public health problem associated with various factors, including meteorological elements. Thermal discomfort indices are used to measure the thermal sensation of a given environment. The aim of this study was to analyze the meteorological elements associated with human thermal discomfort in the cities of Alta Floresta (MT) and Tangará da Serra (MT) to recognize their impacts on morbidity and mortality in the adult population due to cardiovascular diseases. Meteorological data, including monthly accumulated precipitation and daily average air temperature, relative humidity, and thermal amplitude, were collected from the Agrometeorology Laboratory of the State University of Mato Grosso. Information on the number of hospitalizations and deaths due to cardiovascular diseases (≥ 20 years) was obtained from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) website, considering the period from 2013 to 2022. Pearson's parametric correlation test (r) was used for data analysis. It was found that the elderly represent the highest number of hospitalizations and deaths from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in both locations, with the highest number of cases occurring during dry periods. For Alta Floresta, correlations were found for temperature, thermal amplitude, and relative humidity; while in Tangará da Serra, correlations were found with temperature, relative humidity, and precipitation. Regarding thermal discomfort indices for the two cities, correlations were found with ITU and IC both for daily average and for the average of 14 hours. The results show that Alta Floresta has higher temperatures and relative humidity compared to Tangará da Serra, and is more uncomfortable in relation to the indices.

7
  • TÁSSIA CAMILA DOS SANTOS OLIVEIRA
  • DESCONFORTO TÉRMICO E SUA RELAÇÃO COM INTERNAÇÕES E ÓBITOS POR DOENÇAS CARDIOVASCULARES NA POPULAÇÃO ADULTA DE MUNICÍPIOS AGRÍCOLAS DO MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : RIVANILDO DALLACORT
  • Data: 22/03/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Diseases of the circulatory system are a major public health problem and are associated with various factors, including meteorological elements. Thermal discomfort indices are used to measure the thermal sensation of a given environment. Thus, the aim was to analyze the meteorological elements associated with human thermal discomfort in the cities of Alta Floresta (MT) and Tangará da Serra (MT) with the aim of recognizing their impacts on morbidity and mortality of the adult population due to circulatory system diseases. Meteorological data, including the total monthly accumulated precipitation and daily average air temperature, relative humidity, and thermal amplitude, were collected from the Agrometeorology Laboratory of the State University of Mato Grosso. Information regarding the number of hospitalizations and deaths from cardiovascular diseases (≥20 years) was obtained from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS) website; the period from 2013 to 2022 was considered. Pearson's parametric correlation test (r) was used for data analysis. It was found that the elderly represent the highest number of hospitalizations and deaths from circulatory system diseases (CSD) in both locations, and that the highest number of cases occurred during dry periods. For Alta Floresta, the correlations found were for temperature, thermal amplitude, and relative humidity; while in Tangará da Serra, correlations were found with temperature, relative humidity, and precipitation. Regarding thermal discomfort indices for both cities, correlations were found with ITU and IC for both daily average and 14-hour average. The results show that Alta Floresta has higher temperatures and relative humidity compared to Tangará da Serra, as well as being more uncomfortable in relation to the indices.

8
  • JEFFERSON MARCELO ARANTES DA SILVA
  • EFEITOS DAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DAS PAISAGENS AGRÍCOLAS  SOBRE POMPILÍDEOS (HYMENOPTERA: POMPILIDAE) E NOCTUÍDEOS (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) EM CULTIVOS DE SOJA NA INTERFACE AMAZÔNIA-CERRADO DE MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : DANIELLE STORCK TONON
  • Data: 27/03/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Brazil is currently the world's largest producer of soybeans, Mato Grosso is the state with the highest production and cultivated area. This scenario of big producer is presenting a challenge, given that this loss of native area for this production induces a loss of native biodiversity and consequently the provision of ecosystem services. The soybean is a crop highly dependent of these services and which are often provided by biodiversity agents that depend on presence, amount and quality of native habitat adjacent to crops. Due to scarcity of studies in Mato Grosso in this perspective, this dissertation has been subdivided in two chapters: 1) Effect of Native Habitat Replacement for soybean cultivation on the Pompilidae Assembly (Hymenoptera: Pompiloidea) in the Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado: where investigate the effect that loss of habitat had about this important wasps of native fauna; 2) Effect of landscape dynamics about the abundance and biomass of Noctuidae (Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea) in soybean crops and native habitat adjacent in Mato Grosso Amazônia and Cerrado: in this chapter investigate as amount and quality of habitat affect the presence, abundance and biomass of these pest moths.

9
  • PATRICIA SILVA DO VALE
  • DESEMPENHO AGRONÔMICO DE CULTIVARES DE LARANJEIRAS ENXERTADAS EM DOIS PORTA-ENXERTOS NA PRIMEIRA SAFRA NAS CONDIÇÕES EDAFOCLIMÁTICAS DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA-MT

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 04/04/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The orange tree (Citrus sinensis L. Osbek) is one of the best known, cultivated and studied fruit trees in the world. Brazil is currently the largest orange producer in the world and the main exporter of concentrated orange juice. Even though it is the world's largest fruit producer, the country still faces several challenges in the sector. The main of these challenges comes from phytosanitary problems, requiring diversification in the use of scion varieties and rootstocks in citrus, which makes it possible to overcome abiotic and biotic problems and obtain gains in productivity. Therefore, research related to expanding the genetic base of orchards and evaluating the agronomic potential of the new genotypes obtained must be conducted to support and optimize the production system. Therefore, this work aimed to: (i) evaluate the productivity and biometric parameters related to the vegetative vigor index of eleven sweet orange cultivars grafted onto two rootstocks: ‘Citrumelo Swingle’ and ‘Citrumelo F80-5’; (ii) evaluate the physicochemical characteristics and bioactive compounds of the fruits of the eleven cultivars grafted onto ‘Citrumelo F80-5’ in the orchard’s first harvest; (iii) select the best scion/rootstock combination(s) for the irrigated cultivation system, in the edaphoclimatic conditions of Tangará da Serra - MT. The experiment was conducted on the Boitanga farm, located in the city of Tangará da Serra - MT, the experimental design was in randomized blocks, in a 2 x 11 factorial scheme (two rootstocks and eleven scion cultivars), with four replications and one plant per portion. To determine productivity, the fruits were harvested and weighed throughout the 2022/2023 harvest. In biometric assessments, measurements were taken 36 months after planting and analyzes were carried out following the methodology of Portela et al. (2016). The physicochemical evaluations followed the methodology used by Caputo (2012). Preliminary results showed that the growth of orange trees grafted onto ‘Citrumelo Swingle’ was more vigorous compared to the growth of orange trees grafted onto ‘Citrumelo F80-5’, with plants exceeding 2.5m in height. Fruit analyzes showed the cultivar ‘Malhe 5’ as the crown with the highest fruit mass (MF) and ‘Pera Bianchini’ with the highest juice yield, with an average juice yield of more than 50%.

10
  • ZACARELI MASSUQUINI
  • RISCO AMBIENTAL DOS HERBICIDAS EM SISTEMAS AGRÍCOLAS NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO E USO DO GLYPHOSATE PARA O MANEJO DE PLANTAS DANINHAS NA CULTURA DO ALGODÃO

  • Orientador : MIRIAM HIROKO INOUE
  • Data: 05/04/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • With the extensive areas of cultivation in Brazil, phytosanitary problems often occur, which has increased the use of pesticides in production systems. In this sense, there is great concern about how these compounds can be harmful to the environment, and the proposed Environmental Risk Index (ERI) serves as a tool to manage the environmental impacts of pesticides. In addition, the search for more effective management strategies, such as the correct use of herbicides in doses and correct stages of application, has been promising adaptations that aim to reduce the great exposure and deleterious effects of herbicides on the environmental agroecosystem. Thus, the objectives of this work were: (i) to carry out an ERI based on the main herbicides used to control weeds in the state of Mato Grosso; (ii) use of glyphosate, one of the most used herbicides in current agriculture, in the management of weeds in cotton crops. physicochemical properties were obtained from the Pesticide Properties Database (PPDB) of the University of Hertfordshire and Pesticide Properties Database (PPD) of the US Department of Agriculture. The parameters used for ERI were: soil persistence, leaching, volatility, recommended dose and toxicological profile of herbicides. Regarding the evaluation of weed management in cotton, field tests were carried out during the 2021/22 harvest. Thirteen treatments were evaluated using the herbicides pyrithiobac-sodium, trifloxysulfuron-sodium and glyphosate, alone and in mixtures, differing in the application system. The main herbicides used to control weeds in soybean, corn and cotton crops in Mato Grosso amount to 200,752,280 kg of active ingredients (ai) in decreasing order of environmental risk: Atrazine > diuron > trifluralin > glyphosate > 2,4-d ≥ ethephon > clomazone > s-metalachlor > diquat ≥ haloxyfop > clethodim ≥ glufosinate ammonium. The herbicides, atrazine, MSMA, diuron, trifluralia and pendimethalin, were used. which had a higher ERI, due to their greater persistence in the environment, toxicological profile and dose. Glyphosate is the largest amount commercialized, with a higher ERI, due to its high dose of use, however its persistence in the environment, leaching and volatility are low. However, all compounds showed medium to very high levels of toxicity, becoming a worrying factor if they reach non-target populations, such as birds, fish and bees. As for the evaluation of the use of glyphosate, it presented significant control of weeds, being efficient for this, in the doses and working times, however the mixtures of glyphosate and trifloxysulfuron -sodium in the first application reduced the final potential of the cotton, differing from those of more treatment chemicals. The exposure of the cotton plant to glyphosate did not reduce the productive potential. In view of the results presented, it is hoped that the ERI will contribute to efficient management and planning that causes less environmental impact, in the choice of herbicides that are less aggressive to agroecosystems. In this way, this tool can help in a more adequate management of weeds, being able to indicate the most opportune moment and way to carry out the intervention, aiming at reducing the selection pressure and optimizing the effectiveness of the weed

11
  • Marines Kelli de Oliveira
  • VIABILIDADE AGRONÔMICA DE MARACUJAZEIROS EM DIFERENTES ESPAÇAMENTOS

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 11/04/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Planting density has been studied as a strategy to improve productivity and profitability in passion fruit cultivation and the use of small spacings can result in a high planting density. Cultivation in a protected environment allows greater control of the environment, production at various times of the year, extension of the harvest period and fruit quality. The production of passion fruit species can be a profitable activity aimed at diversifying products for sale. The objective of this work is to verify the effects of different spacing systems on the sour passion fruit, solar cultivar in four planting densities: experiment adopted a randomized block design for production during the first cycle: the first was 1.80x2 (greenhouse ); 3x1.80x2; 3x2; 1.80x2 (field). And the variation in productivity of different passion fruit cultivars P. edulis Sims (Roxinho), BRS Sertão Forte, BRS Pérola do Cerrado and BRS Mel do Cerrado, throughout the year. 

12
  • NAYANE SILVA DE OLIVEIRA
  • DIVERSIDADE DE INIMIGOS NATURAIS (HYMENOPTERA) EM AGROECOSSISTEMAS DISTRIBUIDOS EM TRÊS BIOMAS BRASILEIROS: CERRADO, AMAZÔNIA E TRANSIÇÃO, COM ÁREAS AGRÍCOLAS ADJACENTES NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : DANIELLE STORCK TONON
  • Data: 23/05/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • .

13
  • Daniela Aparecida Lima Costa
  • INFLUÊNCIA AMBIENTAL NOS ASPECTOS PRODUTIVOS E COMPOSTOS FUNCIONAIS EM CHICÓRIA-DO-PARÁ (Eryngium foetidum L.)

  • Orientador : SANTINO SEABRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 13/06/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Seasoning vegetables, also known as seasonings, have been important for a long time. They play an important role in the economy, health and cuisine. The Apiaceae family, Eryngium foetidum stands out among these spices. The plant can be found in different environments. The environment directly influences the plant. Changes in environments have a great impact, factors such as temperature, humidity, sunlight and others affect physiology, productive characteristics and quality. Furthermore, these factors influence functional compounds. It is important to understand the metabolism of the crop and how it interacts with the environment, being able to create a management system that helps produce leafy vegetables with the best attributes. The study aimed to verify the levels of chlorophylls, carotenoids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, antioxidant activity and productivity. The experiment was carried out in Nova Mutum – MT, where pará chicory was cultivated, using randomized block methods, which included four repetitions and seven treatments. The treatments were six shading meshes, with 35% shade: black sombrite®, thermo-reflective silver aluminet®, red chromatinet®, pearl, organza (47 gm-2), white polyethylene agrotextile (TNT) (15 g m- ²) and open field. Agrotextile and organza stood out best for the cultivation of Eryngium foetidum, these treatments provided the best growth conditions, resulting in two harvests with greater leaf fresh mass, 106.8 and 155.9 g per plant. Through the application of the ABTS method, it was observed that the harvest carried out after 90 days is the most efficient, as it has the highest concentration of antioxidants and phytochemical compounds. One of the most favorable environments is agrotextiles, which have a high concentration of chlorophyll a and b. Furthermore, it was evident that open field cultivation has a positive impact on the quantity of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, which are directly related to the antioxidant capacity and quality of eryngium foetidum. Such factors are crucial to satisfy the demands of the consumer market.

14
  • Kamilla Ferreira Rezende
  • Bioprospecção de óleos essenciais no controle de

    Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith, 1797)

  • Orientador : ALESSANDRA REGINA BUTNARIU
  • Data: 14/06/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The species Spodoptera frugiperda, popularly known as fall armyworm, affects several crops of great economic importance, such as corn, soybeans and cotton. Furthermore, it is considered a pest that is difficult to manage due to the development of resistance to some synthetic insecticide molecules. In response to this challenge, the search for alternatives to control agricultural pests has gained prominence, focusing especially on essential oils (EOs) from several botanical families, including Piperaceae, due to their insecticidal potential and low environmental impact. Given the need for alternative management and new perspectives for the control of the fall armyworm, this dissertation was divided into two chapters, the first being entitled “Bioprospecting of essential oils in the control of Spodoptera frugiperda: A bibliographic and bibliometric analysis”, having the objective of presenting the global scenario of research that involved the search for alternative control of S. frugiperda with the use of EOs, from 2009 to 2022. The second chapter, entitled “Phytoinsecticide potential of essential oils from the Piperaceae family in Spodoptera frugiperda”, evaluated the insecticidal activity of EOs from Piper arboreum, Piper marginatum, Piper aff divaricatum, Piper fuligineum and Piper hispidum in the embryonic and larval phases of cartridge caterpillar.

15
  • CAROL PEREIRA DE BARROS
  • A CAMA DE AVIÁRIO COMO AGENTE DE RISCO BIOLÓGICO NA CADEIA PRODUTIVA HORTÍCOLA

  • Orientador : EDUARDO JOSÉ OENNING SOARES
  • Data: 26/06/2024


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The research aims to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the biological risks associated with the handling of chicken litter in the poultry industry and its impact on workers' health, an area that has received little attention in the Brazilian context. The study aims to assess the biological risk of poultry litter used in horticulture, considering its potential impact on production and the health of the workers involved. The first article highlights exposure to microorganisms, fungi, mites and endotoxins in chicken litter. The second article aims to compare the biological risks faced by workers who deal with chicken litter with those in stables and stables, proposing their inclusion in the list of professions entitled to hazard pay, in accordance with NR 15, Annex 14. The relevance research lies in the fact that the poultry industry plays a crucial role in food production, but handling chicken litter can expose workers to various biological risks, such as pathogenic microorganisms, allergens, bacteria and viruses. Although NR 15, Annex 14, establishes criteria for the classification of unsanitary conditions in activities with exposure to biological agents, the risks associated with the handling of chicken litter were not specifically addressed. Therefore, the research aims to fill this gap by evaluating the biological risks involved in this activity and comparing them with the risks faced by workers in stables and stables, which are already considered unhealthy due to the inherent biological risks. Based on a rigorous analysis, we seek to propose the inclusion of chicken litter workers in the list of professions entitled to additional hazard pay, as long as it is demonstrated that the biological risks involved are comparable to those of other activities already covered by NR 15 , Annex 14. In this way, the research assumes relevance in contributing to the protection of the health of workers in the poultry industry and, ideally, to the updating of regulatory standards, in order to reflect contemporary biological risks and ensure due remuneration and protection of those who face such risks in their work environment.

2023
Dissertações
1
  • RAYLA NEMIS DE SOUZA
  • QUALIDADE DE FRUTOS DE CULTIVARES DE MAMOEIRO E SUA APTIDÃO AGROCLIMÁTICA EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA - MT

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 17/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a very nutritious fruit with good organoleptic qualities. Fruit quality is the result of the influence of several factors. Climatic fluctuations is one of the main factors that directly affect production. In this sense, knowing the areas with agroclimatic aptitude can contribute to the greater success of the investment in new planting areas, in addition to guiding in management strategies. In view of the above, the objective of this work was to evaluate the quality of mamoiero fruits and the agroclimatic aptitude of the culture for the municipality of Tangará da Serra - MT. The first experiment was carried out in the experimental field of the State University of Mato Grosso (UNEMAT) on the Tangará da Serra campus. The cultivars Aliança, Bela Nova, Calimosa, Golden, Golden THB, Rubi Incaper 511, Tainung nº1, T2, UC 12, UC 14 and UC 16 were evaluated. The experimental design was in randomized blocks, with four replications and six plants per portion. After the beginning of the ripening of the fruits, the physical, physico-chemical, biochemical and sensorial qualities of the fruits of the different cultivars were evaluated. All cultivars present averages of colluble solids (SS) above 12º Brix. The Ruby Incaper 511 papaya was preferred by the tasters through sensory evaluation. In the second experiment, the objective is to study the agroclimatic aptitude of the municipality of Tangará da Serra - MT for the cultivation of papaya. The data for carrying out the work will be provided by the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET). Daily precipitation and average temperature data from 2012 to 2021. The crop aptitude classes will be categorized according to temperature and precipitation in: suitable, when the values presented by the variables met all the requirements of the crop; restricted, when they partially met the requirements; and unfit, when they did not meet the requirements.

2
  • CARLOS LUIZ VIEIRA
  • Eficiência do uso da água na cultura do tomate: aspectos produtivos, qualitativos e econômicos

  • Orientador : SANTINO SEABRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 20/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Good water supply practices benefit as savings and energy, but also presented from studies of tomato resources and the quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L) effects, those of irrigation are in many. In tomato crops it can have a positive effect on the solids and solubles content, as well as a small reduction in yield. There are results in the literature about its effect on carotenoid and lycopene levels. For that, this work of sustainable management was defined in two articles, the first one had to evaluate the effect of the management cut in the plants of sustainable management of the qualitative use of water and as a form of more adequate management of the water. The second article aimed to evaluate the water efficiency and economic viability of management under different irrigation cuts. The work was carried out in the experimental area of Horticulture of the Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso campus of Nova Mutum-MT, from August to December 2021. cut, 110,105,100 days after sowing – DAS). The experiment was carried out in a protected environment of the type No cultivation environment-arrows temperature temperatures with media observed close to 22°C, However, as the highest soil cultivation averages were recorded in the treatment with irrigation cut 110 DAS . There was no statistical difference between the parameters total, commercial, total production per plant and production per plant. The occurrence of black background was influenced by the irrigation cut, with the highest frequencies for 100 DAS. As tomato fruit classes were not significantly influenced by irrigation cut. Irrigation cuts did not provide significant differences for plant destructive techniques. There was a significant interaction between irrigation cut-off time versus harvest time for all physicochemical and biochemical parameters, except solids and solubles. In terms of fruit weight loss after harvest, irrigation cuts will provide equal weight loss up to day 9.

3
  • CLESIANE GARCIA XAVIER
  •  "Cultivares de algodão em semeadura tardia com a utilização de bioindutores de crescimento na região central de Mato Grosso".

     
  • Orientador : MARCO ANTONIO CAMILLO DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 24/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Cotton (Gossypium L.) is one of the most important plants for the production of fibers, in addition to being a source of animal food and raw material for the production of oil from its seeds. The growing increase in cotton cultivation has led to the search for alternatives in order to express the maximum productive potential of the plants, however, increasingly influenced by concerns about the environment. For this, the use of biological products are alternatives that aim to increase productivity. Growth inducers tend to improve the growth and defense system of plants against abiotic and biotic stresses, being considered strategic in the search for sustainable agriculture. The objective of this work was to test different products based on resistance-inducing microorganisms in late sowing cotton in the 2021/22 harvest. The experiment was carried out on the private property on a farm located 35 km from the municipality of Sapezal, Estrada SZ 01, left bank. Seven varieties of cotton were sown and three types of products based on microorganisms were used, being a bacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and two fungi of the genus Trichoderma. The experimental design consisted of a factorial experiment with combinations of 7 cotton materials and 3 treatments with applications of resistance-inducing microorganisms and control with 3 replications. The applications were carried out via foliar, 2 applications of each product in stages B4 and F1, with a CO2 backpack sprayer. The trial was conducted from March to July 2022. The following characteristics were evaluated: Plant height, number of first, second, and third position reproductive structures, number of abortions, productivity, and soil microbial activity based on the Basal Basal Respiration (RBS). The productivity result behaved differently in relation to treatments and varieties, in some cases the control treatment expressed higher productivity, not generating a significant difference between treatments. 

     

     

     
4
  • EDYANE LUZIA PIRES FRANCO
  • UTILIZAÇÃO DO FUNGO Trichoderma sp SOB DIFERENTES DOSES DE MOLIBDÊNIO NA CULTURA DO MILHO

     
  • Orientador : MARCO ANTONIO CAMILLO DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 24/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The corn crop has been gaining importance each year and has ceased to be just a second crop to become an essential source of income for the economic gain of the producer. In the search for new technologies to improve crop productivity, the use of micronutrients has been sought, such as Molybdenum and the use of growth-promoting microorganisms such as fungi of the genus Trichoderma. The search for more sustainable technologies in agriculture involves verifying their impact on the soil and microbial activity has been used as an indicator of the impacts of cultivation systems on the soil. The research was conducted in the field at Fazenda Ke Soja in the municipality of Sapezal - MT, in the 2020/21 harvest, in order to evaluate the use of different doses of Molybdenum with and without the use of Trichoderma in the corn crop and the impact of these on the soil microbiota. The design used was randomized blocks, in a 4 x 2 + 1 factorial scheme, with 3 replications for each treatment. The treatments were composed by the combination of 4 doses of Mo (105, 210, 315 and 420 g of Mo ha-1) with and without Trichoderma and an additional control treatment without the application of Mo and Trichoderma. The following characteristics were evaluated: plant height, ear insertion height, stem diameter, ear length, ear diameter, number of grain rows per ear, mass of 100 grains, productivity, chlorophyll A, B and total. No significant difference was observed between Mo doses for all studied variables. Regarding the ear diameter, there was a difference between the levels of the factors and the control, with all the levels of the factors being superior to the control. Regarding grain yield and chlorophyll B content, the application of Trichoderma was superior to the non-application.

     
5
  • JULIA RODRIGUES NOVAIS
  • DINÂMICA DE PYROXASULFONE EM SOLOS COM TEXTURAS CONTRASTANTES

  • Orientador : MIRIAM HIROKO INOUE
  • Data: 27/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The use of herbicides contributed to the expansion of agriculture, which are diverse for weed control and their behavior in the environment is influenced by factors. Prolonged stay can cause environmental maintenance and excessive leaching of herbicides. The pyroxasulfone environment recently and the pyroxasulfone environment are information pyramids in Brazil and are not part of their behavior. In this sense, the use of bioindicator plants an affordable and effective alternative in the determination is herbicides in the soil. The objective of this work was to evaluate the sensitivity of lettuce, cucumber and whey to the herbicides pyroxasulfone and flumioxazin in order to determine a species with bioindicator potential in soils with different textures. Subsequently, when determining a bioindicator species, a study was carried out on the behavior of pyroxasulfone and pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin in the environment, through the analysis of the leaching potential, carried out in sandy loam soil and residual effect, in soils with contrasting textures. For the selection of bioindicators, four experiments were carried out with two types of soils (Red Latosol and Quartzarenic Neosol). The treatments consisted of doses of pyroxasulfone (3.1; 6.2; 12.5; 25; 50 and 100 g a.i. ha-1) and pyroxasulfone + flumioxazine (3.1 + 2.07; 6.2 + 4 .13; 12.5 + 8.33; 25 + 16.67; 50 + 33.33; 100 + 66.67 g a.i. ha-1) applied pre-emergence and a control without application. The analysis of the leaching potential was performed using a soil column bioassay (Neossolo Quartzar) using cucumber as a bioindicator. Irrigations of 0, 30, 60 and 90 mm were simulated after an application of pyroxasulfone (100 g a.i. ha-1) and pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin (100 + 66.67 g a.i. ha-1). The study on the residual effect will be carried out in two types of soils (Red Latosol and Quartzarenic Neosol). Two doses of pyroxasulfone (100 and 200 g a.i. ha-1) and pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin (100 + 66.67 and 200 + 133.33 g a.i. ha-1) will be used, seven times of application (0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days between herbicide application (DAA) and bioindicator sowing), one control without application and four replications. The sowing of the cucumber bioindicator will be carried out at 0 DAA. For both experiments, phytotoxicity assessments were performed at 7 and 14 DAA, while plant height, root length, green biomass and dry biomass of both bioindicators were evaluated at 21 DAA. It was found that lettuce was the most sensitive species selected for both herbicides, however, its high sensitivity to adverse weather conditions may make its use in practical tests difficult. However, cucumber and sorghum also proved to be potential candidates as bioindicators and could be used in bioassays for these herbicides. For the leaching experiment, it was found that increasing irrigation depths provided displacement of herbicide molecules to a depth of 20-25 cm for pyroxasulfone alone and in association with flumioxazin. When water depths of 90 mm were applied, greater interference was observed in the development of cucumbers in the deeper layers, evidencing the greater leaching of herbicides when subjected to intense rainfall. Regarding the residual effect, it is expected that pyroxasulfone and pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin have a superior residual effect in clayey soil, compared to sandy loam texture, and that they cause phytotoxicity in bioindicator plants, making it possible to determine the period that the herbicides remain assets in the environment.

6
  • Bruna Carolina Serafim Teckio
  • Compatibilidade de produtos fitossanitários com Bacillus thuringiensis e custo on farm para o controle de lepidópteros na cultura do algodão

  • Orientador : MONICA JOSENE BARBOSA PEREIRA
  • Data: 28/02/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The caterpillar complex is a limiting factor in cotton crop, due to the damage caused on reproductive structures, such as flower buds and bolls. A sustainable alternative for the management of this pests is the application of entomopathogenic bacteria, produced on a large scale inside the farms (on farm). However, although groups of agricultural commodities are adhering to the production of these bacteria, information on the viability of this on farm production model is scarce. In addition, the effectiveness of this management depends on compatibility studies of the bacteria in association with pesticides commonly used in cotton crop. Therefore, the objective of this research was to evaluate the compatibility of pesticides commonly used in cotton crop with Bacillus thuringiensis and the cost of on farm production of this bacteria, for the management of lepidopterans in cotton crop. For the in vitro compatibility test, 19 pesticides associated with B. thuringiensis (Bt) were evaluated on the vegetative and reproductive growth of the bacteria (Biological Index). The products that showed bacterial growth were evaluated in the laboratory on Spodoptera frugiperda caterpillars fed with cotton leaves and artificial diet. Those with mortality above 60% were selected for the experiment in semi-field and field. For the cost analysis of on farm production of the bacteria, they were compared with the values of the commercial product based on Oxime Methylcarbamate. The results obtained in the compatibility study indicate that the pesticides Diafenthiuron, Acetamiprid and Oxime Methylcarbamate were compatible with B. thuringiensis. The association Bt + Oxime Methylcarbamate was effective in controlling S. frugiperda caterpillars in the field, with mortality above 80% in the first days of evaluation. It was found that on farm production of bacteria is economically viable, as it generates a 50% cost reduction compared to the commercial product Oxime Methylcarbamate. In addition, in relation to the applications, Bt on farm provided a reduction of 59.5% in relation to the commercial pesticides due to the need to apply more commercial product (1.2 liters) per hectare. Thus, it is possible to conclude that the production of B. thuringiensis on farm is economically viable for the control of lepidopteran pests in cotton crops and the insecticide Methylcarbamate can be used in association with this bacteria for the management of S. frugiperda in this culture.

     

7
  • JULIANA LIMA DA SILVA ALVES
  • ANÁLISE DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA DOS PONTOS DE CAPTAÇÃO DO MUNICÍPIO DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA/ MT E OS POSSÍVEIS AGRAVOS A SAÚDE DA POPULAÇÃO E SUA RELAÇÃO COM A AGRICULTURA

  • Orientador : TADEU MIRANDA DE QUEIROZ
  • Data: 28/04/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Access to drinking water has been increasingly debated worldwide, measures are proposed and adopted at individual
    and collective levels (government or non-governmental bodies), so that this finite good can, at least, fulfill its
    primordial role for humans and animals, of thirst. The objective of the present work was to know and evaluate the raw
    water of the 3 collection points (Rio Sepotuba, Córregos Queimapé and Russo) for supplying the municipality of
    Tangará da Serra- MT, Brazil. Therefore, analyzes of the following variables were performed: Sulfate (SO4), Chloride
    (Cl), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Bicarbonate (HCO3), Phosphorus (P) contained in
    CONAMA Resolution No. 357/2005, with samples of raw water being collected at 3 points from September 2021 to
    August 2022, in order to contemplate the variations of the annual water regime. Based on these variables, the Renal
    Acid Load Potential (PRAL) algorithm, adapted for mineral waters, was applied. In addition to these variables, 54
    organic parameters were analyzed, mostly pesticides, also present in resolution 357/2005 of the National Council for
    the Environment (CONAMA) in January 2022 at the 3 collection points. The samples were sent and analyzed in an
    outsourced laboratory. In relation to PRAL, the trend evidenced was that in the rainy season it was more negative,
    basic, while in the dry season it was more positive, acidic. Of the 54 pesticides evaluated, only 4 were not detected
    and the others were found alone at concentrations below the limits established in national legislation.
8
  • MAYKE SILVA DOS SANTOS PEREIRA
  •  

    PROPOSTA DE MÉTODO PARA DIAGNÓSTICO DA GESTÃO NA PRODUÇÃO DE GRÃOS (DGP GRÃOS)

    Defesa dissertação Maike
    Segunda-feira, 11 de dezembro · 2:30 até 4:30pm
    Fuso horário: America/Cuiaba
    Como participar do Google Meet
    Link da videochamada: https://meet.google.com/hkw-tzaq-npr


  • Orientador : ADELICE MINETTO SZNITOWSKI
  • Data: 11/12/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Grain production in Brazil is an extremely important activity for the country's economy. With a favorable climate, vast areas of cultivation and advanced agricultural technologies, Brazil stands out as one of the main producers and exporters of grains in the world. The main grains grown in the country include soybeans, corn, wheat and rice. Despite the growth and development of agriculture in the cultivation of grains, the management of rural properties demands attention. Therefore, the general objective of the study was to structure the Management Degree Identification Method (MIGG) for Grain Producers (MIGG-Grains), based on that proposed by the Management Excellence Model of the National Quality Foundation (FNQ). For this, the methodology adopted involved MECASIS to collect secondary information and analyze existing data. Delphi was also used, which uses the opinion of specialists to reach a consensus on a given subject and the Focal Group, a technique that brings together a certain group of people to discuss and debate about a specific topic, generating insights and perceptions. The mentioned techniques allowed the proposition of a method to identify the degree of maturity in management of the producers – the MIGG-Grains. The instrument consists of a set of questions that considers 8 categories of the FNQ, which allows assessing the management status of a given rural property and thereby contributing to the improvement of management in rural properties.

9
  • VICTOR HUGO MAGALHÃES DE AMORIM
  • SELETIVIDADE DE PLANTAS (PIPERACEAE) COM ATIVIDIDADE INSETICIDA SOBRE MICROVESPAS PARASITOIDES (TRICHOGRAMMATIDAE)

  • Orientador : ALESSANDRA REGINA BUTNARIU
  • Data: 15/12/2023


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The use of chemical inputs for pest control is very common due to their efficiency and faster results. However, their indiscriminate use causes environmental and human health damage, as well as the development of resistance by pest insects. In field conditions, what often helps maintain the balance of these insects is the presence of natural enemies, such as the egg parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). However, the primary limiting factor for the parasitoid's performance is the use of non-selective insecticides, even those of biological origin, such as essential oils from plants with insecticidal properties.Seeking to assess the compatibility of using essential oils and commercial insecticides with the parasitoid's activity in agricultural systems, this study investigated the effects of two commercial products and two essential oils on adults and immature stages of T. pretiosum through laboratory bioassays. The tested commercial products were Prêmio® SC and Exalt® SC, and the essential oils were from Piper fuligineum and Piper hispidum at concentrations of 0.25%, 0.5%, 1%, 2%, and 4%, with each representing a treatment in addition to water and acetone P.A. controls. The essential oils were obtained through the hydrodistillation technique using 300 grams of fresh leaves cut into strips of approximately 1 cm and 1 liter of distilled water each for 4 hours. The tests were conducted in three bioassays.The first bioassay was carried out in glass Petri dishes, with a total of 4 dishes per treatment. The bottom of each Petri dish was sprayed according to the treatment using an airbrush adapted at a distance of 10 cm from the dish, always using the second spray. The sterile lids of the dishes received a streak of honey for feeding the adult parasitoids. In each dish, 30 adult parasitoids were released, 24 hours old. In this bioassay, the number of dead individuals was evaluated.The second bioassay was conducted in test tubes, with a total of 10 tubes per treatment. Each tube received 20 sterile eggs of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) glued to sky-blue cards with a gum arabic-based solution and previously sprayed. Then, each tube received two female parasitoids, which remained for 24 hours. Each tube was sealed with PVC plastic wrap and stored in a B.O.D. incubator for 10 days until the parasitoids emerged. In this bioassay, the number of parasitized eggs and the emerged parasitoids by sex were evaluated.The third bioassay was conducted similarly; however, the product spraying was done after offering the eggs to the female parasitoids for 24 hours. Based on the conducted bioassays, only Prêmio® is selective for T. pretiosum. The other tested products are incompatible with the parasitoid because they are highly toxic to the adults, inhibit parasitism, and the emergence of the parasitoids under the conditions of this study.

2022
Dissertações
1
  • DIEGO FERNANDO DANIEL
  • Otimização dos recursos hídricos para a cultura do milho consorciado na região sudoeste do estado de Mato Grosso

  • Orientador : RIVANILDO DALLACORT
  • Data: 02/02/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Adequate irrigation management is important to optimize this system, maximizing production, especially in intercropped systems, so that competition for water between crops does not occur. With this in mind, the use of intercropping comes as an alternative to reduce soil water evaporation and, consequently, greater availability of water for plants. Given the above, this work aims to optimize water resources for the cultivation of intercropped maize in the southwest region of the state of Mato Grosso. The work is divided into three chapters, in which the first aimed to test two models and two sizes of microlysimeters to determine soil water evaporation as a function of draining water or not. Soil water evaporation was determined using microlysimeters constructed of rigid PVC tubes. Two models of microlysimeters (with and without water drainage) and two sizes (100 and 150 mm in diameter) were tested. Two tests were performed in microlysimeters, submitted to an irrigation depth of 60 mm and then to 4 irrigation blades (15, 30, 45 and 60 mm). Soil water evaporation values did not show significant difference between sizes and models of microlysimeters, and were higher than those observed in weighing lysimeters. The microlysimeters tested in this experiment can be used to quantify soil water evaporation. The second chapter aimed to evaluate the influence of different sowing times of crotalaria in an intercropping system with off-season maize, on evapotranspiration, dual Kc values and productive characteristics of maize and crotalaria. Six weighing lysimeters were used, previously calibrated to determine the evapotranspiration of the single maize crop and with five times of crotalaria sowing between the rows. Weighing microlysimeters were used for the daily determination of soil water evaporation. With this information, the basal crop coefficient (Kcb) and the soil evaporation coefficient (Ke) were determined. The use of intercropping between maize and crotalaria at any time of sowing of crotalaria between maize rows reduced Ke values and increased Kcb values, that is, reduced soil water evaporation and increased plant transpiration. There was no competition for water in the cultivation of maize intercropped with crotalaria, when compared to the cultivation of single maize. It is possible to cultivate maize in an intercropping system at any evaluated sowing time of crotalaria. Finally, the third chapter aimed to evaluate the influence of different sowing times of crotalaria in an intercropping system with irrigated and non-irrigated off-season maize on the variability of soil moisture and temperature. The treatments consisted of different sowing times of crotalaria intercropped with the maize crop. The treatments were submitted to two environments, one under irrigation conditions and the other without irrigation. The irrigation system used was a sprinkler system with a uniformity coefficient greater than 80%, with an applied water depth of 10.38 mm h-1. To measure temperature and soil moisture, K-type thermocouple sensors and time domain reflectometry (TDR) probes were used, respectively. The intercropping of maize with crotalaria provides the soil with a smaller range of soil temperature, with higher values in an environment without irrigation compared to the irrigated environment. Soil moisture was lower in the treatment of maize in single crop.

2
  • ANILDO FERREIRA MACHADO
  • Resposta da comunidade de Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) em plantação de soja (Glycine max l.): efeitos de variáveis de paisagem e de histórico de uso do solo

  • Orientador : DIONEI JOSE DA SILVA
  • Data: 24/02/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Habitat loss from the expansion of agriculture is cited as one of the main threats to biodiversity. Agricultural landscapes are increasingly common, however, in these areas the processes and mechanisms related to the persistence of biological communities are still poorly understood. Thus, the prediction of how these communities respond to certain factors can be the basis for planning the conservation of remnants of native habitats and management practices in agricultural systems that are less aggressive. Insects in general are diverse, abundant and participate in important ecological processes for the maintenance of the ecosystem and services for humans. Therefore, they are good organisms for this type of studies. Among insects, beetles of the subfamily Scarabaeinae, “dung beetles”, (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) are indicators of changes in animal and plant communities and in ecosystem functioning, as, among other things, they are sensitive to physical and ecological changes in the habitat. The state of Mato Grosso, Midwest region of Brazil, is one of the largest producers and exporters of soybean (Glycine max L.), in which its cultivated area advances over the native vegetation in the Amazon, Cerrado and Ecotone (Amazon-Cerrado Transition). In view of this, dung beetles were collected with pitfall traps in 75 remnants of native vegetation, maintained in Legal Reserve areas, and in 99 adjacent soybean crops. First, we assess the impacts of converting native habitats into crops, identify which species are able to persist in these environments and which factors (amount of habitat, amount of pasture, time of land use as a crop and time since last grazing) influence this community; crops maintain a community distinct from that found in native environments; Pastures fields and the amount of habitats were good predictors of richness and similarity of composition, however, neither one of the variables studied has an influence on the abundance of dung beetles. Then, we analyze which factors (richness of native environment, NDVI, amount of habitat, amount of pasture and time of anthropic land use) affect the dissimilarity (beta diversity) of species composition; NVDI was the variable that most influenced the change in composition between communities and that there is a marginal effect of species richness in native environments. Therefore, our results suggest that the presence of more conserved native vegetation remnants (Legal Reserves) is important for maintaining the diversity of dung beetles in soybean growing environments, which, consequently, will favor the maintenance of functions ecological and services ecosystems.

3
  • ELIELTON GERMANO DOS SANTOS
  • FITOSSOCIOLOGIA E CONTROLE DE PLANTAS DANINHAS NA CULTURA DO GIRASSOL NA REGIÃO DOS PARECIS – MT.
  • Orientador : MIRIAM HIROKO INOUE
  • Data: 07/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Sunflower has a slow initial growth, which makes it very sensitive to weed interference, making it necessary to plan strategies to minimize the effects of these interferences. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the weeds present throughout the crop cycle and to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of herbicides applied in the control of weeds in the sunflower crop. The survey was carried out in three areas cultivated with sunflower at different stages of crop development (35 and 100 days after emergence). The square inventory method (0.25 x 0.25 m) was used randomly launched 160 times between the rows of the crop. The plants were identified according to species, popular name and family. Then, the following were calculated: frequency, relative frequency, density, relative density, abundance, relative abundance, importance value index, relative importance value index and similarity index of areas and times. Allied to this strategy, the use of pre-emergent herbicides to control weeds becomes essential, however, little is known about the selectivity of herbicides for the crop. To evaluate the effects of herbicides, a randomized block design was used, with treatments in a 4 x 2 + 2 factorial scheme, with four replications, in which the first factor represented the herbicides s-metalachlor (1920 g ai ha-1 ), sulfentrazone (600 g ai ha-1), flumioxazin (40 g ai ha-1) and trifluralin (1780 g ai ha-1), the second the two controls, one weeded and the other without application and without weeding, and the third two types of soil (sandy and clayey). The application of herbicides was carried out in pre-emergence of the crop, using a CO2 pressurized back sprayer. Phytotoxicity evaluations of sunflower and weed control plants were carried out at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after emergence. At full flowering of the sunflower, height and stem diameter were determined. After the physiological maturation phase, the head diameter, weight of a thousand achenes and yield were quantified. It was found that the most representative species in the studied areas were Bidens pilosa and Euphorbia hirta with a relative importance index higher than 15% in both periods evaluated. When weed control was not carried out, there was a reduction of up to 10.3% in productivity. The herbicides s-metalachlor, flumioxazin and trifluralin showed the best weed control. There was no effect of phytotoxicity on the crop, which is due to the low rainfall during the test.

4
  • ANGÉLICA PADILHA DE FREITAS
  • AVALIAÇÃO DE CULTIVARES DE ABACAXIZEIRO EM FUNÇÃO DA PRODUÇÃO, QUALIDADE E ANÁLISE SENSORIAL DE FRUTOS EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA-MT

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 15/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • There are more than 100 pineapple cultivars, however, only about eight are commercially cultivated, with the Smooth Cayenne cultivar being the most cultivated worldwide. In Brazil, production is distributed firstly by the Pérola cultivar and later by Smooth Cayenne. However, new cultivars have not been commercially launched. Since the use of these cultivars by producers has been low in the country and they need to be evaluated regarding adaptation and productivity so that they can be indicated to rural producers, the objective of this work was to evaluate the productivity and quality of fruits of cultivars of pineapple. Experiment one was implemented in May 2018. The experimental design used was in randomized blocks, with five replications and 20 plants per plot and spacing of 120x40x40cm. The cultivars evaluated were Pérola, BRS Imperial, Jupi, BRS Vitória, Smooth Cayenne, IAC Fantástico, BRS Ajubá and Gigante de Tarauacá. It could be observed that, despite the improved cultivars BRS Imperial, BRS Vitória and IAC Fantástico being resistant to fusariosis, not having thorns and having good qualitative characteristics, they had very low fruit mass. In turn, the cultivar BRS Ajubá stands out, which despite having good qualitative characteristics, being resistant to fusariosis and not showing thorns, obtained a good mass of fruit, being considered a good option for producers. The cultivars BRS Imperial, BRS Ajubá and IAC Fantástico are the most attractive to the consumer from a sensory point of view, due to their appearance, flavor and ideal sweetness. In addition to being resistant to fusariosis and not having thorns, characteristics that benefit rural producers.

5
  • DEBORA SARANA ORTOLAN ARANTES
  • INDUÇÃO NATURAL E ARTIFICIAL EM CULTIVARES DO ABACAXIZEIRO

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 21/03/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Pineapple is a much appreciated fruit and has been standing out among several fruit trees grown throughout the country. Pineapple consumption is almost 60% in natura, and it is estimated that in the months of October to March it is the one with the highest consumption, in relation to the other months. For fresh consumption, it is essential that the fruit has an adequate size and characteristics such as sweetness for the consumer, where it will consequently achieve better prices on the market. Therefore, the objective of this work was to evaluate the occurrence of natural and artificial induction on the characteristics of three pineapple cultivars and to verify the behavior of eight cultivars against the cold, in order to identify a more tolerant cultivar to the induction of natural flowering. The experiment was carried out in the fruit growing experimental area of the State University of Mato Grosso - Unemat, in Tangará da Serra - MT. In both experiments, the design used was randomized blocks. In experiment 1 it was a 3x2 factorial (cultivars x flowering induction), and the evaluated cultivars were Pérola, Jupi and Gigante de Tarauacá. And for experiment two, the cultivars Pérola, BRS Imperial, Jupi, BRS Vitória, Smooth Cayenne, IAC Fantástico, BRS Ajubá and Gigante de Tarauacá were evaluated. The cultivars were left to induce naturally, being evaluated weekly from May to September 2019. In experiment one, for the vegetative characteristics leaf width D and number of active leaves, there was a significant difference at 1% probability and for plant height and leaf length D, there was a significant difference at 5% probability. In experiment two, the cultivars showed a difference for the percentage of naturally induced plants (PPI). The cultivars BRS Imperial and Smooth Cayenne had 0% of induced plants and the cultivar IAC Fantástico had 9%, while the cultivars BRS Ajubá and BRS Vitória had 32 and 31% of induced plants respectively and the cultivars Gigante de Tarauacá, Jupi and Pérola had 100% of the plants naturally induced. It is concluded that with the plant at the proper size, natural flowering does not reduce fruit size and the cultivars Smooth Cayenne, BRS Imperial and IAC Fantástico were tolerant to natural induction of flowering.

6
  • MAGNO LOPES RIBEIRO
  •  

    ANÁLISE DE USABILIDADE E ATUALIZAÇÃO DA PLATAFORMA DIGITAL DIRETO DA ROÇA MT

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 11/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract

  • Information and Communication Technology resources are part of people's daily lives, present today in the most different areas. Common in urban areas is gradually extending to rural areas, where, for a number of factors, it mainly serves larger producers. In this sense, producers classified as family members, who are usually small producers, need the support of institutions commonly linked to the public sphere, whether municipal, state or federal, for their provision. This article sought to evaluate, through a semi-structured questionnaire, the Direto da Roça MT platform (www.diretodarocamt.com.br), an initiative of this type of resource offered through the MT Horticultura program, an extension project from UNEMAT – University of the State of Mato Grosso. The platform is a virtual shop window with the objective of displaying products and producers on the internet, in a way that helps as a new sales channel bringing the producer closer to the consumer. The main results obtained were indicators of the platform's efficiency and its contributions to producers, as well as the need for structural adjustments.

7
  • DHIEGO PEREIRA KRAUSE
  • Análise agroclimática da viabilidade reprodutiva do maracujazeiro azedo

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 28/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    Brazil, despite being the world's largest producer of passion fruit (P. edulis), with 602,651 tons in an area of 43,248 ha-1, has an average productivity considered low, around 14.1 t ha-1. This low productivity is mainly attributed to climatic factors, diseases and cultural treatments. Thus, it is important that new technologies are incorporated into this culture, which represents an excellent source of income for producers, especially in the family farming segment. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the growth and development of passion fruit in different cultivation environments. The experiment was carried out in the experimental area of the State University of Mato Grosso - UNEMAT. The experimental design was in randomized blocks, in a 2 x 2 factorial scheme (cultivars x growing environment) with four replications and five plants per plot. The experiment was conducted using two cultivation environments. Environment 1 was implemented in an open field and environment 2 in an arc-type agricultural greenhouse, 7 m wide by 20 m long, with sides 3.5 m above ground level and a central arch of 5 m. The polyethylene used in the roof has a thickness of 120 microns and the sides with a thermo-reflective screen 50%. The protected environment will be predominantly oriented in a geographic north-south direction. Environment 2 will be in the field, with the plant conduction system in the form of a vertical espalier, 2.5 m posts, with a spacing of 6.0 m with a number 12 smooth wire strand from 2.0 m from the ground. Fortnightly evaluations of plant height (AP), stem diameter (DC), number of leaves (NF) and number of days to prune the main stem (NDHP) were carried out, which were the number of days spent for the main stem of the plant to reach a height of 2.00 m, when the blunting was performed to break the apical dominance. Height measurements were taken with a measuring tape, taking the soil surface to its apex as a reference. Stem diameter was measured with a caliper at a height of 5 cm from the ground. For the absolute growth rate of plant height (TACAP) and stem diameter (TACDC) and percentage increment (PI), there was a significant effect for the environments and only TACAP and TACDC showed differences in cultivars, and there was no interaction between the treatments for the environment and cultivars. The highest growth rates occurred in the use of environment 1 (agricultural greenhouse) and cultivar 2 (FB300). Thus, the use of an agricultural greenhouse can improve initial growth and passion fruit performance.

8
  • ELIZA VITORIA MARINHO VIANA
  • RISCO AMBIENTAL DOS INSETICIDAS UTILIZADOS EM SISTEMAS AGRÍCOLAS NO MATO GROSSO E O USO DE FEROMÔNIO COMO ESTRATÉGIA SUSTENTÁVEL PARA O MANEJO DE LEPIDÓPTEROS-PRAGA

     

  • Orientador : MONICA JOSENE BARBOSA PEREIRA
  • Data: 29/04/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  

    The large extensions of cultivated areas in Brazil often generate phytosanitary problems, which have increased the use of pesticides. Consequently, there is a concern regarding the potential for contamination that these compounds can cause in the environment, and the proposal of the Environmental Risk Index (ERI) serves as a tool for managing the environmental impacts of pesticides. In addition, the search for more effective management tactics, such as the use of pheromones, has been a promising technology that aims to reduce the deleterious effects of insecticides on the agroecosystem. Given these possibilities, the objectives of this work were: (i) to carry out an ERI based on the main insecticides used to control lepidopteran pests in the state of Mato Grosso; (ii) to evaluate in the field experimental formulations of the sex pheromone of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), one of the main agricultural pests in the country. Data on the amount of insecticides consumed were collected from the Instituto de Defesa Agropecuária de Mato Grosso (INDEA) and their physicochemical characteristics were obtained from the Pesticide Properties Database (PPDB) of the University of Hertfordshire and from the Pesticide Properties Database (PPD) of the US Department of Agriculture. The ERI parameters used were: soil persistence, leaching, volatility, toxicological profile and recommended dose. Regarding the evaluation of the pheromone, field tests were carried out in soybean, corn and cotton crops during the 2020/21 harvest. Five treatments were evaluated, being two experimental formulations (F1 and F2), one commercial formulation (FC), virgin females as a positive control (CP) and hexane as a negative control (NC). The main insecticides used to control pests in Mato Grosso which had a total of 20,249,521.90 kg of active ingredients (a.i.), in which the main ones were ordered in descending order of environmental risk: malathion > methoxyfenozide > chloranthraniliprole > flubendiamide≥ beta-cyfluthrin> lufenuron≥ methomyl≥ bifenthrin> lambda-cyhalothrin≥ alpha-cypermethrin ≥ cyantraniliprole≥ permethrin≥ chlorfenapyr≥ chlopyrifos≥ profenofos≥ thiodicarb> indoxacarb≥ zeta-cypermethrin≥ cypermethrin≥ teflubenzuron≥ spinetoram> triflumuron≥ acefate. This last insecticide, despite being moderately toxic to animal life, had the lowest ERI due to low persistence, leaching and volatility. In general, all substances showed medium to very high toxicity levels, which is a worrying factor if they reach non-target populations, such as bees, fish and birds. As for the pheromone evaluations, the average capture in the soybean crop of F1 (26.86), F2 (19.14) and CP (30.6) did not differ from one another but differed from FC (41.66) and of CN (0.66) (p<0.5). In corn there was no statistical difference between the means collected in F1 (28.90), F2 (28.55), CP (30.75) and FC (25.05) (p>0.5). On the other hand, in cotton, F1 (6.95) and F2 (6.89) did not differ from each other, but differed from CP (19.60), FC (16.27) and CN (0.22) (p< 0.5). Considering the results presented, it is expected that the ERI contributes to risk management and decision making that cause less environmental impact. Added to this tool, the experimental formulations have the potential to be used in the monitoring of S. frugiperda, especially in soybean and corn crops, as they can indicate the most opportune moment to introduce control measures, aiming at optimizing management effectiveness.

9
  • DAYANE FRANCO DE MOURA
  • CAPINS IRRIGADOS COM EFLUENTE MISTO TRATADO DE ABATEDOURO DE AVES E BOVINOS

  • Orientador : TADEU MIRANDA DE QUEIROZ
  • Data: 04/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of the present work is to evaluate the production of forage species (BRS Piatã, Marandu, BRS Zuri and Mombasa) submitted to irrigation with mixed effluent from a poultry and cattle slaughterhouse, considering the quality of the wastewater used. The experiment was conducted in Tangará da Serra - MT, from December 2020, month of planting, to October 31, 2021,

    so that the collections were carried out between August 20, 2021 and October 31, 2021. experimental design used was in randomized blocks, in a 4x2 factorial scheme, with 8 treatments with four replications each, composing 16 plots in the irrigated area and 16 plots in the rainfed area. According to the qualitative analysis of the effluent, there are 0.91 mg L

    -1

     of Nitrate, 18.80 mg L

    -1

     of Total Phosphate and 40.10 mg L

    -1

     of Potassium. The use of effluent influenced the variables plant height, dry mass per tiller, total dry mass of leaves and total dry mass of stems in a positive way, regardless of the cultivars. Among the cultivars evaluated, regardless of the use of effluent, those belonging to the genus Panicum stood out positively, with Mombasa being the best followed by BRS Zuri.
10
  • KRISLEY SEIBEL TONDIM
  • PLANTAS DA FAMÍLIA PIPERACEA: POTENCIAL INSETICIDA SOBRE O PERCEVEJO DA SOJA E SEU PARASITÓIDE DE OVOS

  • Orientador : ALESSANDRA REGINA BUTNARIU
  • Data: 18/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract

  • Soybean is an oilseed with numerous consumption purposes, such as oil, milk, cheese, among others, becoming one of the main foodstuffs for Brazilian families as it is directly interconnected with the country's economy, this oilseed is extremely rich in protein, serving also for the elaboration of bran and animal feed. However, the expansion of this grain crop in Brazil has led to the increase of several pests, especially the brown stink bug, Euschistus heros F. This insect poses risks to crops as it affects the crop at various stages of development, mainly compromising the formation of pods, which causes losses of up to 30% in the productive capacity or even in the progress of the seeds. From this issue, the objective was: 1) to investigate the action of plant-based phytoinsecticides from the Piperaceae family as a possible alternative for the control of the brown bug; The bioassays were carried out in the laboratories of the Center for Agro-Environmental Research, Studies and Development (CPEDA) of the State University of Mato Grosso (UNEMAT), Professor Eugênio Carlos Stieler University Campus, and chromatography was carried out at the Natural Products and Ecology Laboratory Chemistry (LAPNEQ) of the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR). In the experiments, essential oils obtained from the leaves of three species of Piperaceae (Piper hispidum Sw., Piper marginatum L. and Piper aff. divaricatum G. Mey.) were tested. The leaves were dried in a forced air ow oven at 40 °C and ground until reaching low granulometry. The plant material obtained was extracted by hydrodistillation and water vapor dragging using the Clevenger apparatus for four hours. For the insecticide bioassays, eggs of the stink bug E. heros from farms established in the laboratory were used. Five different concentrations of essential oils of the three species of Piper (0.25%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0% and 4.0%) and two control treatments, one with water and the other only, were tested. with acetone solvent, on pest eggs. All tests were kept in a BOD air-conditioned chamber at 25 ± 1°C, 14 hours photophase and 70% RH. It was observed that the three species studied showed insecticidal effects on brown stink bug eggs and lethal effect on hatched nymphs. Piper marginatum stood out among the plants studied, as it caused high inviability of pest eggs. 2) The second chapter evaluated the phytoinsecticide effect of essential oils from three species of the Piperacea family, on immature T. podisi. Bioassays were carried out before and after parasitism, with seven treatments and 10 repetitions each, in a completely randomized design. The treatments were two controls (distilled water T1 and acetone T2) and five different concentrations of essential oils of each species of Piper (0.25%T3, 0.5%T4, 1.0%T5, 2.0%T6 and 4.0%T7). It can be seen that the pre-parasitism experiment resulted in less emergence of parasitoids, compared to controls, as well as influenced the sex ratio; Unlike the post-parasitism experiment, with the exception of treatments T6 and T7 in which no parasitoid emergence was verified, for the three species of Piper surveyed, there was a decrease in the birth of T. podisi, however it did not affect the sex ratio. Presenting itself as a promising alternative as a low environmental impact phytoinsecticide.

11
  • JUSCELIA VICTOR GARCIA SILVA
  • AQUAPONIA: UMA ANÁLISE ECONÔMICA DE UM CONSÓRCIO PRODUTIVO COM TILÁPIAS (Nilo Oreochromis niloticus) E ALFACE (LACTUCA SATIVA)

     

     

     

  • Orientador : CLECI GRZEBIELUCKAS
  • Data: 19/05/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Aquaponics is a form of farming that fits sustainable food production standards by uniting diverse cultures and reducing nutrient waste. The research aimed to evaluate the economic viability of an aquaponic system in the production of fish intercropped with lettuce, in a rural property in the municipality of Tangará da Serra - MT, and as specific objectives to characterize the aquaponic system; identify the elements necessary for the implementation of the project; estimate costs and revenues and develop cash flows. It is a descriptive research, quantitative approach and the analysis tools were Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Return on Investment (Payback) and Cost/Benefit Ratio. The Minimum Attractiveness Rate (TMA) was 5.15%. The project showed economic viability even in various pessimistic scenarios and the average time to payback the investment was approximately two and a half years.

     

12
  • DEBORA SARANA ORTOLAN ARANTES
  • INDUÇÃO NATURAL E ARTIFICIAL EM CULTIVARES DO ABACAXIZEIRO

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 20/06/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Pineapple is a much appreciated fruit and has been standing out among several fruit trees grown throughout the country. Pineapple consumption is almost 60% in natura, and it is estimated that in the months of October to March it is the one with the highest consumption, in relation to the other months. For fresh consumption, it is essential that the fruit has an adequate size and characteristics such as sweetness for the consumer, where it will consequently achieve better prices on the market. Therefore, the objective of this work was to evaluate the occurrence of natural and artificial induction on the characteristics of three pineapple cultivars and to verify the behavior of eight cultivars against the cold, in order to identify a more tolerant cultivar to the induction of natural flowering. The experiment was carried out in the fruit growing experimental area of the State University of Mato Grosso - Unemat, in Tangará da Serra - MT. In both experiments, the design used was randomized blocks. In experiment 1 it was a 3x2 factorial (cultivars x flowering induction), and the evaluated cultivars were Pérola, Jupi and Gigante de Tarauacá. And for experiment two, the cultivars Pérola, BRS Imperial, Jupi, BRS Vitória, Smooth Cayenne, IAC Fantástico, BRS Ajubá and Gigante de Tarauacá were evaluated. The cultivars were left to induce naturally, being evaluated weekly from May to September 2019. In experiment one, for the vegetative characteristics leaf width D and number of active leaves, there was a significant difference at 1% probability and for plant height and leaf length D, there was a significant difference at 5% probability. In experiment two, the cultivars showed a difference for the percentage of naturally induced plants (PPI). The cultivars BRS Imperial and Smooth Cayenne had 0% of induced plants and the cultivar IAC Fantástico had 9%, while the cultivars BRS Ajubá and BRS Vitória had 32 and 31% of induced plants respectively and the cultivars Gigante de Tarauacá, Jupi and Pérola had 100% of the plants naturally induced. It is concluded that with the plant at the proper size, natural flowering does not reduce fruit size and the cultivars Smooth Cayenne, BRS Imperial and IAC Fantástico were tolerant to natural induction of flowering.

13
  • RAFAEL ROSA ROCHA
  • CULTIVO DO MELÃO SOB AGROTÊXTIL AUMENTA A PRODUÇÃO E REDUZ PRODUTOS FITOSSANITÁRIOS 

  • Orientador : SANTINO SEABRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 11/07/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Melon is one of the most exported vegetable conditions by Brazil, however an action of pest insects and unfavorable weather can interfere with fruit productivity and, consequently, quality. In this context, our objective was to evaluate the influence of melon cover on yield, physical-chemical and biochemical parameters. Four permanence under agrotextile blanket (0; 21; 26; 31 days after transplantationAT)), in four hybrids of yellow honey (Gold mine, Soleares, Lual and Natal) were studied (D and 31 days after transplantation) and of fruit quality. The length of stay in the agrotex blanket interfered with the quality of the hybrids, however, the coverage times 21 and 26 DAT showed the best results for the fruits. Among the hybrids, the fruits of the Solar cultivar showed the best response to the treatments in terms of production number (Total productivity – PT and commercial – PC; of total fruit - NFT and commercial - NFC). When we observed the quality parameters (maturation index - IM, pH, soluble solids content - SS) the fruits of the cultivar Natal showed the best results. In this way, the use of the blanket in the products21 and 26 provides excellent results in terms of production parameters and quality of the products suited to the need to use products suitable for quality, to the need to use phytosanitary products. As for the choice of the necessary cultivar from the producer's requirements.

14
  • JOSÉ BISPO DOS SANTOS NETO
  • VIABILIDADE DA PRODUÇÃO in vivo DE BACULOVIRUS SPODOPTERA EM ESTRUTURAS MODULARES

  • Orientador : ALESSANDRA REGINA BUTNARIU
  • Data: 14/07/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The complexity of rearing structures is one of the main problems for biofactories and laboratories, because some entomopathogenic microorganisms such as spodoptera virus frugiperda multiple nucleopolyherovirus (SfMNPV) have as specific host only Caterpillars S. frugiperda, hindering the mass production of this biological agent "in vivo". Thus, the objective was to evaluate the in vivo production method of SfMNPV in S. frugiperda within modular structures, based on the preparation of a practical structure that met an average property of cereal cultivation in the state of Mato Grosso. The objective was to establish the best structural configuration, as well as quantify operational expenses and the feasibility of costs and processes. For this, modular structures were developed in containers for the production of caterpillars. Each container is the size of 06 meters (20 feet), with eight shelves of 100 x 40cm with individualized lighting between the divisions, for the creation of S. frugiperda, which holds cages for moths and plastic containers with artificial diet for caterpillars or for the allocation of caterpillars contaminated with the virus. Aiming at maintaining temperature (25°C), humidity (60%) and photophase (12 h), an automated control system was installed in each container working indefinitely for the setting of S. frugiperda. It was possible to achieve the maximum production within the rearing unit, with operational work of four people with a workload of 40 hours per week, an accumulated of about 55,000 individualized caterpillars, which were subsequently sent to the contamination unit, where they were contaminated at ages of 7.10,11 and 12 days, evaluating the best productive index by weight and quantifying the need for caterpillars necessary for the formulation of a commercial dose. The research demonstrated the best productivity contaminating caterpillars of 10 days of age resulting in a price of R$ 8.85 per dose for application per hectare, providing about 120000 doses per year for application, within the modulated modular structure, taking into account doses according to baculovirus assets already used commercially and approved by the ministries of agriculture,  for the control of S. frugiperda.    

15
  • KEYTH LORAYNE PEREIRA SANTOS CAVALLI
  • Distribuição espacial dos acidentes de trabalho em segmentos do agronegócio nas regiões de Mato Grosso.

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 04/11/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Mato Grosso is one of the Brazilian states with the highest growth in agribusiness, accompanied by deforestation and an increase in the occurrence of work accidents. Research on this topic should consider the diversification of production processes, but, despite the growing number of works on the subject, there is still a lack of studies that specifically assess the agribusiness sector. Therefore, the objective was to analyze and compare the distribution of work accidents in this segment, reported in the regions of Mato Grosso, from 2016 to 2020. A descriptive and quantitative study was developed, based on the Communications of Work Accidents (CAT), registered with the National Institute of Social Security (INSS). There were reported 11,018 CAT, 4,343 accidents with a treatment duration of more than 15 days and 121 fatal accidents in agricultural support activities in the State. The incidence rate was 45.77 accidents per thousand workers. In the period studied, there were no significant changes in the numbers in the analyzed segments. The Southeast macro-region stood out with 2,613 (23.72%) notifications, 902 accidents lasting more than 15 days of treatment and 24 (19.83%) deaths. Work-related accidents stood out in the sectors of operation of machinery for processing agricultural products, steering wheel worker in agriculture, mechanical maintenance of agricultural machinery and livestock worker (cattle).

16
  • PAULA DE PAULA SOUSA E SILVA
  • As principais políticas públicas de infraestrutura viária no estado de Mato Grosso durante o período de 2002 a 2022.

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 04/11/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Public policies are important tools used by the State to develop plans and actions that will guarantee rights and improvements for society. In this sense, the objective of this study was to identify which public policies were developed to benefit the road infrastructure sector in the state of Mato Grosso. The research is qualitative of the bibliographical-documentary type, with a time frame of 2002 to 2022. It was concluded that there are no specific public policies aimed exclusively at benefiting the state's road infrastructure; what was found were some programs that ensure a contribution to the development, reform and maintenance of this sector, such as Fethab.

17
  • MATHEUS FELIPE DE SOUZA
  • AGRICULTURA URBANA E PERIURBANA: UM OLHAR SOB A PERSPECTIVA DAS PUBLICAÇÕES E APLICABILIDADE

  • Orientador : CLECI GRZEBIELUCKAS
  • Data: 21/11/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Food production in the backyards of homes or in idle urban public spaces is increasingly gaining popular and political notoriety. In this sense, the objective of the study was to characterize the practices of urban and peri-urban agriculture in the backyards of the municipality of Poconé - MT. The snowball or snowball sampling technique was used and as a collection instrument a semi-structured form, photographs and on-site observation were used. The results showed that people plant because they have a traditional family culture, as well as social practices when they exchange solidarity with people close to them and practice sustainability through agricultural management through composting and water reuse

18
  • DEBORA LUIZA FONTANA GOTARDO
  • ANÁLISE DE VIABILIDADE ECONÔMICA DO MARACUJÁ AZEDO INCLUINDO O CUSTO DA ÁGUA: UM ESTUDO EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA – MT

  • Orientador : CLECI GRZEBIELUCKAS
  • Data: 22/11/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of the research is to evaluate the economic viability of the cultivation of sour passion fruit including the value of the water resource in a rural property in Tangará da Serra - MT, and as specific objectives, to estimate the cost of water use in irrigation, to raise the conventional costs and revenues, and develop cash flows through scenarios. The data were collected in loco, monthly and submitted to the Net Present Value (NPV) analysis tools; Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Time of Return on Capital (Payback) and Cost-Benefit Analysis (ACB). The project proved to be viable from an economic point of view, as it had a positive NPV and an IRR above the required TMA. In scenario two, when the cost of water is included, the indicators showed negligible differences.

19
  • GABRIELLI STEINHOWSER MACHADO SANCHES
  • A INFLUÊNCIA DO CAMPO NA FORMAÇÃO DAS CIDADES: UMA ANÁLISE DOS PLANOS DIRETORES DAS CIDADES DE MAIOR PRODUÇÃO AGRÍCOLA EM MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 30/11/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The analysis of urban public policies has become a very effective tool for determining parameters that directly interfere in the management, development, and urban planning system. In this aspect, this research aims to analyze the demographic projection of the cities of Mato-Grosso in parallel with their agricultural production values in the period from 2015 to 2020, according to data from the Municipal Agricultural Production (PAM) survey, in addition to verifying compliance of its Master Plans compared to the City Statute (Law 10,257/2001), as an analysis of public policy for urban planning. In this research, data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, documents related to public policies made available by municipal governments, and data from bibliographic research from related studies were used. The correlation test between the variables of population projection and production value showed low significance, demonstrating little relationship between population growth and agricultural production value. The results showed the need to review some points of the Master Plans - since it is carried out, by law, every 10 years -, and only one city is not in compliance with all aspects provided for by law, with the others showing great concern with sustainable development in its Master Plans.

20
  • SIMONE NORBERTO DA SILVA
  • Atributos de qualidade, compostos funcionais e atividade antioxidante de diferentes partes de polpas de híbridos de mini melancias

  • Orientador : SANTINO SEABRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 14/12/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.) is one of the most demanded fruit vegetables in the world, its demand is related to its low caloric content, freshness and nutritional properties, in addition to being a source of several functional compounds such as vitamin C, lycopene, flavonoids, among others. . However, these compounds may vary according to the cultivated genotype, pulp color and part of the evaluated fruit. Thus, the objective was to analyze the physicochemical attributes, functional compounds and antioxidant activity of different parts of the pulps of the fruits of mini watermelon hybrids. For this purpose, three different parts of mini watermelon fruits (1- central pulp endocarp, 2- distal pulp endocarp and 3- mesocarp between the rind) of mini watermelon hybrids 'Smile', 'Champagne', 'Sharoline' and 'Fenway'. The parameters evaluated were: soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity, ratio, levels of vitamin C, lycopene, β-carotene, flavonoids, phenolic and total phenolic acids and the antioxidant potential through different methods - scavenging of radicals ABTS, DPPH and reducing power of iron-FRAP. Among the mini watermelon hybrids evaluated, 'Smile' had the highest content of soluble solids. On the other hand, 'Sharoline' and 'Champagne' presented higher levels of vitamin C. 'Smile' and 'Sharoline' presented the best results regarding the content of functional compounds, having higher levels of lycopene, β-carotene, flavonoids, phenolic and total phenolic acids. , giving them good results of antioxidant activity. 'Champagne' stood out due to the good results in vitamin C, phenolic and total phenolic acids and antioxidant activity and due to its yellowish pulp, it had low lycopene contents, which combined with its flavor makes it a differentiated mini watermelon option. The central endocarp is the part of the fruit with the highest concentration of functional compounds and antioxidant activity. In the distal endocarp, there is a high concentration of carotenoids in the Smile and Champagne hybrids, and the mesocarp has a high concentration of phenolic compounds, which can be consumed or even used in agribusiness.

21
  • ISABELA CAROLINE SANCHES MIGUEL
  • FATORES DE RISCO PARA A SAÚDE DECORRENTES DO ESTRESSE POR CALOR EM AGRICULTORES FEIRANTES EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA - MT

  • Orientador : ANA CLÁUDIA PEREIRA TERÇAS TRETTEL
  • Data: 15/12/2022


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of this study was to relate heat stress with mental health and with the agricultural production system of fairground farmers in Tangará da Serra - MT. The first study is a cross-sectional study, with a sample composed of 111 marketers from Mato Grosso. Data were collected in March 2022, using semi-structured questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported heat stress, health history, and mental health aspects of the DSM-5 Self-Reported Level 1 Symptoms Scale. Chi-square tests, Fisher's exact test and crude prevalence ratios were performed, with confidence intervals of 95% and a significance level of 5%. The second is a descriptive epidemiological study that verified the occurrence and distribution of meteorological variables (total accumulated monthly precipitation, monthly average of temperature and relative air humidity - maximum, average and minimum), obtained from the meteorological station INMET - Instituto Nacional of Meteorology for the period from January 2012 to December 2021; and information on mortality obtained from the website of the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), in the period from 2012 to 2020, filtered using General Mortality by the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10), by place of residence from 2012, in the municipality of Tangará da Serra – MT. All age groups, sex, color, marital status and education were included. In the bivariate analysis, self-reported heat stress was associated with having been exposed to the sun during rural work between 1 and less than 10 years (p=0.015*), presenting signs and symptoms of weakness (p=0.001*), nausea (p=0.001*), =0.035*), headache (p=0.020*), cramps (p=0.003*), rashes (p=0.019*RV) and mental confusion (p=0.008*RV), there was also an association with statistically significant values with symptoms depression (p=0.031*), mania (p=0.006*), somatic symptoms (p=0.034*), sleep disorder (p=0.011*) and substance use (p=0.011*). 

2021
Dissertações
1
  • ROBERTO PATEL JUNIOR
  • HABILIDADE COMPETITIVA E SELETIVIDADE DE PASTAGENS DO BIOMA AMAZÔNICO

  • Orientador : ANA CAROLINA DIAS GUIMARAES
  • Data: 19/02/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Agricultural and livestock activities carried out in the Amazon region have been criticized in recent years, and the pressure for a production system that is less impactful to the environment is constantly growing. Many ranchers in northern Mato Grosso have faced serious problems with the degradation of pastures, causing large productivity losses. It is estimated that around 50% of Brazilian pastures are degraded, reducing productivity and animal support capacity, and consequentre placement of forage plants by invasive plants. The degree of competition and interference of invasive plants is related to the morphological and physiological characteristics of the weed community. In this scenario, many ranchers opt for the complete reform of the pasture, replacing the forage species, without first performing a complete and efficient diagnosis of the area and then applying the necessary control methods and the proper corrections of soil fertility, which ends up continuing the degradation processes. Therefore, performing an accurate diagnosis of the area, evaluating the levels of degradation and defining strategies for the recovery of degraded areas is fundamental for the advancement of a concise, efficient and sustainable system. To evaluate the initial weed and forage weeds in the initial phase of the crop at three levels of soil fertility. And to evaluate the selectivity and efficiency of pre-emergent herbicide control in pasture. Article 1 aimed to study the relationship of productive interference caused by the forest competition between the weed species Paspalum virgatum L. (grass - razor) and the forage species Panicum maximum cv. Mombaça, in three different levels of soil fertility. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the University Campus of Alta Floresta - UNEMAT, with the substitute series methodology, with three levels of soil fertility, thus composing a 5x3 factorial scheme. The variables were evaluated at 60 DAE, being plant height, number of byes, and shoot dry mass. The data were analyzed using the graphical analysis method, constructing diagrams based on yields or relative and total variations. The competitiveness indexes, grouping coefficient and relative aggressiveness were also determined. This article describes the results of interference of the initial forest competition on the different levels of soil fertility. Article 2 was conducted in a rural property in Alta Floresta - MT, with the objective of evaluating the weed control efficiency of the herbicide atrazine, applied in pre-emergence on the initial pasture formation of the species Panicum maximum cv. Massai. The experimental design used was in ranges, with factorial 8 x 2 with three replications, being 48 plots of 5 x 6 m, where the treatments consisted of eight doses of the herbicide atrazine applied in pre-emergence in two planting systems, no-go and conventional. The variables were analyzed at 60 DAA, which were the presence of phytotoxicity, DM accumulation and height of Massai grass plants, and visual evaluation of weed control efficiency. The data were submitted to variance analysis with application of the F test. In this article, the results and discussions about herbicide control efficiency in initial pasture formation are described.

2
  • OKSANA APARECIDA DE LARA HUNGARO
  • SISTEMAS INTEGRADOS DE PRODUÇÃO E SEUS IMPACTOS NAS CARACTERÍSTICAS FÍSICAS, MICROBIOLÓGICAS DO SOLO E PRODUTIVIDADE NO CERRADO MATO-GROSSENSE

  • Orientador : MARCO ANTONIO CAMILLO DE CARVALHO
  • Data: 26/02/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Integrated production systems and their impacts on the physical, microbiological characteristics of the soil and on productivity in the Brazilian Savannah of Mato Grosso. This research evaluated physical and microbiological attributes of the soil and also evaluated agricultural, livestock and forestry productivity in the property used as a research unit and analyzed state productivity averages as parameters. The property is located in the municipality of Campo Novo do Parecis - MT. For the physical and microbiological analyzes, five distinct areas were considered and different means of production, being Livestock crop integration - ILP, forest crop integration - ILF, livestock forest integration - IPF, conventional livestock - PC and crop under no-tillage - LSD. A sixth area was used as a witness since it is an area of native cerrado fragment, which has no apparent anthropization. The data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance and the means compared by the Scott-Knott test at 5% probability. From the results obtained it was found that for the physical attributes they were grounded in relation to the native area, where loss of quality is observed in all systems. Considering the biological attributes and the organic matter content of the soil it was identified that the uses caused an improvement or did not alter the microbilic quality of the soil. In order to analyze productivity, relative indicators (covering any type of property and any productive system) were used in previous studies developed by ESALQ and CEPEA. In the productivity analysis, it was possible to identify that the studied property, which works with an integrated production system, presented results above the state averages when considering the livestock and agriculture indicators for soybeans and corn, with results lower than the only for cotton growing. The property does not have productivity data from forestry production, so it was not possible to make this analysis

3
  • JHON WITTOR ARAUJO NUNES
  • QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA APLICADO AO DESENVOLVIMENTO AGRÍCOLA E AMBIENTAL NA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO JAUQUARA, MATO GROSSO.

  • Orientador : TADEU MIRANDA DE QUEIROZ
  • Data: 05/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The central question of this research was to analyze the physical-chemical data of water quality in the Jauquara
    River Basin (BHRJ) for water use in irrigation and for human consumption, verifying that they are within the limits
    established by the literature. To this end, methodological strategies were adopted to be applied at 21 BHRJ collection
    points using the variables of Hydrogenionic Potential (pH), Electrical Conductivity (EC), Chloride (Cl-),
    Calcium (Ca2 +), Magnesium (Mg2 +), Potassium (K +), Sodium (Na +), Hardness (Dur), Bicarbonate (HCO3-),
    Phosphorus (P), Nitrogen (N) and Dissolved Oxygen (OD). Some of these variables were used to calculate the water
    quality indexes for irrigation, such as: the Kelly Index (IK), the Percentage of Soluble Sodium (PSS), the Hardness
    expressed in French Hydrotimetric Degrees (GHF), the Index of Permeability (IP), Magnesium Adsorption Ratio (RAMg)
    and Sodium Adsorption Ratio (RAS), and the classifications of these ratios were based on the existing literature. While
    the acceptable data for human consumption will be evaluated by Annex XX of Consolidation Ordinance n. 05 from the
    Ministry of Health. The statistical techniques used were the average, the maximum and minimum values, normality
    test by the Shapiro-Wilk methods and the Chi square test (X2) and multivariate analysis, namely Cluster Analysis
    ( AA) and Factor Analysis / Principal Component Analysis (AF / ACP). The results referring to the general analysis
    of BHRJ, reveal that AA has three predominant groups, and that of ACP three Main Components, in which the
    highlighted element were HCO3-, Ca 2+, Mg2 +, Dur and CE both in the dry and in the dry season. in the rain.
    In the irrigation analyzes, he observes that the means that had changes were in the variables K +, pH and RAMg,
    in addition to presenting low and medium risk of salinity (C1-C2) and low sodicity (S1). Therefore, this research is
    partially concluded that contamination of BHRJ is given by a set of environmental factors, whether these activities
    are anthropic and / or the dissolution of rock ions in water bodies.
4
  • LETICIA GRAZIELLA TEIXEIRA NUNES
  • O USO DA TECNOLOGIA DA INFORMAÇÃO E COMUNICAÇÃO COMO FERRAMENTA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO NA COMERCIALIZAÇÃO DE FRUTAS E HORTALIÇAS

  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 12/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Fruits and vegetables are essential sources for a healthy diet, so the objective of the study was to obtain a systemic view of the production, commercialization, and consumption of fruits and vegetables in Tangará da Serra - MT. The data were collected in direct research, through a structured questionnaire, with open and closed questions, and quantitative and qualitative variables. The researched population was 162 producers and 383 consumers of fruits and vegetables in the municipality of Tangará da Serra-MT. As for the socioeconomic profile, 75% are owners, 32% are between 51 and 60 years old, 63% have only elementary education, 58% have a family income equal to or higher than 4 minimum wages and only 51 producers receive technical assistance. Most properties (62%) have an area of up to 10 ha, 95% practice conventional cultivation of 17 varieties of fruit and 37 types of vegetables. The most used marketing channels are open markets and direct sales to supermarkets, commerce and others, although 59% use only one channel. In the consumption profile, 52% of respondents consume fruits and vegetables daily, 68% spend up to R $ 50.00 per week on these products and the main reason for consumption is the preference for healthy eating.

     

5
  • EDER CORREA FERMIANO
  • COMUNIDADE DE ANUROS EM ÁREAS DE ECÓTONO DE CERRADO, PANTANAL E AMAZÔNIA NO SUDOESTE DE MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : DIONEI JOSE DA SILVA
  • Data: 26/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Ecotones are important tools for conservation as they protect components from different ecosystems, contributing to regional diversification. In this study we analyzed:

    1) the composition, richness and abundance of anurans in the ecoregion of Chiquitano Dry Forest, southwest of the state of Mato Grosso and, 2) the responses of anurans in face of the effects of edge and matrix in a fragmented landscape. Data collections occurred in 21 forest fragments in the years 2002 to 2004 in the rainy and dry season, with 10-day campaigns in each fragment. In each fragment, six sets of pitfall traps were installed, with the first being placed in the pasture matrix, the second on the edge and the subsequent four every 50 meters in the fragments. Each set was built with five buried 24-liter buckets, 10 meters apart, interconnected by 80cm-high fences. 839 individuals of 24 species of anurans and eight families were captured. Physalaemus albonotatus (n = 172) and Rhinella margaritifera (n = 114) represented the highest abundances and also the highest frequency indices, occurring in 76.19% (n = 16) of the areas. Leptodactylidae with 13 species was the most representative family, followed by Microhylidae (n = 3 spp.), Bufonidae and Hylidae (n = 2 spp.) and Craugastoridae, Dendrobatidae, Odontophrynidae and Phyllomedusidae with only one species. The wealth represents about 19% of the anurofaunistic diversity of the state of Mato Grosso. The species in this study are mostly common in open phytogeographic domains and with greater environmental plasticity, with the composition of species from the Cerrado, Pantanal and surroundings being more similar than in the Amazon. The intense forest fragmentation in this part of the state may have led to the replacement of species with greater requirements by others with greater plasticity in terms of habitat use. Despite this, species frequently associated with forest environments such as Leptodactylus petersii, Lithodytes lineatus, Osteocephalus taurinus and R. margaritifera have also been recorded. In addition, we recorded species endemic to the Cerrado (Pristimantis dundeei) and this region (Proceratophrys strussmannae), reinforcing the importance of ecotonal areas for species conservation. Also, among the records, we present an updated map and the southernmost record of the geographic distribution of L. lineatus, as well as the use of habitat. To understand the influence of landscape change in this region, we analyzed the composition, richness and abundance of anurans in pasture matrix, edge and forest habitats, considering the seasonal factor (drought and rain). The richness among the habitats did not present significant differences in any analyzed station. Despite this, the matrix held only 6.44% of the total abundance, with an increase in this pattern following the gradient matrix-edge-forest interior during the rainy (R² = 0.27; p = 0.014) and dry season (R² = 0.30; p = 0.005). The lower availability of micro-habitats for shelter and reproduction, as well as higher temperature and lower humidity in the pasture matrix, are possibly responsible for these responses. Therefore, the conversion of native vegetation to pastures can constitute an important threat to anurans, thus requiring a closer look at this region.

6
  • THAIANY FERNANDES
  • LEVANTAMENTO FITOSSOCIOLÓGICO E EFEITO DE HERBICIDAS APLICADOS EM JATO DIRIGIDO À ENTRELINHA E EM ÁREA TOTAL NA CULTURA DO ABACAXI

  • Orientador : MIRIAM HIROKO INOUE
  • Data: 26/03/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Pineapple farming represents one of the most important fruit segments in Brazil, being among the three main fruits in production and value in fruit farming. However, there are factors that may influence its production and productivity, being the interference of weeds in the culture one of the most important. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the weeds present during the whole cycle of the pineapple crop in the field and to evaluate and compare the efficacy of herbicides applied in the control of weeds in the pineapple crop. The method used to perform the phytosociological survey of weeds in two areas cultivated with the pineapple crop at different times (120, 240 and 360 days after planting) was the inventory square (0.25 x 0.25 m) randomly cast 25 times between the rows of the crop. The plants were identified by species, popular name and family. Then, frequency, relative frequency, density, relative density, abundance, importance value index and importance value index were calculated. To evaluate the effects of the application in directed jet and total area of herbicides on the pineapple crop, the pearl cultivar was used, at 1,20 x 0,40 x 0,40 m spacing. The experimental design was that of randomized blocks, with treatments in a 9 x 2 x 2 factorial scheme, with four repetitions, in which the first factor represented the herbicides sulfentrazone (700 g i.a ha-1), diurom (3,200 g i.a ha-1), clethodim (144 g i.a ha-1), atrazine (3,000 g i.a ha-1), hexazinone+diurom (396 + 1,404 g i. a ha-1), s-metolachlor (1,920 g i.a ha-1), trifluralin (1,335 g i.a ha-1), pendimethalin (1,400 g i.a ha-1), the second one the two witnesses, one weeding and the other without weeding, and the third one two modes of application directed jet (with protection of the seedlings with napoleon hat) and in total area (without protection of the plants). The application of the herbicides was done 20 days after the planting of the crop, using a CO2 pressurized costal sprayer. In general, the species found exposed characteristics such as aggressive competition for resources such as water, light and nutrients, high seed production, rapid growth, irregular germination. Furthermore, the phytosociological survey of weeds in a single area or time of year does not represent the potential for infestation of these areas. Therefore, it was observed that the most important time for weed management in pineapple cultivation is close to 120 DAP, period in which there was the highest number of weed species. And the most expressive present in most indexes with high potential to infest the cultivation of pineapple were Euphorbia heterophylla, Ipomoea triloba, Chamaesyce hirta, Sida rhombifolia, Eulesine indica, Digitaria spp., Priva bahiensis, Bidens pilosa, Cenchrus echinatus, Urochloa decumbens and Rottboellia cochinchensis.

7
  • PRISCILA DA SILVA SALMAZO
  • VIABILIDADE AGROECONÔMICA DE BANANEIRA SUBGRUPO TERRA (FARTA VELHACO) EM DENSIDADES DE PLANTIO NA REGIÃO SUDOESTE MATOGROSSENSE


  • Orientador : WILLIAN KRAUSE
  • Data: 06/04/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The banana stands out as one of the leading fruits in world agricultural production and trade. Brazil is the world's fourth largest producer of this fruit, accounting for about 5.8% of production. However, it is not known how much of this total corresponds to the varieties of the Terra (plane tree) group. In commercial crops the spacing used has been from 3.0 x 4.0 m (833 plants ha-1) to 3.0 x 2.0 m (1,666 plants ha-1). The modification of the management system with high density planting has proved to be profitable, reducing production costs due to higher yields due to the greater number of bunches harvested per unit area, providing favorable results to the farmer. Therefore, the objective of this work was to evaluate the productivity, fruit quality and profitability of the banana Farta Velhaco under different planting densities. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of fruit growing at the State University of Mato Grosso - Unemat, in Tangará da Serra - MT. The experimental design used was randomized blocks, with four treatments and four replications. The treatments consisted of four double row row spacing, being 4.0x2.0x1.0m (3,333 plants ha-1), 4.0x2.0x1.5m (2,222 plants ha-1), 4.0x2.0x2.0m (1,666 plants ha-1) and 4.0x2.0x2.5m (1,333 plants ha-1). The plants were evaluated in the flowering phase, through the characteristics of plant height, circumference of the pseudostem, number of active leaves, percentage of increase in plant height and circumference of the pseudostem. The phenological characteristics correspond to the duration of the vegetative, productive and total cycle. At harvest, productivity was evaluated and after ripening the clusters, the quality of the fruits. In addition to these characteristics, the production costs and profitability of the banana crop during the entire crop cycle were determined. At flowering, it was found that the planting spacing did not influence the characteristics of the pseudostem circumference, number of active leaves, number of days from planting to flowering, percentage of plant height and pseudostem circumference. It only showed a significant difference for the plant height characteristic, where there was an increase in the height values, as the planting spacing was reduced. Regarding the total cost of production (CTP) estimated for the banana, it was R $ 19,727, 46 (1,333 plants ha-1) to R $ 31,744.66 (3,333 plants ha-1), with the highest CTP values in the denser planting, with 3,333 plants ha-1, thus requiring greater financial investment by the banana grower. However, at this stage of the research there is still no data on bunches production and fruit quality, so there is still no revenue, only costs.

8
  • CLEIDIANE MORAES NOVAIS MARQUEZIN
  • AVALIAÇÃO DA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA PLUVIAL E DA VIABILIDADE TÉCNICA DE SUA CAPTAÇÃO E USO NA IRRIGAÇÃO DA AGRICULTURA URBANA EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA-MT

  • Orientador : TADEU MIRANDA DE QUEIROZ
  • Data: 17/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The planning and management of water quality have been necessary for sustainable development because the
    scarcity of water resources is already a reality even in regions where they are considered abundant. The objective
    of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility of using rainwater for rainwater irrigation in Tangará da
    Serra, MT. To this end, laboratory analysis, statistics and field research were performed with the application of a
    questionnaire to collect qualitative and quantitative data to classify the quality of water relating it to possible sources
    of chemical compounds measured, estimate the potential for saving drinking water and analyze the climatological
    water balance to determine the volume of rainwater reservoir required to meet this activity. The results showed that
    the concentrations of chemical compounds monitored in rainwater samples do not offer restrictions on its use for
    irrigation of species grown in the backyard of the buildings, that the local atmosphere can interfere with these
    concentrations, so it is recommended to discard the initial millimeters and that there is potential for saving 100%
    of potable water used for irrigation of the UA, if its use is replaced by rainwater. Furthermore, the required
    reservoir volume obtained from the questionnaire data is 310 liters, while the one obtained from the PET is 2,240
    liters. We conclude that these savings could be reversed in the implementation of a public policy that considers
    financial aid for the construction of rainwater catchment systems in low-income households in the municipality.
    Thus, if the reservoir is properly sized, in addition to generating savings in drinking water, it contributes to the
    preservation of the watershed of the Queima - Pé river that supplies Tangará da Serra - MT.
9
  • LUCILENE CAMPOS FERREIRA MIRANDA
  • ARRANJO PRODUTIVO LOCAL EM FORMAÇÃO E ROTAS DE DISTRIBUIÇÃO PARA AS FLORES NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : CELICE ALEXANDRE SILVA
  • Data: 19/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The so-called Local Productive Arrangement (APL) are business organizations that are integrated through the actors involved: producers, customers and government support agencies. The study aimed to analyze the organization of the Local Productive Arrangement of tropical flowers produced in Mato Grosso. The first step was to identify the situation of the local Productive Arrangement, characterizing the actors involved in the APL in the state of Mato Grosso. Following, the tropical flowers produced in the region are described. In this way, the research is characterized as field and documentary. Data were collected from government agencies, tropical flower producers and the IBGE website (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). The APLs are structured in an early stage of development format, since among the actors involved there is no effective integration. Producers receive support from government agencies such as SEAF (State Secretariat for Family Agriculture), EMPAER (Matogrossense Company for Research, Technical Assistance and Rural Extension) and the State University of Mato Grosso (UNEMAT). It is concluded that the production of tropical flowers is promising, since more than 12 qualities of tropical flowers in different species are produced. However, it is necessary to restructure the Tropical Flowers APL so that there is more organization  and that involves specific public policies for the consistent development of APLs and, thus, strengthen the tropical floriculture segment.

10
  • ELLEN CARLA GOMES BARNABÉ
  • INDUTORES DE RESISTÊNCIA COMO ALTERNATIVA PARA O MANEJO DA ANTRACNOSE  EM MARACUJAZEIRO AMARELO

  • Orientador : DEJANIA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: 31/05/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa) is the most produced passion fruit species in Brazil, wich is the largest producer and consumer of the fruit in the world. Brazilian orchards suffer from the attack of several diseases, including anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.), a very aggressive disease that infects the entire aerial part of the plant. In view of the low efficiency of chemical control and the small progress in the genetic improvement of the species with regard to protection against this disease, resistance induction emerges as an alternative measure to be combined in the management of the disease. The products based on Acibenzolar-S-Methyl (ASM), citrus biomass (BMC) and Bacillus subtilis have been tested against several pathogenicities and them provided a significant increase in the synthesis of proteins related to pathogenicity. Therefore, the first paper aims to evaluate resistance induction as an alternative measure in the management of anthracnose in yellow passion fruit. The experiments were carried out in a protected culture in a completely randomized design, 6 inducers were used (ASM, Bacillus subtilis, ASM + B. subtilis, BMC, BMC + B. subtilis, pathogen) + additional control, with 3 replicates with 5 plants each. In each experiment a different species of Colletotrichum was used. The applications of the inducers were started at 57 days after transplantation and the plants were inoculated with the pathogen 24 hours after the application of the inducers. The collections for enzymatic dosage occurred at 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours after the inoculation of the pathogen, the incidence was evaluated daily and the severity weekly after the application of the pathogen. The enzymes peroxidase, polyphenoloxidase, β-1,3-glucanase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase were measured. Evaluations of the Chlorophyll Falker Index (ICF), plant height (AP), plant neck diameter (DC) and number of leaves (NC) were also carried out every two weeks. All inductors provided an increase in the content of the evaluated enzymes. Treatments containing ASM showed lower ICF. In the first experiment, the ASM treatment provided greater AP and greater NF. In the second experiment, ASM showed lower NF at the end of the evaluations. The inducers were efficient in promoting enzymes involved in the immune response, however, it was not possible to clearly estimate the protection promoted by them. The objective of the second article was to verify the protective action of inducers on yellow passion fruit on anthracnose. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design consisting of 7 treatments and 5 repetitions. ASM, Bacillus subtilis, ASM + B. subtilis, BMC, BMC + B. subtilis and the pathogen without application of inductors were used as inducers, as well as a control without application of inductors and without inoculation of the pathogen. Detached leaves were used, which were disinfected, sprayed with inductors (or sterile distilled water), challenged with C. brevisporum and C. truncatum and kept under controlled light and temperature. The severity of the disease, AACPS, germination, the formation of appressoria and the penetration of the pathogen were evaluated. The treatment composed by the combination of Bacillus subtilis and citrus biomass is the most suitable to compose the management of anthracnose in yellow passion fruit, as it promoted an increase in the activity of enzymes related to the defense of the plant without compromising its development, as well as providing an area below the disease severity curve lower than that of the inoculated control and other treatments without direct action on the pathogen.

11
  • JONATAS PRATES LIMA

  • PRÁTICAS AMBIENTAIS DA PECUÁRIA E CUSTOS DA CONSTRUÇÃO DE TERRACEAMENTOS EM UM AFLUENTE DO RIO SEPOTUBA EM NOVA MARILÂNDIA - MT



     

  • Orientador : CLECI GRZEBIELUCKAS
  • Data: 30/11/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The gradual increase in population requires that food production follow this evolution, however, in a sustainable way and in balance with the environment. The research aims to identify the environmental practices of livestock farming in properties in the Municipality of Nova Marilândia MT, and as a specific objective to estimate the costs of building terracing in one of these properties. The research is characterized by the descriptive type, quali-quantitative approach, and used the multi-case strategy. The collection instruments were semi-structured forms, interviews and on-site observation. Four producers who have livestock as their activity took part in the research. Initially, the environmental practices used in the management of livestock were identified, and in one of the properties, terracing was built and costs were raised. It was identified that most properties do not use sustainable environmental practices, however, they do some actions in a partial way and that comply with environmental legislation. Regarding the cost of terracing per km, the cattle-raiser considered it high, however, he stated that he has already noticed changes in the property in relation to pastures that are preserved for longer, reduced erosion and contributed to the conservation of the neighboring roads of the property. Another positive effect was that the property served as a model for other ranchers to start building terracing in their pasture areas.

12
  • ALEXANDER WEBBER PERLANDIM RAMOS
  • ANÁLISE DA FRAGMENTAÇÃO DA PAISAGEM DO MUNICIPIO DE NOVA MARILÂNDIA - MT, BRASIL: SUBSÍDIOS A DEFINIÇÃO DE ÁREAS PRIORITÁRIAS À RECOMPOSIÇÃO

  • Orientador : EDINÉIA APARECIDA DOS SANTOS GALVANIN
  • Data: 06/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The absence of environmental planning during the process of anthropization of
    landscapes has caused several problems, including the reduction of native forests
    and the fragmentation of habitats, which have generated often irreversible damage to
    several species fauna and flora, being one of the main causes of extinction. Studies
    aimed at mitigating these problems are essential, in the face of a scenario of
    increasingly intense anthropic pressures on the natural components of landscapes,
    especially vegetation, for environmental conservation. The objective of this research
    is to analyze the landscape of the municipality of Nova Marilândia-MT and investigate
    the priority fragments for recomposition in degraded Permanent Preservation Areas,
    aiming at generating information that supports the proposition of actions restoration
    of landscape functionality. Space-time mappings of vegetation cover and land use
    were elaborated, in which statistical calculations were applied to understand the
    dynamics of landscape fragmentation. The Integral Connectivity Index, derived from
    Graph Theory, was applied to identify the degraded areas priority to restoration. In
    the municipality, during the analysis period, there were several impacts on the
    landscape, resulting from anthropization, such as: the increase in the complexity of
    forms and distances between fragments of native vegetation, in addition to the
    reduction of functional connectivity. This scenario reflected in the Permanent
    Preservation Areas that were anthropized, presenting areas in divergence with
    environmental legislation. Of the 1706 fragments to be restored, 1594 presented low
    level of restoration priority, 102 medium and 10 high. The replacement of native
    vegetation, caused mainly by livestock activity in the municipality over three decades,
    contributed to the modification of the landscape configuration, causing damage to
    Permanent Preservation Areas.
13
  • Fausto Jacomin
  • PRONAF ECO: ANÁLISE DA BAIXA DEMANDA DE CRÉDITO NO MUNICÍPIO DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA – MT 

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 13/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • PRONAF – ECO/Bioenergia goes beyond the simple cost of crops, this line of the credit program seeks to establish improvements in the way of life of farmers and their families, constant improvements, enabling it to stay in the field permanently, contributing to the country's food security (ANDRADE, 2015) working in harmony with nature and reducing the rural exodus, avoiding the increase in land concentration (WANDERLEY, 2000a). To do so, family farmers need access to these credit lines, and it is at this point that the proposal of this research follows

14
  • GICELLY MARIA LORENZI ZANATTA SOUSA
  • IMPLEMENTAÇÃO DA POLÍTICA NACIONAL DE SAÚDE INTEGRAL DAS POPULAÇÕES DO CAMPO, DA FLORESTA E DAS ÁGUAS EM ASSENTAMENTOS DE REFORMA AGRÁRIA – UMA REVISÃO INTEGRATIVA

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 15/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  •  This study aimed to identify and analyze the scientific production on the implementation of the National Comprehensive Health Policy of Rural, Forest and Water Populations in rural settlements of the Brazilian territory, for which an integrative review of the literature was carried out on national bases.

15
  • RONEI RODRIGUES BARBOSA
  • ESPÉCIES  DE PEIXES EXÓTICAS E SEUS IMPACTOS SOCIAIS, AMBIENTAIS E ECONÔMICOS NA POPULAÇÃO PESQUEIRA DO MUNICÍPIO DE CÁCERES, MATO GROSSO

  • Orientador : DANIELLE STORCK TONON
  • Data: 20/12/2021


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Invasions of exotic species in Brazil are one of the factors that most negatively impacts biodiversity. Its existence generates threats and conflicts with native species, causing biological losses to the ecosystem. The Pantanal is one of the Brazilian biomes most threatened by the presence of exotic species in its aquatic ecosystems. In order to monitor biodiversity and use of the fishing resource, the Brazilian government has implemented a control system that uses the Declaration of Individual Fishing (DIFs), in the which each fisherman informs the species caught, the quantity (units and kilos), the locations and baits used. This study aims to investigate the occurrences of invasive fish species, reported in DIFs, and their possible environmental and socioeconomic effects in the region of the municipality of Cáceres in the Paraguay River Basin. In all, 4002 DIFs were evaluated from the years 2019 to 2020. Of the 35 species of fish registered, 10 are exotic (originating in the Amazon basin) were registered in 40 locations, totaling 6,410 kg. However, of the 10 species, only Tucunaré, had already been registered by researchers in the region. Our results indicate the need for actions to confirm the actual occurrence of these reported species and point to two possible scenarios: 1) If the occurrences are confirmed, monitoring, study of impacts on native species, management strategies and evaluation of the economic potential for tourist marketing and fishing. 2) If the records are errors in the IPR records, it is necessary to improve the system used and offer training so that fishermen fill out the guides correctly.

2020
Dissertações
1
  • VANESSA COSTA DA SILVA
  • MANEJO CULTURAL E BIOLÓGICO PARA A ESTRUTURAÇÃO DE SOLO CULTIVADO COM ALGODOEIRO

  • Orientador : DEJANIA VIEIRA DE ARAUJO
  • Data: 02/10/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of biological fertilizer on the physical, chemical and microbiological attributes of the soil and activation of pathogenesis-related enzymes in cotton culture. The experiment was conducted during two harvests (2017/2018 and 2018/2019), in the experimental area at the State University of Mato Grosso UNEMAT. The chemical characteristics evaluated were phosphorus (P), potassium (K) calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), hydrogen (H), aluminum (Al), sulfur (S), organic matter (MO), hydrogen potential (pH), cation exchange capacity (T), total organic carbon (T) and percentage of base saturation (V). The microbiological variables analyzed were carbon from soil microbial biomass (BMS-C) according to the fumigation method - extraction, basal soil respiration (RBS) and soil metabolic quotient (qCO2), microbial quotient (qMIC) and total organic carbon (COT). For the analysis of the physical characteristics of the soil volumetric humidity (Uv), gravimetric humidity (Ug), soil density (Ds), macroporosity (MaP), microporosity (MiP), total porosity (Pt), soil resistance to penetration (RP). Crop yield, seed yield (PRODC) and fiber yield (PRODF) in kg ha-1 and fiber yield (F). Related to the activation of pathogenic enzymes related to the plant, the enzymes Peroxidase and β 1,3 - glucanases were evaluated, while for the enzymes related to the soil, acid phosphatase and β-glycosidase were evaluated. In order to verify the effect of the use of biological fertilization and cover crops on quality indicators of soil cultivated with cotton, it is necessary to continue studies that view the performance of these factors on the indicators. Also needing a longer evaluation period to obtain knowledge related to the behavior of pathogenic enzymes resulting from the use of biological fertilizer, as well as in the productivity and quality of the cotton fiber, since in two cultivation seasons no direct influence of this management can be observed about them.

2
  • ANGELA NASCIMENTO DA SILVA
  • A FOME E SUAS RELAÇÕES COM AS POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS: ANÁLISE SOBRE OS PROGRAMAS PBF, PNAE E PAA NO MUNICÍPIO DE TANGARÁ DA SERRA/MT.

  • Orientador : RAIMUNDO NONATO CUNHA DE FRANCA
  • Data: 28/10/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The search on hunger and its relations with public policies it´s essential for the evaluation of public policies already existing whose objective be it the figth against hunger and the eradication of poverty, and for planning for continuity or implementation of new public policies to fight hunger and poverty. The objective general of that search is the discussion about the insertion of public policies as a strategy for combat food and nutritional insecurity, doing a cutout about the policies of Food Purchase Program (PAA), National School Feeding Program (PNAE) and Family Scholarship Program (PBF). Were lifted dice bibliographic about the programs through of search in literature existing and sites of federal government, whit objective of discourse widely since the creation about each one of the programs and your objectives. Out Chosen for data analysis the county for Tangara da Serra-MT, the county lies in region north of State of Mato Grosso, and is known like the capital of the Middle North, with population of 101.764 population (IBGE, 2018). The economy of county is based in the provision of services, industry and agriculture, with spotlight for production of soy and sugar cane, too it has strong production in family farming. Were analyzed data on National School Feeding Program (PNAE) in the period for 05 (five) years, with the objective of show the cost student for the program and the impacts and benefits that the program brings while public policy for the coping the food and nutritional insecurity, ensuring the children for public basic education network in county at least 01( one) daily meal. The Food Purchase Program (PAA) were analyzed data of Conab (National Supply Company) and your impacts in coping the food and nutritional insecurity of brazilian farmers, with the fortification of family farming through for income generation. The data on Family Scholarship Program (PBF) were collected in the system of registrations for access to social programs from the federal government “CADÚnico” and in municipal secretary of social assistance for county Tangara da Serra - MT. The datas were treated by families, and categories related the environment in which the family reside, the classification was in urban, rural, camped and indigenous. The present study evidenced the importance of public policies in fighting hunger and your contribution for the eradication of poverty, programs that encourage income generation like PAA, contribute significantly in food and nutrition security in country, multiplely, for both beneficiaries suppliers as for beneficiaries of assistance programs. Programs of income transfer like the PBF go beyond from economic impacts, through of the increase income of beneficiary families generates the fortification the internal market, and too social impacts, like social inclusion, upon feeling belonging at various levels of discussion. And programs like PNAE ensure the children the right access the feeding, right this basilar of the article 6º of Constituion of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988. Expected with this study contribute for evaluation of these programs like strategy important of public policy for coping to food and nutritional insecurity in Brazil. 

3
  • BETHANIA BATISTA CARNEIRO DA SILVA
  • VALORAÇÃO DOS SERVIÇOS HÍDRICOS E DO CUSTO DE RECUPERAÇÃO DO CÓRREGO PALMITAL EM TANGARÁ DA SERRA - MT

  • Orientador : CLECI GRZEBIELUCKAS
  • Data: 10/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Brazil is a country with great diversity and continental dimension that provide heterogeneity in space and resources. However, Brazilian biomes have undergone changes mainly due to the impacts of human activities, and they may become irreversible because of suffering several anthropic actions. Water is the source of life and a central natural resource in all human activities, essential for the survival of living beings and the maintenance of life. In addition to being used in the production of goods and services, it provides ecosystem services essential to the preservation of life. However, even though Brazil is a country that holds 12% of all fresh water available in the world, a water crisis has started related to several anthropogenic actions on the planet, including the overuse of water. Not only agricultural activity is responsible for environmental degradation, but also urban occupation, harming water bodies with the destination of domestic and industrial sewage in rivers and streams, deforestation of native vegetation and grounding of springs for urban constructions. In this context, the research aimed to value the services and environmental costs of the Palmital Stream in Tangará da Serra - MT. The research was divided into two parts, the first of which sought to calculate the blue water footprint of four vegetable crops (lettuce, tomato, beet and cabbage) based on the collection of water from the Palmital Stream of Tangará da Serra - MT. The study was carried out in three productive cycles in a private property near the Palmital Stream that uses water for the production of vegetables. The calculation of PHA was performed based on the method of Hoekstra et al. (2011). The second aimed to calculate the replacement cost of riparian forest in the Palmital Stream of Tangará da Serra - MT. Initially, a Forestry Engineer was hired to guide which species should be planted and the materials needed for the recovery of the Palmital Stream forests. Then, the costs of equipment and services necessary for the recovery and maintenance of this area were raised. The results made it possible to verify that in the first cycle, the cabbage had a PHA of 126 liters / kg, beet at PHA was 145.50 liters / kg, lettuce was the crop with the lowest PHA, at 52 liters / kg and the tomato with PHA of 219.44 liters / kg. In the second cycle, tomato was the crop with the lowest PHA, 36.6 liters / kg, lettuce with PHA of 74.90 liters / kg, beet with PHA of 459.70 liters / kg and cabbage with PHA of 235.08 liters / kg. Regarding the recovery of the Palmital Stream, it was found that there is an area with an erosive process, an area with a clean field and a dirty field that need to be recovered. In addition, it was certified that 1,480 native seedlings were necessary, of which 1,105 were pioneer and early secondary and 375 late secondary.

     
4
  • LUANA VIEIRA COELHO FERREIRA
  • RISCOS À SAÚDE DECORRENTES DAS ATIVIDADES RURAIS E RELAÇÃO ENTRE CONDIÇÕES  METEOROLÓGICAS, DOENÇAS DOS SISTEMAS RESPIRATÓRIO E CARDIOVASCULAR

  • Orientador : RIVANILDO DALLACORT
  • Data: 10/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • The objective was to investigate the scientific evidence on health risks and diseases that affect farmers and to analyze how meteorological variability can influence hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. An integrative literature review was carried out by consulting the electronic databases SciELO and Virtual Health Library indexed in the databases LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF and IBECS. In the study of climatic variability and hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the municipality of Tangará da Serra - MT, data from meteorological elements were collected on the website of the National Meteorological Institute (INMET) and information on diseases on the website of the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), considering the period from 2008 to 2018. In respiratory diseases, all age groups, children from 0 to 9 years old and elderly people over 60 years were included; in cardiovascular, all age groups and elderly people over 60 years were applied. An analysis of the 11-year period (2008-2018) and each year was carried out separately. Pearson's parametric correlation test (r) was used, the correlations were submitted to significance analysis by Student's t test. In the review, five categories emerged, namely: health risks arising from the use and exposure to pesticides, health implications arising from tobacco farming, implications for mental health, health risks arising from extractive activities and illness of the farmer resulting from different exposures in the rural work. The risks to the farmer's health are comprehensive, according to the configuration of the work. As for the association between meteorological variables and hospitalizations for respiratory diseases, in the annual analysis significant correlations were found including all age groups, in the years 2008 and 2015 with coefficients between (r = -0.74) and (r = 0.69 ), with a significant association of moderate to strong, with the variables that most influence the number of hospitalizations being the temperature (minimum, maximum and average) and relative humidity (minimum and average); with children, correlations were also obtained in the years 2008 and 2015, with coefficients between (r = -0.77) and (r = 0.63), the variables that most influence the number of cases are: precipitation, temperature (minimum, average and maximum) and minimum relative humidity, with moderate to strong associations; with elderly people, correlations were found in the years 2009, 2012, 2013 and 2016, with coefficients between (r = -0.84) and (r = 0.70), with moderate to strong correlations, with the temperature (minimum , average and maximum), relative humidity (minimum, average and maximum) and precipitation, the variables that most influence the number of hospitalizations. With cardiovascular diseases, including all age groups, in 2008, 2012 and 2015 significant correlations were obtained with coefficients between (r = -0.65) and (r = 0.73), with significant associations being moderate to strong , so that the variables precipitation, temperature (average and maximum) are those that most influence the number of hospitalizations; with elderly people, correlations were found in the years 2008, 2009, 2012 and 2015 with thermal amplitude, minimum and average relative humidity, maximum and average temperature and precipitation, with moderate correlation strength, with coefficients between (r = -0.64) and (r = 0.64). The results demonstrate that the variability of meteorological elements also influences the increase or decrease in the number of hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.

5
  • ALESSANDRO BANDEIRA DALBIANCO
  • ANÁLISE PRODUTIVA, AMBIENTAL E ECONÔMICA DO TOMATEIRO RASTEIRO EM MANEJOS DE COBERTURAS DO SOLO

  • Orientador : SANTINO SEABRA JUNIOR
  • Data: 16/12/2020


  • Mostrar Abstract
  • Soil cover is an agricultural practice that can offer several benefits to plants and soil, as it promotes the control of weeds, reduces water losses through evaporation, facilitates the harvest and commercialization of fruits, the product is harvested cleaner, with better quality and important in the improvement of the physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil, where this practice is very important in the cultivation of flat tomatoes destined for the fresh market. Therefore, the objective of this work was to carry out productive and economic analyzes on tomato cultivars of determined growth, in different soil coverings, evaluating the effect of soil temperature and humidity, the production cost and the physical, chemical and biochemical quality of tomato fruits, aiming at the fresh market. The experiment was carried out in the field in a randomized block design under a factorial scheme with two determined tomato cultivars (Fascínio and Thaíse) and five soil cover managements (Soil without cover, plastic mulching, Sorghum, Capim Sudan and Milheto) with four replications. . The drip irrigation system was used, through which fertigation was also carried out. Production evaluations were carried out regarding soil cover management, physical, chemical, biochemical aspects of tomato productivity and production cost. Soil temperature and humidity were also evaluated throughout the cycle and at the end of total tomato production. As a result, considering biomass production, Millet was the one that produced the most, with a value of 9.10 t ha-1, followed by Sorghum, Sudan and spontaneous vegetation. As for the decomposition rate, Milheto and Capim Sudão had the lowest rates and, consequently, the longest half-lives. Total and commercial yields were influenced in isolation by soil cover and non-commercial yield by cultivars and soil cover. Covering with plastic mulching provided the highest total and commercial productivity with 110.50 and 74.44 t ha-1 respectively, and the other treatments did not differ. The management of soil cover influences the production and quality of tomato fruits, and the cultivar Fascínio tends to have a higher concentration of lycopene and β-carotene. The cultivar Thaíse showed greater thickness of the fruit wall in the treatments without cover and sorghum, with no difference between cultivars for the other coverings. The cultivar Fascínio presented the greatest thickness (13.98 mm) compared to the cultivar Thaíse (11.95 mm). Covering with plastic mulching provided the highest soil temperature in relation to treatments without cover, Sudan grass, sorghum and millet. The treatment without soil cover has the lowest thermal amplitude of the soil for the depths of 0.05, 0.10, 0.20 and 0.30 m. Tomato cultivation showed a high potential for economic expression for the study region, especially when using plastic mulching, where it presented a higher operating profit of R $ 138,875.76, followed by treatments with Sorghum (R $ 123,712.05), millet (R $ 117,825.25), without coverage (R $ 110,532.95) and Sudan grass (R $ 99,654.02), with the costs of manual operations (19.61%), tomato seed (9%) , fertilization (13.27%), plastic mulching (7.17%) and irrigation (19.80%) the highest expenses observed in their production in relation to the total operating cost (TOC).

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